If you inherit a company from your dad, and build it up to become the world’s largest tea trading business, you might be inclined to start collecting things as you travel around.

Such a person was Frederick John Horniman who had a passion for collecting and needing somewhere to display them, but also being civic minded, he built his own museum in South London’s Forest Hill. Commissioned in 1898 he donated the museum to London County Council in 1901 for use by the people of London.

And it is still there today, acting less as a museum of local history than a smaller version of the huge South Kensington museums and thus making it easier for locals to get a dose of a “scientific museum” without having to travel far.

I used to live in Forest Hill and visited often, but to my shame hadn’t been back since its refurbishment in 2002.

All good museums need an icon – whether it is the dinosaur in the main hall of the Natural History Museum, the jar of pickled moles in the Grant Museum or the giant skeleton in the Huntarian – all have something famous.

The Horniman Museum is no exception. It has a giant stuffed walrus sitting proudly in the centre of their main exhibition hall.

Stuffed walrus

Scientifically, it’s quite a poor specimen, as the person who stuffed it hadn’t seen such a creature before so it lacks many of the details that a live animal has, such as folds in the skin. But it is held in great affection despite – or maybe because  – of its imperfections, and being such a damn big thing dominating the room.

One thing that the museum used to have prior to closure and seemed to have lost though was a smell – a very distinctive not-quite-musty smell that reminded me very much of my old ex-grammar school. I guess refurbishments and cleaning things will tend to lose that, alas.

Cleaned air aside, the main hall retains the display cases that make it such a popular museum – rows upon rows of stuffed animals, mainly birds, but mammals and even some elephant skeletons.

Main hall

Today’s fundamentalist Christians might be dismayed by the number of displays devoted to evolution, but at the time the museum opened, evolution was strongly supported by the English Church, and these displays wouldn’t have raised even a religious eyebrow in concern.

Upstairs, running around the gallery are displays of fossils and more stuffed smaller animals for inspection.

Not a Damien Hurst

This is very much a museum of its age – lots of stuffed animals that you would never get away with today, big wooden display cases and small signs explaining what things are. The children seemed to be having a great time as well, proving that museums don’t need whiz-bang special effects to pull in the visitors.

Most of the museum is free to visit, but in the basement lies the aquariums, which cost a mere £2 to have a look at. Do pay in advance when you walk into the museum, as they don’t sell tickets down there. Not a huge watery exhibit, but worth the low price of admission, and the price sort of includes the whole museum if you look at it that way. Which I do.


Three other rooms are devoted to Ethnography, Musical Instruments and the “Centenary Gallery” of eclectic goodies that don’t really fit anywhere else, but are very much worth viewing.

The Centenary Gallery is however a bit difficult to find, for despite the huge doors being in the main visitor hall, had I not seen people going through the doors, I would have had no idea that they concealed a gallery to look at. Don’t overlook it as I nearly did.

Inside the centenary collection

The museum also has large gardens around it, which are probably lovely in summer, but were half sealed off for winter resting. The bare trees do however let you get a wider view across much of central London which might be obscured during spring and summer.

I loved the use of an old post box for collecting donations.

The museum is open seven days a week: 10.30am – 5.30pm

The Horniman Museum

More photos in my gallery as usual.


Be the first to know what's on in London, and the latest news published on ianVisits.

You can unsubscribe at any time from my weekly emails.

Tagged with: ,

This website has been running now for over a decade, and while advertising revenue contributes to funding the website, it doesn't cover the costs. That is why I have set up a facility with DonorBox where you can contribute to the costs of the website and time invested in writing and research for the news articles.

It's very similar to the way The Guardian and many smaller websites are now seeking to generate an income in the face of rising costs and declining advertising.

Whether it's a one-off donation or a regular giver, every additional support goes a long way to covering the running costs of this website, and keeping you regularly topped up doses of Londony news and facts.

If you like what you read on here, then please support the website here.

Thank you

  1. Hamish Jones says:

    Since moving to the area 6 years ago and becoming a father 4 years ago I have made dozens of visits to this South London gem. Ian’s piece is very good and I would only add something about the gardens, special exhibitions and children’s activities.

    Currently in the midst of redesigning (but nearer the end of the process than the beginning!) the gardens are fantastic. Designated herb, African and flower areas are wonderful for young and old as are the nature trails. There is also a lovely bandstand and a small (populated) farm enclosure which also pleases everyone in the family. The vistas of London are great and the gardens are large enough for picnics, courting and resting. There are events over the summers that cater for large groups too.

    There is a full calendar of temporary exhibitions that are always beautifully staged and very interesting. Last year’s mythical creatures was a bit too much for our 3 year old; Unicorns OK – Cyclops bit scary. However this year’s Bali event fascinated her and we visited 6 times (I kid you not – it was the masks and the shadow puppets!). We look forward to many more exciting visits.

    Our lovely area of South London boasts many other excellent parks; Crystal Palace, Sydenham Wells, Norwood and Dulrich to name but a few. However when it rains the Horniman comes into its own. As a young family constantly trying to exercise and educate our wee one we have found the premises invaluable. As I wrote we have visited dozens of time over the last 6/7 years and never has the bairn been bored. It used to be a visit to see the ‘Walrusk’ but the many hands on events, workshops and art activities have had a fundamental influence on the development of our bright and inquisitive little girl. The staff are excellent, both patient and knowledgable and my only gripe is that the tastefully stocked shop always proves an amassable attraction for our younger family member.

    It truly is a gem and one that all (South) Londoners should cherish, support and enjoy.

  2. Tim Myatt says:

    This museum is so much like the Pitt Rivers Museum, the University of Oxford’s collection of anthropology and world archaeology. In the Pitt Rivers the collection is arranged thematically, according to how the objects were used, rather than according to their age or origin, This all adds to the experience of exploration and discovery while you amble about the victorian gothic hall that encapsulates the collection.

    People like General Augustus Pitt Rivers and Frederick John Horniman tend not to exist these days (if only for their wildly outlandish names!) but I for one am glad that their eccentricity and vision has borne such bizarre and beautiful fruits!

Home >> News >> Museums