All British Historical Anniversaries in October 2020

I often wonder what significant anniversaries are due at some point in the future as some of them might be of interest as triggers for blog posts or visits somewhere. However, it is often difficult to find out quickly what events have significant anniversaries - hence this section on the website.

By "significant anniversaries", I mean dates that are not, for example, the 73rd anniversary of something, but the 50th, 100th, 200th etc.

It should help to flag up interesting events.

Anniversaries during October 2020

Note: This page lists ALL anniversaries, not just the key dates.
For that more useful list, click here.

1061st Edgar the Peaceable becomes king of all England. (1st Oct 0959)
467th Coronation of Queen Mary I of England (1st Oct 1553)
177th The News of the World tabloid begins publication in London. (1st Oct 1843)
102nd World War I: Arab forces under T. E. Lawrence (a/k/a "Lawrence of Arabia") capture Damascus. (1st Oct 1918)
74th Mensa International is founded in the United Kingdom. (1st Oct 1946)
51st Concorde breaks the sound barrier for the first time. (1st Oct 1969)
49th The first brain-scan using x-ray computed tomography (CT or CAT scan) is performed at Atkinson Morley Hospital in Wimbledon, London. (1st Oct 1971)
82nd Pioneering photojournalism magazine, Picture Post is first published. (1st Oct 1938)
182nd First Anglo-Afghan War begins when Lord Auckland, Governor-General of India, issues a manifesto from Simla giving Britain's reasons for intervening in Afghanistan. (1st Oct 1838)
5th New consumer protections come into force under the Consumer Rights Act, guaranteeing a full refund for faulty goods up to thirty days after purchase. (1st Oct 2015)
8th Automatic enrolment to workplace pension schemes commences. (1st Oct 2012)
404th King James's School, Knaresborough, North Yorkshire, is founded by Dr. Robert Chaloner. (1st Oct 1616)
404th Ben Jonson's satirical five-act comedy The Devil is an Ass is produced at the Blackfriars Theatre by the King's Men, poking fun at credence in witchcraft and Middlesex juries. (1st Oct 1616)
62nd the sovereignty of Christmas Island is transferred from the United Kingdom to Australia. (1st Oct 1958)
82nd first Kindertransport from Berlin to London Liverpool Street station via Harwich. (1st Oct 1938)
1st Torrential rain brings flooding to many parts of Great Britain with dozens of warnings issued by the Environment Agency. Some areas in the Midlands, Wales and southern England are hit by a week's rain in just one hour. (1st Oct 2019)
18th The main provisions of National Health Service Reform and Health Care Professions Act (of 25 June) come into force in England, including renaming and merger of existing NHS regional health authorities to form 28 new strategic health authorities, and introduction of primary care trusts to be responsible for the supervision of family health care functions. (1st Oct 2002)
11th The Supreme Court of the United Kingdom officially opens, taking over various powers, including those of the Law Lords. (1st Oct 2009)
757th The battle of Largs is fought between Norwegians and Scots. (2nd Oct 1263)
95th John Logie Baird performs the first test of a working television system. (2nd Oct 1925)
737th Dafydd ap Gruffydd, prince of Gwynedd in Wales, becomes the first person executed by being hanged, drawn and quartered. (2nd Oct 1283)
88th Iraq gains independence from the United Kingdom. (2nd Oct 1932)
68th The United Kingdom successfully tests a nuclear weapon. (2nd Oct 1952)
2nd The government announces that heterosexual couples in England and Wales will be given the right to enter into civil partnerships rather than marriage. (2nd Oct 2018)
3rd Monarch Airlines, the UK's fifth biggest airline, is placed into administration. (2nd Oct 2017)
75th Piccadilly Circus tube station becomes the first to be lit by fluorescent light. (2nd Oct 1945)
95th John Logie Baird successfully transmits the first television pictures with a greyscale image. (2nd Oct 1925)
