All British Historical Anniversaries in November 2020

I often wonder what significant anniversaries are due at some point in the future as some of them might be of interest as triggers for blog posts or visits somewhere. However, it is often difficult to find out quickly what events have significant anniversaries - hence this section on the website.

By "significant anniversaries", I mean dates that are not, for example, the 73rd anniversary of something, but the 50th, 100th, 200th etc.

It should help to flag up interesting events.

Anniversaries during November 2020

Note: This page lists ALL anniversaries, not just the key dates.
For that more useful list, click here.

2nd Doctors are able to prescribe cannabis products to patients in England, Wales and Scotland. (1st Nov 2018)
416th William Shakespeare's tragedy Othello is presented for the first time, at Whitehall Palace in London. (1st Nov 1604)
409th William Shakespeare's romantic comedy The Tempest is presented for the first time, at Whitehall Palace in London. (1st Nov 1611)
332nd William III of Orange sets a second time from Hellevoetsluis in the Netherlands to liberate England, Scotland and Ireland from the tyrannical King James II of England during the Glorious Revolution. (1st Nov 1688)
255th The British Parliament enacts the Stamp Act on the 13 colonies in order to help pay for British military operations in North America. (1st Nov 1765)
5th A temperature of 22.4??C is recorded in Trawsgoed, Ceredigion in Wales, making it the warmest November day on record in the UK, breaking the previous record set nearly seventy years ago. (1st Nov 2015)
8th The Comet retail chain is going into administration after private equity firm OpCapita failed to revive the business. (1st Nov 2012)
55th Three cooling towers at the uncompleted Ferrybridge C electricity generating station in West Yorkshire collapse in high winds (1st Nov 1965)
74th First Royal Command Performance at a public cinema, the Empire, Leicester Square: premiere of the Powell and Pressburger film A Matter of Life and Death starring David Niven. (1st Nov 1946)
1st Following a report from the Oil and Gas Authority, the government calls a halt to all fracking in the UK "with immediate effect" and warns shale gas companies that it will not support future projects. (1st Nov 2019)
103rd The Balfour Declaration proclaims British support for the "establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people" with the clear understanding "that nothing shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities". (2nd Nov 1917)
84th The BBC initiates the BBC Television Service, the world's first regular, "high-definition" (then defined as at least 200 lines) service. (2nd Nov 1936)
61st The first section of the M1 motorway, the first inter-urban motorway in the United Kingdom, is opened between the present junctions 5 and 18, along with the M10 motorway and M45 motorway (2nd Nov 1959)
60th Penguin Books is found not guilty of obscenity in the Lady Chatterley's Lover case (2nd Nov 1960)
67th The Samaritans telephone counselling service for the suicidal is started by Rev. Chad Varah in London. (2nd Nov 1953)
56th ITV soap opera Crossroads airs for the first time. (2nd Nov 1964)
66th Radio comedy series Hancock's Half Hour first aired. (2nd Nov 1954)
96th The Sunday Express becomes the first newspaper to publish a crossword. (2nd Nov 1924)
156th HMS Victoria, the Royal Navys last, largest and fastest wooden first-rate three-decker ship of the line to see sea service, enters active service. (2nd Nov 1864)
95th Eigiau Dam disaster kills seventeen in the North Wales village of Dolgarrog. (2nd Nov 1925)
12th Lewis Hamilton became the youngest ever Formula One World Champion. (2nd Nov 2008)
237th John Austin, a highwayman, is the last person to be publicly hanged at London's Tyburn gallows. (3rd Nov 1783)
519th Catherine of Aragon (later Henry VIII's first wife) meets Arthur Tudor, Henry VIII's older brother - they would later marry. (3rd Nov 1501)
205th Sir Humphry Davy announces his discovery of the Davy lamp as a coal mining safety lamp. (3rd Nov 1815)
42nd Dominica gains its independence from the United Kingdom. (3rd Nov 1978)
343rd The future Mary II of England marries William, Prince of Orange. They would later jointly reign as William and Mary. (4th Nov 1677)
