Today, the land behind Paddington station is an array of glossy office blocks. But they shouldn’t be there. It’s supposed to be a 1960s array of housing towers.

Accepting that most housing towers of the 1960s were unmitigated disasters, the proposal offered was interesting in how it looked at the towers as a model town in the skies, with its own church at the top.


This was the 1952 plans by architect Sergei Kadleigh (of Barbican fame) assisted by Patrick Horsbrugh, called High Paddington — a town for 8,000 people.

The site was already occupied though, by the Paddington Goods Yard — for this was still the era of cargo deliveries to the centre of London by railway.

While the current office blocks occupy land that was railway, Kadleigh’s proposals would have floated above them. Making use of otherwise empty space in a manner that is increasingly being looked at again today.


As is often the case, hindsight is a wonderful thing, and from a railway perspective, Kadleigh’s scheme would have been the better one. As it is, the Paddington Goods Yard closed in the early 1980s and has since been built over by the Paddington Waterside development.

Had Kadleigh’s High Paddington been built, then there is a reasonable chance that the railway siding would still be there underneath the towers, and offering considerable overflow capacity for the passenger station next door.

However, back to 1952, and Kadleigh showed off his scheme for a “town above the railway” to the Royal Society of Arts, and presented a model of the development.

The plan was for the three tower blocks to house 8,000 people on 20 acres of land, surrounded by 100 acres of open park. The intention was to show how its possible to deliver decent high density housing in a city without the urban sprawl that planners were concerned about at the time.

The podium would have contained several floors of offices and facilities, and then above that stood the towers and a public space.

The three towers would have risen to some 400 feet in the sky, and the tops would have sat some 500 feet above sea level — described at the time as “safety above London’s smoky pall”,  for the tops were not penthouses, but facilities for the residents of this urban town — schools and a church.

Kadleigh said at the time that his idea is that if we are to keep our open spaces’ and countryside, yet at the same time provide the thousands of new houses wanted today, “we must build vertically and not horizontally”. By putting up this building over a goods yard, he said that “it could accommodate thousands of people from neighboring slum dwellings which could, then be pulled down and redesigned properly”

However, his views of urban living in high-rise apartments were already starting to fade from fashion. 

The trade magazine, Town Planning Review was particularly scathing, noting that the development suffered from architectural poverty and had a total disregard of the social and economic conditions prevalent at the time. They warned that if built, the “lowest existing standards of behaviour amongst the tenants would determine the character of the unit as a whole”.

A prescient opinion in light of what happened to many 1960s estates which were often sadly neglected by the councils that owned them and with people unwilling to adapt to the behavioural constraints imposed by high-density urban living.

But, the High Paddington was not to be, the railway kept using it despite dwindling demand, and eventually the land was derelict for much of the 1980s until a series of cancelled redevelopments lead to the current crop of office blocks.


High Paddington: a town for 8000 people. 1952

The Ottawa Journal, Nov 7th 1952

Town Planning Review, Volume 23, Issue 4

Planning Perspectives, April 2006

The Monthly Record, February 1959

The Children’s Newspaper, November 28th 1953

The Engineer, January 9th 1953

Ark 16 : The Journal of the Royal College of Art


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Article last updated: 13 May 2020 20:16


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  1. Teresa Stokes says:

    This is very intersting, as I live in Orsett Terrace and have watched the current development from the old Goods Yard growing up before my eyes over the last decade. in the 1980s it was the City of Westminster Car Pound. Orsett Terrace is just north of the Trinity church on the left of your aerial photo, which has now been pulled down and replaced by flats called Trinity Court. Interesting to see area number 28 empty in the photo, and designated as Parks. Originally farmland called the Hall Field, it was built into stucco terraces like the rest of Bayswater. Badly bombed in the war and your photo shows the space all cleared, shortly before it was rebuilt as social housing, the Hallfield Estate. I should have much preferred it if the Hallfield Estate had never been built and a nice big park put there instead!

  2. george says:

    And that’s why is compulsory reading!

  3. LadyBracknell says:

    The problem with the sixties’ high rise developments was not so much the concept as the actual building. Many of these were ‘system built’, which led to cold homes filled with condensation and mould. Archive footage of the time demonstrates that many of the new residents were happy to leave behind slum dwellings for homes that had central heating and inside ‘conveniences’.

    However, I think that if built, it would almost certainly have been demolished long ago and the idea of such social housing today along the lines envisaged, is nothing more than a utopian dream set against the new reality of ‘poor doors’ and the ever dwindling accommodation for the low wage earner.

  4. Sykobee says:

    If this had been built, it surely would have been listed at some point, and thus never pulled down. OTOH a major renovation would have made these into £1m apartments. The hexagonal pattern design space would be open to a wide range of hipster popups and social space enterprises, or whatever the terminology is. And yes, there would have been a massively larger station space underneath, although more likely it would have been turned into a variety of night clubs and craft beer vaults.

  5. lynb says:

    Fascinating article, it must take Ian ages to compile all this information. Most people want to live in a nice house with privacy and autonomy and to come and go as they please. The problem with flats, especially poor quality ones is that you are subject to what the neighbours do. There is often poor soundproofing and little privacy even for intimate moments, bodily functions,conversations etc. It makes for difficult, stressful living especially if the neighbours are antisocial. 8k people living in 3 towers would have been a nightmare to police, and litter and other rubbish would have accumulated as I doubt that there would have been much in the way of street cleaners. Looks good on paper but not in reality.

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