A train that hasn’t been seen on the London Underground since 1971 could make a return if plans to restore a collection of Q-Stock carriages can be completed.
Q stock trains first ran on the District line eighty years ago in 1938. For more than 30 years they carried people through key moments in London’s history – from the dark years of the Second World War, through the post-war years of austerity to the swinging sixties.
The London Transport Museum and its volunteers have been working on the restoration for several years, but are now launching a £200,000 fundraising campaign to finish the final steps.
When completed, each restored carriage will tell a different story from the Q stock’s long history, and the aim is for the restored cars to run on heritage services.
The Q stock trains also represented an experimental era of pre-war modernisation on the Underground – particularly the District line, which enters its 150th year in December 2018.
Unlike modern London Underground trains made up of identical carriages, Q stock trains were formed of a combination of sleek new cars, purpose-built in 1938 to run alongside a range of older American-style cars dating as far back as 1923.
Passengers never knew what formation would pull into their platform.
Q stock were the last London Underground trains built in this way, making the three surviving 1930s cars a rare and distinctive part of London’s transport heritage.
The interiors of the last three 1930s Q stock cars will be restored to reflect different moments from their long history running on the tracks. One car will explore life in wartime London, sharing the story of evacuation in 1939 which Q stock trains aided. The second will reflect life during the rebuilding of London in the 1940s. The third will illustrate the growing optimism and prosperity of the 1950s.
Running together, the different Q stock cars revealed the evolution of train design on the London Underground. The Q stock car built in 1935 is the last-surviving train car in Britain to have been built with a classic American-style raised roof, known as a clerestory. This design was first brought to Britain in 1875 by American engineer George Mortimer Pullman. This car also has a first-class section, last in use on Underground services in 1941.
In contrast, the Q stock cars built in 1938 have smooth, curved roofs. They also have sleek, flared sides, a radical styling unique to the 1930s. The design of these newer cars represents an experimental pre-war period of modernisation ushered in by the establishment of the London Passenger Transport Board in 1933.
Work on the interiors of the cars has already begun, thanks to London Transport Museum Friends and a legacy left by the late Bob Greenaway who served for 35 years with London Underground.
Volunteers are helping to get the train back into working condition at London Transport Museum’s depot in Acton.
But £200,000 is still needed to complete the restoration:
- £5 will light up one of 250 1930s fluted lampshades.
- £15 will decorate the cars with a reproduction poster from the 1930s to 1960s.
- £50 will fit a panel of original lacewood along the interior walls of the cars.
- £100 will help paint the cars in their classic train red, cerulean blue or gold.
- £330 will cover a seat with moquette in a vintage design.
- £8,000 to repair one air compressor needed to power up the doors and breaks of the cars. Two compressors need repairing.
- £25,000 to overhaul the mechanical engineering of a brake van to safely slow and stop the cars once up and running. Two brake vans require restoration.
More details and the fundraising page is here.