181st The Newport Rising: the last large-scale armed rebellion against authority in mainland Britain. (4th Nov 1839)
130th City & South London Railway: London's first deep-level tube railway opens between King William Street and Stockwell. (4th Nov 1890)
98th In Egypt, British archaeologist Howard Carter and his men find the entrance to Pharaoh Tutankhamun's tomb in the Valley of the Kings. (4th Nov 1922)
85th Opening of Hornsey Town Hall, London, designed by Reginald Uren, the first major UK building in the International style. (4th Nov 1935)
404th Prince Charles, the 15-year-old surviving son of King James and Anne of Denmark, is invested as Prince of Wales at Whitehall, the last such investiture until 1911. (4th Nov 1616)
9th Seven people died and dozens were injured after 34 vehicles collided ? many bursting into flames ? on the M5 motorway near Taunton in Somerset. 7 people died and 51 were injured. (4th Nov 2011)
42nd Many British bakeries impose bread rationing after a baker's strike led to panic buying of bread. (4th Nov 1978)
17th Channel 4's soap opera Brookside, on air since the station was launched in 1982, ends after 21 years. (4th Nov 2003)
16th A referendum is held in North East England on the establishment of elected regional assemblies. The majority of voters said "no" to the plans. (4th Nov 2004)
11th Granada Television begins the process of digital switchover. (4th Nov 2009)
415th Gunpowder Plot: A conspiracy led by Robert Catesby to blow up the English Houses of Parliament is thwarted when Sir Thomas Knyvet, a justice of the peace, finds Guy Fawkes in a cellar below the House of Lords. (5th Nov 1605)
332nd The Glorious Revolution begins: William of Orange lands at Brixham. (5th Nov 1688)
63rd The Hither Green rail crash in the United Kingdom kills 49 people. Survivors include Robin Gibb of the Bee Gees. (5th Nov 1957)
85th First flight of the Hawker Hurricane. (5th Nov 1935)
3rd A huge new leak of documents known as the Paradise Papers is reported by the BBC's Panorama programme, revealing how the wealthy and powerful, including the Queen's private estate, invest offshore. (5th Nov 2017)
97th North Acton and West Acton tube stations on the Central Line open. (5th Nov 1923)
106th Britain annexes Cyprus and declares war on the Ottoman Empire. (5th Nov 1914)
64th Long-running television programme What the Papers Say airs for the first time. (5th Nov 1956)
1st Mothercare collapses into administration, putting 2,500 UK jobs at risk. (5th Nov 2019)
14th 53 year old Ronald Castree arrested in connection with the murder of eleven year old Lesley Molseed in 1975. Stefan Kiszko had spent 16 years in jail for the crime before his conviction was quashed in 1992. Castree would be convicted of the crime in November 2007. (5th Nov 2006)
2nd Renewable energy capacity overtakes that of fossil fuels in the UK for the first time, at 41.9 gigawatts. (6th Nov 2018)
45th The first public performance by punk rock band the Sex Pistols took place. (6th Nov 1975)
85th Maiden flight of the RAF's Hawker Hurricane fighter aircraft. (6th Nov 1935)
16th Ufton Nervet rail crash: Seven people are killed when a train is derailed by a car deliberately left on a level crossing in Berkshire. (6th Nov 2004)
401st Elizabeth of Scotland and England is crowned Queen of Bohemia. (7th Nov 1619)
355th The London Gazette, the oldest surviving journal, is first published. (7th Nov 1665)
103rd World War I: Third Battle of Gaza ends: British forces capture Gaza from the Ottoman Empire. (7th Nov 1917)
418th The Bodleian Library at Oxford University is opened to the public. (7th Nov 1602)
3rd Nicola Sturgeon, Scotland's First Minister, apologises to gay men convicted of sexual offences that are no longer illegal as new legislation is introduced that will automatically pardon gay and bisexual men convicted under historical laws. (7th Nov 2017)
46th Lord Lucan disappears after the murder of his children's nanny. (7th Nov 1974)
14th Dhiren Barot sentenced to life imprisonment for plotting large scale terrorist attacks in Britain and abroad. The Court of Appeal noted that Barot's "businesslike" plans would have caused carnage on a "colossal and unprecedented scale" if they had been successful. (7th Nov 2006)