95th London's first double-decker buses with covered top decks are introduced. (2nd Oct 1925)
52nd a woman from Birmingham gives birth to the first recorded instance of live Sextuplets in the UK. (2nd Oct 1968)
15th The first parkrun, described as the Bushy Park Time Trial, takes place in Bushy Park, London. (2nd Oct 2005)
242nd British Captain James Cook anchors in Alaska. (3rd Oct 1778)
3rd Following a spate of acid attacks, the government announces that sales of acids to under 18s will be banned. (3rd Oct 2017)
177th the statue of Nelson placed atop Nelson's Column in Trafalgar Square, London. (3rd Oct 1843)
502nd Cardinal Wolsey's Treaty of London is signed by France, England, the Holy Roman Empire, the Papacy, Spain, Burgundy and the Netherlands allying the European powers against the Ottoman Empire. (3rd Oct 1518)
12th Peter Mandelson returns to the Westminster cabinet as Secretary of State for Business, Enterprise and Regulatory Reform as part of a reshuffle following Ruth Kelly's resignation. (3rd Oct 2008)
485th The first complete English-language Bible (the Coverdale Bible) is printed, with translations by William Tyndale and Miles Coverdale. (4th Oct 1535)
137th First meeting of the Boys' Brigade in Glasgow, Scotland. (4th Oct 1883)
54th Basutoland becomes independent from the United Kingdom and is renamed Lesotho. (4th Oct 1966)
44th Official launch of the Intercity 125 High Speed Train (HST). (4th Oct 1976)
84th Battle of Cable Street between Oswald Mosley's British Union of Fascists and anti-fascist demonstrators. (4th Oct 1936)
62nd BOAC uses new Comet jets to become the first airline to fly jet passenger services across the Atlantic. (4th Oct 1958)
125th The first individual time trial for racing cyclists is held on a 50-mile course north of London. (5th Oct 1895)
90th British Airship R101 crashes in France en-route to India on its maiden voyage. (5th Oct 1930)
84th The Jarrow March sets off for London. (5th Oct 1936)
52nd Police baton civil rights demonstrators in Derry, Northern Ireland - considered to mark the beginning of The Troubles. (5th Oct 1968)
51st The first episode of Monty Python's Flying Circus airs on BBC. (5th Oct 1969)
46th Guildford pub bombings: bombs planted by the Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) kill four British soldiers and one civilian. (5th Oct 1974)
9th The world's largest solar bridge project got underway in London. (5th Oct 2011)
1st Lucia Lucas becomes the first transgender singer to perform with the English National Opera in London. (5th Oct 2019)
166th The Great fire of Newcastle and Gateshead starts shortly after midnight, leading to 53 deaths and hundreds injured. (6th Oct 1854)
305th First of the major Jacobite Rebellions in Scotland against the rule of King George I. (6th Oct 1715)
1st Flights repatriating the final 4,800 Thomas Cook holidaymakers stranded abroad following the company's collapse take off, bringing to an end Operation Mattetrhorn, the largest peacetime repatriation operation that has seen more than 150,000 people brought back to the UK. (6th Oct 2019)
257th King George III issues British Royal Proclamation of 1763, closing aboriginal lands in North America north and west of Alleghenies to white settlements. (7th Oct 1763)
19th The United States of America's Armed-forces invade Afghanistan. Submarines of the British Royal Navy participate using Tomahawk cruise missiles. (7th Oct 2001)
16th British hostage Ken Bigley, of Liverpool, is beheaded by militants in Iraq. (7th Oct 2004)
820th Isabella of Angoulême is crowned Queen consort of England. (8th Oct 1200)
214th Forces of the British Empire lay siege to the port of Boulogne in France by using Congreve rockets, invented by Sir William Congreve. (8th Oct 1806)
191st Stephenson's The Rocket wins The Rainhill Trials. (8th Oct 1829)
68th The Harrow and Wealdstone rail crash kills 112 people. (8th Oct 1952)
47th London Broadcasting Company, Britain's first legal commercial Independent Local Radio station, begins broadcasting. (8th Oct 1973)
