A list of Monarchs by marriage

One of the many historic modifications of the TV series, The Tudors is that Henry VIII is shown as a comparatively young man when divorcing Catherine of Aragon, when in fact he was in his forties.

Likewise, it was not that uncommon for older monarchs to be married off to quite young women if needing a replacement queen after the previous model had been inconvenient enough to drop dead.

Here is a list of Monarchs, and their comparative ages when getting married.

 

KingConsortYear of marriageAge diff.
NameAge when wedNameAge when wed

Æthelwulf?Osburh?851(?)?
50(?)Judith of Flanders1285638
Æthelbald24Judith of Flanders1485810
Æthelberht
Æthelred?Wulfthryth????
Alfred the Great19Ealhswith168683
Edward the Elder19Ecgwynn?893?
28Aelffaed?902?
31Eadgifu of Kent?905?
Æthelstan
Edmund
the Magnificent
Ælfgifu of Shaftesbury
22Æthelflæd of Damerham?944?
Eadred
EadwigÆlfgifu?955(?)?
Edgar the Peaceful17Æthelflæd?960?
21Ælfthryth199642
Edward the Martyr
Æthelred the Unready23Ælfgifu of York219912
34Emma of Normandy17100217
Sweyn
Forkbeard
Gunhild of Wenden?990?
Sigrid the Haughty?1000?
Edmund
Ironside
Edith of East Anglia???
Cnut18Aelfgifu of Northampton?1013(?)?
22Emma of Normandy?1017?
Harold
Harefoot
Ælfgifu???
Harthacnut
Edward the Confessor42Edith of Wessex20104522
Harold Godwinson24Edith Swannesha191044(?)5
42Ealdgyth?1064?
William I25Matilda of Flanders2210533
William II
Henry I32Matilda of Scotland20110012
53Adeliza of Louvain18112135
Stephen29Matilda of Boulogne2011259
Henry II19Eleanor of Aquitaine301152-11
Henry the Young King5Margaret of France311602
Richard I34Berengaria of Navarre2611918
John23Isabel of Gloucester1611897
34Isabella of Angoulême12120022
Henry III29Eleanor of Provence13123616
Edward I15Eleanor of Castile1312542
60Margaret of France20129940
Edward II24Isabella of France13130811
Edward III16Philippa of Hainault1413282
Richard II15Anne of Bohemia161382-1
29Isabella of Valois7139622
Henry IV14Mary de Bohun1213802
37Joanna of Navarre3314034
Henry V34Catherine of Valois19142015
Henry VI24Margaret of Anjou1514459
Edward IV22Elizabeth Woodville271464-5
Edward V
Richard III20Anne Neville1614724
Henry VII29Elizabeth of York2014869
Henry VIII18Catherine of Aragon241509-6
42Anne Boleyn32153310
45Jane Seymour28153617
49Anne of Cleves25154024
49Catherine Howard19154030
52Catherine Parr31154321
Edward VI
Mary I38Philip II of Spain27155411
Elizabeth I
James I23Anne of Denmark1515898
Charles I25Henrietta Maria of France1616259
Charles II32Catherine of Braganza2416628
James II27Anne Hyde2216605
40Mary of Modena15167325
Mary II15William III271677-12
William III27Mary II15167712
Anne18George of Denmark301683-12
George I22Sophia Dorothea of Brunswick-Lueneburg-Celle1616826
George II22Caroline of Ansbach2217050
George III23Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz1717616
George IV23Maria Anne Fitzherbert291785-6
33Caroline of Brunswick2717956
William IV53Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen26181827
Victoria21Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha2118400
Edward VII22Alexandra of Denmark1918633
George V28Mary of Teck2618932
Edward VIII43Wallis Warfield Simpson4119372
George VI28Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon2319235
Elizabeth II21Philip of Greece and Denmark261947-5

 
Date date largely via Wikipedia

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5 comments on “A list of Monarchs by marriage
  1. Mark says:

    So, Edward I wears the crown for biggest age gap, just beating out Aethelwulf (who?!). Certainly a fact worth slipping in, say, to the half-time conversation during tomorrow’s England-Italy match!

  2. Sean Darrow says:

    Gee – half the Monarchs of England/Britain are paedophiles! Ironic to have child abuse as today’s worst crime, and yet we happily erect statues to child abusers.

    • IanVisits says:

      The majority of people in medieval Europe were paedophiles by our modern standards – to be unmarried at 16 was unusual.

  3. Sarah says:

    I think the one that made me raise my eyebrows was the marriage between Henry the Young King and Margaret of France, aged 5 and 3 respectively.

  4. Julian Tysoe says:

    Well, Henry the Young King and Margaret of France were only betrothed at that age, they didn’t actually marry until he was 17 and she was 14.

    I think Henry the Young King deserves an article of his own.

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