275th Charles Edward Stuart invades England with an army of ~5000 that would later participate in the Battle of Culloden. (8th Nov 1745)
78th World War II: Operation Torch - United States and United Kingdom forces land in French North Africa. (8th Nov 1942)
63rd Operation Grapple X, Round C1: Britain conducts its first successful hydrogen bomb test over Kiritimati in the Pacific. (8th Nov 1957)
55th The British Indian Ocean Territory is created, consisting of Chagos Archipelago, Aldabra, Farquhar and Des Roches islands. (8th Nov 1965)
55th The Murder (Abolition of Death Penalty) Act 1965 is given Royal Assent, formally abolishing the death penalty in the United Kingdom. (8th Nov 1965)
47th The Second Cod War between Britain and Iceland ends. (8th Nov 1973)
132nd Joseph Assheton Fincher files a patent for the parlour game which he calls "Tiddledy-Winks" (8th Nov 1888)
55th The Murder (Abolition of Death Penalty) Act suspends capital punishment for murder in England, Scotland and Wales, for five years in the first instance, replacing it with a mandatory sentence of life imprisonment. (8th Nov 1965)
528th Peace of Etaples between Henry VII and Charles VIII. (9th Nov 1492)
332nd The Glorious Revolution: William of Orange captures Exeter. (9th Nov 1688)
291st Spain, France and Great Britain sign the Treaty of Seville. (9th Nov 1729)
132nd Jack the Ripper kills Mary Jane Kelly, his last known victim. (9th Nov 1888)
113th The Cullinan Diamond is presented to King Edward VII on his birthday. (9th Nov 1907)
56th House of Commons votes to abolish the death penalty for murder in Britain. The last execution took place in August and the death penalty is set to be officially abolished before the end of next year. (9th Nov 1964)
64th At the Lord Mayor's Show in London, the first Routemaster forms part of the procession, advertised as "London's Bus Of The Future". (9th Nov 1956)
74th Shooting of Margaret Cook in Carnaby Street, London. (9th Nov 1946)
92nd Radclyffe Hall's novel The Well of Loneliness (published on 27 July by Jonathan Cape in London) is tried and convicted on the grounds of obscenity due to its theme of lesbian love, following a campaign by James Douglas in the Sunday Express newspaper. (9th Nov 1928)
102nd British battleship HMS Britannia is sunk by a German submarine off Trafalgar with the loss of around fifty lives, the last major naval engagement of World War I. (9th Nov 1918)
19th Debut of the film Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone in London. (9th Nov 2001)
346th As provided in the Treaty of Westminster, Netherlands cedes New Netherlands to England. (10th Nov 1674)
5th Storm Abigail is the first storm to be officially named by the Met Office. It leaves many travel services disrupted, schools closed, and 20,000 homes without power. (10th Nov 2015)
74th Peter Scott opens the Slimbridge Wetland Reserve in Gloucestershire. (10th Nov 1946)
296th Joseph Blake, alias Blueskin, a highwayman known for attacking "Thief-Taker General" (and thief) Jonathan Wild at the Old Bailey, is hanged in London. (11th Nov 1724)
102nd Germany signs an armistice agreement with the Allies in a railroad car in the forest of Compiègne, France. The fighting officially ends at 11am. The war officially ends on the signing of the Treaty of Versailles on June 28th 1919. (11th Nov 1918)
80th The Royal Navy launches the first aircraft carrier strike in history, on the Italian fleet at Taranto. (11th Nov 1940)
67th Current affairs series Panorama first airs on BBC Television. (11th Nov 1953)
77th Regency Act is passed allowing Counsellors of State absent during the Sovereign's absence not to be listed among the appointments; and that the heir-apparent or presumptive to the Throne need only to be eighteen to be a Counsellor. (11th Nov 1943)
332nd A Benedictine convent in Clerkenwell is destroyed by an anti-Catholic mob during the revolt against King James II. (11th Nov 1688)
6th The last ceramic poppy is laid at the Tower of London memorial art installation and joins the 888,245 flowers commemorating the armistice and centenary of World War I. (11th Nov 2014)
46th The New Covent Garden Market in Nine Elms was opened. (11th Nov 1974)
74th Stevenage is designated by the government as Britain's first new town to relieve overcrowding and replace bombed homes in London. (11th Nov 1946)