7th British physicist Peter Higgs is awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for his theory of the Higgs boson. (8th Oct 2013)
55th The Post Office Tower opens in London. (8th Oct 1965)
8th Scientists warn of the dangers of using liquid nitrogen in drinks after an 18-year-old woman in Lancaster requires emergency surgery after consuming a cocktail containing the substance. (8th Oct 2012)
1st Parliament is prorogued until 14 October. (8th Oct 2019)
12th The government announced a bank rescue package worth some ?500 billion as a response to the ongoing financial crisis. (8th Oct 2008)
506th Marriage of Louis XII of France and Mary Tudor. (9th Oct 1514)
80th During a night-time air raid by the German Luftwaffe, St. Paul's Cathedral in the City of London, England is hit by a bomb. (9th Oct 1940)
78th Statute of Westminster 1931 formalises Australian autonomy. (9th Oct 1942)
45th An IRA bomb explosion outside Green Park tube station near Piccadilly in London killed one and injured 20. (9th Oct 1975)
16th Scottish Parliament Building in Edinburgh, designed by Enric Miralles, is opened. (9th Oct 2004)
14th Opening of the Beetham Tower, Manchester, a landmark 168-metre 47-storey skyscraper with oversailing upper floors designed by Ian Simpson of SimpsonHaugh and Partners, the tallest building in the UK outside London, and with its penthouse apartments (above the Hilton Hotel) being the highest residential addresses in the country. (9th Oct 2006)
440th After a three-day siege, the English Army beheads over 600 Irish and Papal soldiers and civilians at Dún an Óir, Ireland. (10th Oct 1580)
63rd The Windscale fire in Cumbria, U.K. is the world's first major nuclear accident. (10th Oct 1957)
49th Sold, dismantled and moved to the United States, London Bridge reopens in Lake Havasu City, Arizona. (10th Oct 1971)
57th Prime Minister Harold Macmillan announces his resignation on the grounds of ill health. (10th Oct 1963)
97th First BBC broadcast from Aberdeen - followed by Bournemouth on the 17th. (10th Oct 1923)
92nd Tyne Bridge opens, connecting Newcastle upon Tyne and Gateshead. (10th Oct 1928)
371st Sack of Wexford: After a ten-day siege, English New Model Army troops (under Oliver Cromwell) stormed the town of Wexford, killing over 2,000 Irish Confederate troops and 1,500 civilians. (11th Oct 1649)
293rd George II and Caroline of Ansbach are crowned King and Queen of Great Britain. (11th Oct 1727)
223rd Battle of Camperdown: Naval battle between Royal Navy and Royal Netherlands Navy during the French Revolutionary Wars. The outcome of the battle was a decisive British victory. (11th Oct 1797)
121st Second Boer War begins: In South Africa, a war between the United Kingdom and the Boers of the Transvaal and Orange Free State erupts. (11th Oct 1899)
8th Heavy rain in the United Kingdom causes flash flooding in the coastal village of Clovelly, Devon, damaging homes and pulling up cobbles in the street. (11th Oct 2012)
62nd first broadcast of the long-running BBC Television sports programme Grandstand. (11th Oct 1958)
804th King John of England loses his crown jewels in The Wash, probably near Fosdyke, perhaps near Sutton Bridge (12th Oct 1216)
197th Charles Macintosh, of Scotland, sells the first raincoat. (12th Oct 1823)
105th British nurse Edith Cavell is executed by a German firing squad for helping Allied soldiers escape from Belgium (12th Oct 1915)
41st The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy, the first of five books in the Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy comedy science fiction series by Douglas Adams is published. (12th Oct 1979)
2nd The Wedding of Princess Eugenie and Jack Brooksbank takes place at the St George's Chapel at Windsor Castle. (12th Oct 2018)
8th The UK's largest independent investigation into police wrongdoing will be conducted following damning reports into the 1989 Hillsborough disaster. (12th Oct 2012)
105th British nurse Edith Cavell is executed by a German firing squad for helping Allied soldiers escape from Belgium. (12th Oct 1915)
