Part of an occasional series where I visit museums that are open to the public, but only if you have contacted them first and arranged a time to visit.
Museums by Appointment.
The British Airways Heritage Collection is based at the airline’s Head Office building and was formed to preserve the records and artefacts of British Airways predecessor companies: BOAC, BEA, BSAA and the pre-war Imperial Airways and the original British Airways Ltd.
Maintained by volunteers, the museum occupies a fairly prominent location on the ground floor next to the building’s famous “indoor street”, which is not surprising when I learnt that a lot of the visitors are the local staff wanting to have a look around.
Like many transport oriented museums, it is actually the archive that is of most interest to most of its users, and there are two floors of documents in the basement. What the casual visitor gets to see is a decent sized room laid out with a timeline of the various companies that merged over the years to form British Airways as we know it today.
One of the volunteers, Keith offers tours around the museum, which is essentially up to an hour of the history of the company. Something he knows a bit about having worked for the airline all his life.
The early days of flying is an odd combination of the heights of luxury being provided inside an uncomfortably shaky tin cans flying comparatively slowly just a couple of thousand feet in the air. With limited fuel, most flights would be short hops during the day, with passengers staying in hotels overnight.
Despite the discomforts, the ability to turn a 6-week cruise into a 10 day flight meant the aircraft gained a lot of custom from HM Government for ferrying its postage and diplomats around – and celebrities.
Naturally, WW2 got in the way of civilian transport, but it was a boom time for the development of the aircraft in terms of technology and most famously leading to the jet engine.
One display talked about the Air Transport Auxiliary, the civilian body that during the war flew aircraft from factory to airfield. During the war, over 300,000 aircraft were delivered – which is quite a staggering number in itself.
Another civilian group flew deliveries of ball bearings from factories in neutral Sweden. After being constantly attacked by German fighters, they ended up being given Mosquito
jets planes — the only civilian use of fighter jets — for their speed, and thus the only ones to be painted in civilian colours.
As the war ended, civilian aircraft were able to take advantage of the wartime developments and ever larger models were developed. Sadly, Britain’s de Havilland Comet was just too early a development and a couple of crashes set back British airline manufacturing.
At the time, flying was still an expensive luxury, which in turn also contributed its glamorous image – particularly helped by being the era when celebrities dressed glamorously instead of in jeans and t-shirts.
The airline staff of the time also dressed appropriately, and one of the museum’s more popular archives is the stewardess’s uniforms. I suspect, personally, that for many of us, flying regularly is something done in the heady years of early adulthood, and when settled down, the familiar uniforms of that period evoke memories of childless times.
Your favourite “BA Uniform” is potentially as much an indicator of your age as which Dr Who you grew up with.
A bit of space is given over to Concorde, but not as much as you would expect for the flagship of the airline – most of the post-80s display is about mass transport as airlines dropped the luxury image and became flying buses delivering people from A to B in an increasingly cheap and tawdry manner.
While the increasing availability of air travel is undeniably a great thing, I do slightly miss the exclusive glamour of the past.
Talking of glamour, it was a BOAC flight that conveyed The Queen from Kenya to the UK 60 years ago. A display case has the flight log from the plane noting when it switched from normal plane to Royal Flight.
And I think we’ll gloss over the appalling episode with the strangely decorated tailfins.
One thing I noticed on the displays though was a collection of displays of ashtrays. Their design followed the contours of fashion as tightly as the clothes and music of each era, and are oddly evocative of the past.
Thanks to Keith for taking time away from his research work and given me his third tour of the day – it certainly added a lot of background to the airline’s heritage. I was there for about 90 minutes in total, and a dedicated fan could probably spend even longer there.
I expect children will love the models – this big child certainly did.
Some more photos of the displays here.
They also have some examples of aircraft seating next to the museum, so if you want to have a chance to sit in 1st class for the probably only time in your life, then here is an opportunity.
Visits are free, but donations are appreciated, or they sell some posters and postcards featuring old adverts. If arriving by public transport, you can use the staff bus from Heathrow airport, which is a nice courtesy.
- London’s First International Airport
- The Iranian Concorde
- The year that you could catch a Helicopter from Waterloo Station