10th The government unveils plans for the biggest shake up of the welfare system since the 1940s. (11th Nov 2010)
77th Total evacuation of an area near Portmahomack in Scotland begins, to make way for rehearsal of the Normandy Landings. (11th Nov 1943)
581st Plymouth, England, becomes the first town incorporated by the English Parliament. (12th Nov 1439)
465th The English Parliament re-establishes Catholicism. (12th Nov 1555)
173rd Sir James Young Simpson, a British physician, is the first to use chloroform as an anaesthetic. (12th Nov 1847)
87th Hugh Gray takes the first known photos of the Loch Ness Monster. (12th Nov 1933)
76th The Royal Air Force launches 29 Avro Lancaster bombers in one of the most successful precision bombing attacks of war and sinks the German battleship Tirpitz, with 12,000 lb Tallboy bombs off Tromsø, Norway. (12th Nov 1944)
47th Miners began overtime ban; ambulance drivers began selective strikes. (12th Nov 1973)
47th Television sitcom Last of the Summer Wine began its first series run on BBC One. (12th Nov 1973)
77th Total evacuation of part of the South Hams of Devon begins, to make way for rehearsal of the Normandy Landings. (12th Nov 1943)
46th A large salmon is caught in the Thames the first time that such a fish had been caught in the river since 1834. (12th Nov 1974)
84th Alan Turing's paper "On Computable Numbers" is formally presented to the London Mathematical Society, introducing the concept of the "Turing machine". (12th Nov 1936)
804th Marshal and the papal legate to England, Guala Bicchieri, issue a Charter of Liberties, based on the Magna Carta, in the King's name from Bristol. (12th Nov 1216)
1018th English king Æthelred II orders the killing of all Danes in England, known today as the St. Brice's Day massacre. (13th Nov 1002)
378th First English Civil War: Battle of Turnham Green - the Royalist forces withdraw in the face of the Parliamentarian army and fail to take London. (13th Nov 1642)
133rd Bloody Sunday clashes in central London. (13th Nov 1887)
119th The 1901 Caister Lifeboat Disaster. (13th Nov 1901)
79th The aircraft carrier HMS Ark Royal is torpedoed by U-81, sinking the following day. (13th Nov 1941)
66th Great Britain defeats France to capture the first ever Rugby League World Cup in Paris in front of around 30,000 spectators. (13th Nov 1954)
87th Northwood Hills tube station on London Underground Metropolitan Line opens. (13th Nov 1933)
378th The Battle of Turnham Green (13th Nov 1642)
55th The word "fuck" is spoken for the first time on British television by the theatre critic Kenneth Tynan. (13th Nov 1965)
15th Andrew Stimpson, a 25-year-old man from Scotland, is reported as the first person proven to have been "cured" of HIV. (13th Nov 2005)
98th The BBC begins radio service in the United Kingdom. (14th Nov 1922)
80th World War II: In England, the city of Coventry is heavily bombed by German Luftwaffe bombers. Coventry Cathedral is almost completely destroyed. (14th Nov 1940)
68th The first regular UK singles chart published by the New Musical Express. (14th Nov 1952)
147th In the United Kingdom, Princess Anne marries Captain Mark Phillips, in Westminster Abbey. (14th Nov 1873)
6th Former BBC DJ Chris Denning pleads guilty to further sexual abuse of boys aged nine to sixteen during the 1970s, and 1980s. (14th Nov 2014)
305th Government forces defeat a Jacobite incursion at the conclusion of a five-day siege and action, the last battle fought on English soil. (14th Nov 1715)
404th Sir Edward Coke is dismissed as Chief Justice of the King's Bench by royal prerogative. (14th Nov 1616)
102nd Labour Party leaves the wartime coalition government. (14th Nov 1918)
13th Full rollout of UK digital terrestrial television switchover began with complete turning off of the analogue signal to the Whitehaven area. (14th Nov 2007)
505th Thomas Wolsey is invested as a Cardinal (15th Nov 1515)
4th The second phase of the high-speed rail line HS2 is confirmed by the government, with lines running from Crewe to Manchester and the West Midlands to Leeds. (15th Nov 2016)
92nd the Mary Stanford life-boat capsizes on service in Rye Harbour: all 17 crew lost. (15th Nov 1928)
102nd first released British prisoners of war reach Calais. (15th Nov 1918)