11th The Evening Standard becomes a free newspaper in central London. (12th Oct 2009)
136th Greenwich, in London, England, is established as Universal Time meridian of longitude. (13th Oct 1884)
2nd Storm Callum: Parts of Wales experience their worst flooding in 30 years. (13th Oct 2018)
9th BP was given the go-ahead to proceed with a new ?4.5 billion oil project west of the Shetland Islands. (13th Oct 2011)
52nd the rebuilt Euston railway station opens. (13th Oct 1968)
127th the first students enter St Hilda's College, Oxford, founded for women by Dorothea Beale. (13th Oct 1893)
954th Battle of Hastings - In England on Senlac Hill, seven miles from Hastings, the Norman forces of William the Conqueror defeat the English army and kill King Harold II of England. (14th Oct 1066)
698th Robert the Bruce of Scotland defeats King Edward II of England at Byland, forcing Edward to accept Scotland's independence. (14th Oct 1322)
434th Mary, Queen of Scots, goes on trial for conspiracy against Elizabeth I of England. (14th Oct 1586)
247th Just before the beginning of the American Revolutionary War, several of the British East India Company's tea ships are set ablaze at the old seaport of Annapolis, Maryland. (14th Oct 1773)
208th Work on London's Regent's Canal starts. (14th Oct 1812)
177th The British arrest the Irish nationalist Daniel O'Connell for conspiracy to commit crimes. (14th Oct 1843)
110th The English aviator Claude Grahame-White lands his Farman Aircraft biplane on Executive Avenue near the White House in Washington, D.C. (14th Oct 1910)
107th Senghenydd Colliery Disaster, the United Kingdom's worst coal mining accident, occurs, and it claims the lives of 439 miners. (14th Oct 1913)
94th The children's book Winnie-the-Pooh, by A. A. Milne, is first published. (14th Oct 1926)
81st The German submarine U-47 sinks the British battleship HMS Royal Oak within her harbour at Scapa Flow, Scotland. (14th Oct 1939)
80th Balham subway station disaster, in London, England, occurs during the Nazi Luftwaffe air raids on Great Britain. (14th Oct 1940)
63rd Queen Elizabeth II becomes the first Canadian Monarch to open up an annual session of the Canadian Parliament, presenting her Speech from the Throne in Ottawa, Canada (14th Oct 1957)
51st The UK introduces the British fifty-pence coin, which replaces, over the following years, the British ten-shilling note, in anticipation of the decimalization of the British currency in 1971, and the abolition of the shilling as a unit of currency anywhere in the world. (14th Oct 1969)
132nd The first recorded film, Roundhay Garden Scene, is made in Roundhay in Leeds. The film is two seconds and 18 frames in length. (14th Oct 1888)
18th The Northern Ireland Assembly is suspended following allegations of spying in "Stormontgate". (14th Oct 2002)
67th British nuclear test Totem 1 detonated at Emu Field, South Australia. (15th Oct 1953)
7th Charles Taylor arrives in the UK to serve the remainder of his 50-year prison sentence, the first head of state to be convicted of war crimes since World War II. (15th Oct 2013)
64th The RAF retires its last Lancaster bomber (15th Oct 1956)
186th Much of the ancient structure of the Palace of Westminster in London is burnt to the ground. (16th Oct 1834)
151st Girton College, Cambridge is founded, becoming England's first residential college for women. (16th Oct 1869)
81st World War II: First attack on British territory by the German Luftwaffe. (16th Oct 1939)
2nd Pepper becomes the first robot to appear at a UK parliamentary meeting, talking to MPs about the future of artificial intelligence in education. (16th Oct 2018)
47th The Wicker Man was first shown in cinemas, as a b-movie double with "Don't Look Now", a controversially sexual film. One would become a cult classic, the other forgotten. (16th Oct 1973)
107th HMS Queen Elizabeth launched at Portsmouth Dockyard as the Royal Navy's first oil-fired battleship. (16th Oct 1913)
929th London Tornado of 1091: A tornado thought to be of strength T8/F4 strikes the heart of London. (17th Oct 1091)
