The oldest surviving purely residential walkway in the West End, Middleton Place is actually a modern name for a much older passageway.

The area just to the north of Oxford Street was all fields around the late 1750s when the fields were developed into housing for the growing city. By 1762, what was originally called Middleton Buildings had been laid out, with a neat row of Georgian brick buildings fronted with faux-stone stuccoed ground floor facades.

The name of the row of houses may have come from the developer, John Middleton who had three partners in the development and took a lease on the last from Thomas Huddle. The row of houses are a relic of a once common London planning type, but the houses you see now are not the originals.

Most of the originals have been so heavily altered over the centuries as housing was replaced with office use that none of the buildings are listed as heritage. Much of the modern — if old looking — buildings date from the late Victorian era when an area that was mainly lower working class warehouses and workshops was rebuilt to take advantage of increasing desirability in the decades following the layout of Regent Street.

It’s thought that the buildings, which would have been somewhat meaner than what exists today were rebuilt by the Portland Estate when Huddle’s leases expired on the land in the 1850s.

There were allegations in the 1960s/70s that the area was being left deliberately run down by Great Portland Estates in order to make it easier to redevelop as a large plot of land. Protests by the young Fitzrovia residents association, supported by the local MP, Kenneth Baker saw the developers back peddle, and eventually, much of the land was sold off piecemeal to their tenants.

Today, instead of being 1960s concrete, it’s a pocket of quiet heritage a short walk from the hustle and bustle of busy shoppers.

It’s a mix of residential and small (if expensive) offices, although over the past few years there’s been a number of conversions seeing buildings being returned to residential occupation.

Although largely a row of similar looking Georgian style houses, on the corner is an old pub, the Yorkshire Grey. Although long-established on the site it was rebuilt in 1882–3 to designs by George Treacher, a pub specialist. It still retains its “snob screens” and fireplace.

The name of the pub was once common, and is named after the Yorkshire Grey Horse, a breed commonly used to pull brewery drays.


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  1. Dave says:

    Was looking for this today in my 1999 A-Z hardback, G.London master atlas and find it’s listed as Middlleton Buildings. I wonder if the change to more residential use has prompted ‘Place’.
    Or it could be a deliberate error. I’m told A-Z incorporate these on to their maps, then know when they are being used by other mapmakers, without paying a licencing fee!

    • Ian Visits says:

      All the old maps show it as Buildings — the change to Place apparently took place in the late 1990s.

  2. Caroline Kate Jessee says:

    My father lived in Middleton buildings as it used to be called, he was born in 1928, not sure when he moved in there though.
    What I do know was he lived there with his father,who was a ladies Taylor, his work shop was on the top floor, my father Albert Morris, worked in the shop after he finished high school, which would have been in the mid 1940s. My Mum and dad lived there for a short time when they first married.
    They were a working class jewish family.

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