152nd general election, the first under the extended franchise of the Reform Act 1867: Liberal Party victorious. (15th Nov 1868)
18th Moors murderer Myra Hindley dies in West Suffolk Hospital at the age of 60 after being hospitalised with a heart attack. She was in the 37th year of her life sentence and had spent the last decade attempting to gain parole, having been told by no less than four Home Secretaries that she would have to spend the rest of her life in prison, having previously increased her minimum term from 25 to 30 years during the 1980s, and then to a whole life tariff in 1990. Media sources report that the Home Office will soon be stripped of its power to set minimum terms for life sentence prisoners, and Hindley had been widely expected to gain parole in the near future as a result. (15th Nov 2002)
168th The English astronomer John Russell Hind discovers the asteroid 22 Kalliope. (16th Nov 1852)
163rd Second relief of Lucknow - twenty-four Victoria Crosses are awarded, the most in a single day. (16th Nov 1857)
113th Cunard Line's RMS Mauretania, sister ship of RMS Lusitania, sets sail on her maiden voyage from Liverpool, England to New York City. (16th Nov 1907)
6th A case of bird flu is confirmed at a duck breeding farm in Yorkshire. The deadly H5N1 strain is ruled out and officials say that the risk to public health is low. (16th Nov 2014)
54th The BBC television drama Cathy Come Home, filmed in a docudrama style, is broadcast on BBC1. Viewed by a quarter of the British population, it is considered influential on public attitudes to homelessness and the related social issues it deals with. (16th Nov 1966)
44th The seven perpetrators of an £8 million van robbery at the Bank of America in Mayfair are sentenced to a total of 100 years in jail. (16th Nov 1976)
9th Unemployment rose to more than 2,600,000 (the highest level since 1994) during September. Sir Mervyn King, governor of the Bank of England, warned that the UK is now at a great risk from the Eurozone debt crisis. Youth unemployment has now passed the 1,000,000 mark for the first time since 1986. (16th Nov 2011)
10th The UK Government is to pay millions of pounds in compensation to around a dozen British citizens who were held in detention overseas, including the camp at Guantanamo Bay, and claim British security services colluded in their torture. (16th Nov 2010)
1st Prince Andrew, Duke of York, in a TV interview with Emily Maitlis, denies having sex with Virginia Roberts (now Virginia Giuffre) when she was a teenager, and expresses regret at having met convicted child sex offender Jeffrey Epstein in 2010. He is widely criticised for the interview. (16th Nov 2019)
2nd Thousands of protesters block the five main bridges over the River Thames in central London as part of "Extinction Rebellion", a campaign to raise awareness of climate change and biodiversity loss. (17th Nov 2018)
509th Spain and England ally against France. (17th Nov 1511)
462nd Elizabethan era begins: Queen Mary I of England dies and is succeeded by her half-sister Elizabeth I of England. (17th Nov 1558)
417th English explorer, writer and courtier Sir Walter Raleigh goes on trial for treason. (17th Nov 1603)
101st King George V of the United Kingdom proclaims Armistice Day (later Remembrance Day). The idea is first suggested by Edward George Honey. (17th Nov 1919)
52nd British European Airways introduces the BAC One-Eleven into commercial service. (17th Nov 1968)
4th Tornadoes affect parts of The Midlands and Wales, causing some damage. (17th Nov 2016)
6th Band Aid 30 release their cover of the track "Do They Know It's Christmas?", thirty years after the original, this time to raise money towards the Ebola crisis in Western Africa. (17th Nov 2014)
107th West Harrow tube station opens on the Metropolitan Line. (17th Nov 1913)
97th Northern Line extension between Golders Green and Hendon Central opens (17th Nov 1923)
106th Announcement that income tax is to be doubled as a result of the War. (17th Nov 1914)
9th The UK Government sold the Northern Rock Bank ? which was nationalised in 2008 ? to Virgin Money for ?747m. (17th Nov 2011)
74th Eight British Army servicemen are killed in Jerusalem by Jewish terrorists. (17th Nov 1946)
