Earlier this week, the trains on the Northern City Line started carrying passengers using a new signalling system, which should reduce delays on journeys between Finsbury Park and Moorgate.
The new system, the European Train Control System (ETCS), allows Network Rail to remove lineside signalling and put all that information on a display screen inside the train cabs instead. Not only does that reduce the cost of a signalling system as there’s less hardware, but there’s also a reduction in maintenance costs, as there are no longer any signals to maintain.
The old system caused around 9 hours of delays over the year due to being antiquated and harder to maintain, so was in need to updating, and it was decided to include it in a wider upgrade project for UK railway signalling.
The first section to go live, after a lot of testing, was the tunnels between Moorgate and Finsbury Park stations, but the upgrade is already being rolled out along the East Coast Mainline up to north of Peterborough, and will eventually replace all signalling in the UK.
Drivers using digital ETCS aren’t told to stop and go by fixed signals at the side of the track. Instead, they drive according to a target speed set by the system in their cab that is kept continually updated about the location of other trains by a multitude of beacons positioned along the track. The system effectively allows drivers to ‘see’ much further ahead than line-of-sight signals would ever allow, meaning trains can run more efficiently.
The technology also allows gentler braking, meaning journeys are smoother and use less energy.
Installation of ETCS on the Northern City Line has been in development since 2020, and has, until now, been tested only on trains out of passenger hours. Now that testing had been completed, the first passenger carrying train to use ETCS in the tunnels ran on Monday morning.
Progressively, more trains will operate with digital signalling, as more of the 250 Great Northern drivers are trained to use the technology. Traditional signals will be kept at the side of the track until everyone is trained and the old system can be switched off and the redundant equipment removed.
Oliver Turner, Head of ERTMS for GTR said: “I’m delighted for our team and I’m delighted for our passengers. Getting to this point has been a monumental cross-industry effort. It will pave the way for the wider rollout of digital signalling on the East Coast Main Line, promising better reliability for everybody.”
The next phase of the ECDP upgrade will see digital signalling introduced between Welwyn Garden City and Hitchin, on the East Coast Mainline. The first digitally signalled trains are expected to operate on this section of the route by the end of 2025.