226th The United States and the Kingdom of Great Britain sign Jay's Treaty, which attempts to resolve some of the lingering problems left over from the American Revolutionary War. (18th Nov 1794)
57th The Dartford Tunnel opens. (18th Nov 1963)
5th Energy Secretary Amber Rudd proposes that the UK's coal plants should be phased out by 2025. (18th Nov 2015)
52nd James Watt Street fire: A warehouse fire in Glasgow kills 22. (18th Nov 1968)
17th Passage of the Local Government Act 2003 including the repeal in England, Northern Ireland and Wales of controversial Section 28 of the Local Government Act 1988 which prevented local authorities from "promoting homosexuality". Section 28 had already been repealed in Scotland since 2000. (18th Nov 2003)
16th Parliament passes the Hunting Act 2004 banning fox hunting in England and Wales. (18th Nov 2004)
109th The Doom Bar in Cornwall claimed two ships, Island Maid and Angele, the latter killing the entire crew except the captain. (19th Nov 1911)
73rd George VI of the United Kingdom creates Philip Mountbatten the Duke of Edinburgh in preparation for his wedding to George's elder daughter, Princess Elizabeth, the next day (19th Nov 1947)
73rd The Princess Elizabeth marries Lieutenant Philip Mountbatten at Westminster Abbey in London. (19th Nov 1947)
6th The Scottish Parliament elects Nicola Sturgeon as the first female First Minister of Scotland. (19th Nov 2014)
7th The General Synod of the Church of England votes in favour of legislation to allow the ordination of women as bishops by 2014. (20th Nov 2013)
8th A typewriter which its makers say is the last to be built in the UK has been produced at a North Wales factory. (20th Nov 2012)
65th Milton rail crash: an excursion train takes a crossover too fast and derails at Milton, near Didcot: 11 killed, 157 injured. (20th Nov 1955)
102nd U-boats start to rendezvous off Harwich to begin the surrender of the High Seas Fleet to the Royal Navy; in the following week the German warships are escorted to internment in Scapa Flow. (20th Nov 1918)
748th Following Henry III of England's death on November 16, his son Prince Edward becomes King of England. (21st Nov 1272)
67th The British Natural History Museum announces that the "Piltdown Man" skull, initially believed to be one of the most important fossilized hominid skulls ever found, is a hoax. (21st Nov 1953)
46th The Birmingham Pub Bombings kill 21 people. The Birmingham Six are sentenced to life in prison for the crime but subsequently acquitted. (21st Nov 1974)
6th The launch is announced of The National, Scotland's first daily newspaper to take a pro-independence stance. (21st Nov 2014)
104th Hospital ship HMHS Britannic, designed as the third Olympic-class ocean liner for White Star Line, sinks in the Kea Channel of the Aegean Sea after hitting a mine. 30 lives are lost and, at 48,158 gross register tons, she is the largest ship lost during WW1. (21st Nov 1916)
52nd the Cyril Lord carpet business goes into receivership. (21st Nov 1968)
102nd the Parliament (Qualification of Women) Act 1918 receives Royal Assent, giving women over 21 the right to stand as a Member of Parliament. (21st Nov 1918)
302nd Off the coast of North Carolina, British pirate Edward Teach (best known as "Blackbeard") is killed in battle with a boarding party led by Royal Navy Lieutenant Robert Maynard. (22nd Nov 1718)
183rd Canadian journalist and politician William Lyon Mackenzie calls for a rebellion against Great Britain in his essay "To the People of Upper Canada", published in his newspaper The Constitution. (22nd Nov 1837)
151st In Dumbarton, Scotland, the clipper Cutty Sark is launched - one of the last clippers ever built, and the only one still surviving today. (22nd Nov 1869)
43rd British Airways inaugurates a regular London to New York City supersonic Concorde service. (22nd Nov 1977)
57th C.S. Lewis, the author most famous for the Narnia books (19501955), dies at the age of 65. However, media coverage of his death is overshadowed by the assassination of American President John F. Kennnedy. (22nd Nov 1963)
76th Release of Laurence Olivier's Henry V, the first work of Shakespeare filmed in colour. (22nd Nov 1944)
92nd following passage of the Currency and Banknotes Act on 2 July, the Bank of England resumes responsibility for issue of banknotes from HM Treasury and issues pound and (for the first time) ten shilling notes, the first to be printed in colour and on both sides. (22nd Nov 1928)
521st Pretender to the throne Perkin Warbeck is hanged for reportedly attempting to escape from the Tower of London. He had invaded England in 1497, claiming to be the lost son of King Edward IV of England. (23rd Nov 1499)
376th John Milton publishes Areopagitica, a pamphlet decrying censorship. (23rd Nov 1644)
153rd The Manchester Martyrs are hanged in Manchester, England for killing a police officer while freeing two Irish nationalists from custody. (23rd Nov 1867)
57th The BBC broadcasts the first ever episode of Doctor Who (starring William Hartnell) which is the world's longest running science fiction drama. (23rd Nov 1963)
18th The Miss World beauty competition is held in London after rioting in the Nigerian capital Lagos prevented it from being hosted there. (23rd Nov 2002)
14th Alexander Litvinenko dies in London having been poisoned by Polonium-210. (23rd Nov 2006)
478th Battle of Solway Moss: The English army defeats the Scots. (24th Nov 1542)
161st Charles Darwin publishes On the Origin of Species, the anniversary of which is sometimes called "Evolution Day" (24th Nov 1859)
81st British Overseas Airways Corporation formed by merger of Imperial Airways and British Airways Ltd. (24th Nov 1939)
62nd exhibition of computers held at Earl's Court, London; the first of its kind in the world. (24th Nov 1958)
152nd the Smithfield Meat Market opens in London. (24th Nov 1868)
17th The High Court in Glasgow imposes a minimum sentence of 27 years for Al Ali Mohmed Al Megrahi, the Libyan convicted of bombing Pan Am Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland. (24th Nov 2003)
15th The Safeway name disappears from Britain after 43 years with the rebranding of the last remaining store by its owner Morrisons, which took over the supermarket chain in March 2004. (24th Nov 2005)
986th Máel Coluim mac Cináeda, King of Scots dies. Donnchad, the son of his daughter Bethóc and Crínán of Dunkeld, inherits the throne. (25th Nov 1034)
900th The White Ship sinks in the English Channel, drowning William Adelin, son of Henry I of England. (25th Nov 1120)
317th The Great Storm of 1703, the greatest windstorm ever recorded in the southern part of Great Britain, reaches its peak intensity which it maintains through November 27. Winds gust up to 120 mph, and 9,000 people die. (25th Nov 1703)
237th The last British troops leave New York City three months after the signing of the Treaty of Paris. (25th Nov 1783)
68th Agatha Christie's murder-mystery play The Mousetrap opens at the Ambassadors Theatre in London later becoming the longest continuously-running play in history. (25th Nov 1952)
62nd the Austin FX4 London taxi goes on sale, it will remain in production until 1997. (25th Nov 1958)
215th Official opening of Thomas Telford's Pontcysyllte Aqueduct. (26th Nov 1805)
98th Howard Carter and Lord Carnarvon become the first people to enter the tomb of Pharaoh Tutankhamun in over 3000 years. (26th Nov 1922)
76th World War II: A German V-2 rocket hits a Woolworth's shop on New Cross High Street, United Kingdom, killing 168 shoppers. (26th Nov 1944)
43rd 'Vrillon', claiming to be the representative of the 'Ashtar Galactic Command', takes over Britain's Southern Television for six minutes at 5:12 PM. (26th Nov 1977)
3rd Sailors of the Royal Navy perform the Changing of the Guard ceremony in London for the first time in its history. (26th Nov 2017)
47th Peter Walker, the Secretary for Trade and Industry, warned that petrol rationing may have to be introduced in the near future as a result of the oil crisis in the Middle East which was restricting petrol supply. (26th Nov 1973)
106th HMS Bulwark is blown apart by an internal explosion at her moorings on the Medway off Kingsnorth, Kent, killing all but 9 of her 805 crew. (26th Nov 1914)
75th David Lean's film of Nol Coward's Brief Encounter starring Celia Johnson and Trevor Howard goes on general release. (26th Nov 1945)
52nd the Race Relations Act is passed, making it illegal to refuse housing, employment or public services to people in Britain because of their ethnic background. (26th Nov 1968)
18th Politicians in England and Wales lose their power to set minimum terms on life sentence prisoners after the European Court of Human Rights and the High Court both rule in favour of a legal challenge by convicted double murderer Anthony Anderson. Anderson had been sentenced to life imprisonment in 1988 and the trial judge recommended that he should serve a minimum of 15 years before being considered for parole, but the Home Secretary later decided on a 20-year minimum term. (26th Nov 2002)
17th The final Concorde flight touches down in Filton, Bristol where it is welcomed by the Duke of York. (26th Nov 2003)
725th The first elected representatives from Lancashire are called to Westminster by King Edward I to attend what later became known as "The Model Parliament". (27th Nov 1295)
317th The first Eddystone Lighthouse is destroyed in the Great Storm of 1703. (27th Nov 1703)
76th An explosion at a Royal Air Force ammunition dump at Fauld, Staffordshire kills seventy people. (27th Nov 1944)
45th The Provisional IRA assassinates Ross McWhirter, after a press conference in which McWhirter had announced a reward for the capture of those responsible for multiple bombings and shootings across England. (27th Nov 1975)
105th Government introduces legislation to restrict housing rents to their pre-war level following Glasgow rent strikes led by Mary Barbour. (27th Nov 1915)
2nd The government announces plans for the UK's first carbon capture and storage project. (28th Nov 2018)
438th In Stratford-upon-Avon, William Shakespeare and Anne Hathaway pay a £40 bond for their marriage license. (28th Nov 1582)
360th At Gresham College, 12 men, including Christopher Wren, Robert Boyle, John Wilkins, and Sir Robert Moray decide to found what is later known as the Royal Society. (28th Nov 1660)
206th The Times in London is for the first time printed by automatic, steam powered presses built by the German inventors Friedrich Koenig and Andreas Friedrich Bauer, signaling the beginning of the availability of newspapers to a mass audience. (28th Nov 1814)
101st Lady Astor is elected as a Member of the Parliament, and is the first woman to sit in the House of Commons. (Countess Markievicz, the first to be elected, refused to sit.) (28th Nov 1919)
97th Northern Line via Bank south of Moorgate closed until the following year for a tunnel widening project. (28th Nov 1923)
75th British fascist John Amery pleads guilty to treason and is immediately sentenced to hang. (28th Nov 1945)
104th First bombing of central London by a fixed-wing aircraft when a German LVG C.II biplane drops 6 bombs near Victoria station. (28th Nov 1916)
16th Wales Millennium Centre in Cardiff is opened. (28th Nov 2004)
239th The crew of the British slave ship Zong murders 133 Africans by dumping them into the sea in order to claim insurance. (29th Nov 1781)
55th Mary Whitehouse founds the National Viewers' and Listeners' Association. (29th Nov 1965)
64th Petrol rationing introduced because of petrol blockades from the Middle East due to the Suez Crisis. (29th Nov 1956)
52nd the Dawley New Town (Designation) Amendment (Telford) Order extends the boundaries of Dawley New Town in Shropshire and renames it Telford. (29th Nov 1968)
1st 2019 London Bridge incident: A mass stabbing at a London Bridge venue results in two victims killed and at least five people injured. The suspect, wearing a hoax explosive device, is shot by police and dies at the scene. The attack is considered terror-related. (29th Nov 2019)
238th In Paris, representatives from the United States and the Kingdom of Great Britain sign preliminary peace articles (later formalized as the 1783 Treaty of Paris). (30th Nov 1782)
148th The first-ever international football match takes place at Hamilton Crescent, Glasgow, between Scotland and England. (30th Nov 1872)
86th The steam locomotive Flying Scotsman becomes the first to officially exceed 100mph. (30th Nov 1934)
84th In London, the Crystal Palace is destroyed by fire. (30th Nov 1936)
127th University of Wales incorporated by Royal charter. (30th Nov 1893)
42nd An industrial dispute closes down The Times newspaper (until 12 November 1979). (30th Nov 1978)
52nd the Trade Descriptions Act comes into force, preventing shops and traders from describing goods in a misleading way. (30th Nov 1968)


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