674th Battle of Neville's Cross: King David II of Scotland is captured by Edward III of England near Durham, and imprisoned in the Tower of London for eleven years. (17th Oct 1346)
360th Nine Regicides, the men who signed the death warrant of Charles I, are hanged, drawn and quartered. (17th Oct 1660)
358th Charles II of England sells Dunkirk to France for 40,000 pounds. (17th Oct 1662)
206th London Beer Flood occurs in London, killing nine. (17th Oct 1814)
160th First The Open Championship (referred to in North America as the British Open). (17th Oct 1860)
103rd First British bombing of Germany in World War I. (17th Oct 1917)
64th The first commercial nuclear power station is officially opened by Queen Elizabeth II in Sellafield,in Cumbria, England. (17th Oct 1956)
1004th The Danes defeat the Saxons in the Battle of Ashingdon. (18th Oct 1016)
169th Herman Melville's Moby-Dick is first published as The Whale by Richard Bentley of London. (18th Oct 1851)
98th The BBC is founded by a consortium, to establish a nationwide network of radio transmitters to provide a national broadcasting service. (18th Oct 1922)
2nd A case of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (so-called "mad cow disease") is confirmed on a farm in Aberdeenshire, the first of its kind in Scotland for 10 years. (18th Oct 2018)
52nd National Giro opens for business through the General Post Office, (18th Oct 1968)
1st Sainsbury's becomes the first major supermarket to stop selling fireworks at its 2,300 stores across the UK. (18th Oct 2019)
15th The landmark Spinnaker Tower in Portsmouth opens. At 170 metres (560?ft) it is the tallest accessible structure in the UK outside London. (18th Oct 2005)
12th An episode of The Russell Brand Show aired, featuring a series of prank phone calls to the actor Andrew Sachs by comedians Russell Brand and Jonathan Ross, leading to a media row. (18th Oct 2008)
804th King John of England dies at Newark-on-Trent and is succeeded by his nine-year-old son Henry. (19th Oct 1216)
567th The French recapture of Bordeaux brings the Hundred Years' War to a close, with the English retaining only Calais on French soil. (19th Oct 1453)
371st New Ross town, Co. Wexford, Ireland, surrenders to Oliver Cromwell. (19th Oct 1649)
239th At Yorktown, Virginia, representatives of British commander Lord Cornwallis handed over Cornwallis' sword and formally surrendered to George Washington and the comte de Rochambeau. (19th Oct 1781)
5th Chinese President Xi Jinping arrives at Heathrow Airport for his first state visit to the UK. (19th Oct 2015)
8th Scotland Yard launches a "formal criminal investigation" into Jimmy Savile, after 200 potential sexual abuse victims come forward. (19th Oct 2012)
1st Another People's Vote march is held through London, matching the size of the previous one on 23 March 2019, in which hundreds of thousands attended. (19th Oct 2019)
202nd The Convention of 1818 signed between the United States and the United Kingdom which, among other things, settled the Canada - United States border on the 49th parallel for most of its length. (20th Oct 1818)
110th The hull of the RMS Olympic, sister-ship to the ill-fated RMS Titanic, is launched from the Harland and Wolff shipyard in Belfast, Northern Ireland. (20th Oct 1910)
47th The Dalai Lama made his first visit to the UK. (20th Oct 1973)
7th About 100 homes are damaged when a "tornado" hits Hayling Island in Hampshire. (20th Oct 2013)
105th First women recruited as bus and tram conductors. (20th Oct 1915)
72nd KLM Constellation air disaster: a KLM Lockheed Constellation airliner crashes (20th Oct 1948)
215th Battle of Trafalgar: A British fleet led by Vice Admiral Lord Nelson defeats a combined French and Spanish fleet off the coast of Spain under Admiral Villeneuve. It signals almost the end of French maritime power and leaves Britain's navy unchallenged until the 20th century. (21st Oct 1805)
196th Joseph Aspdin patents Portland cement. (21st Oct 1824)
166th Florence Nightingale and a staff of 38 nurses are sent to the Crimean War. (21st Oct 1854)
54th Aberfan disaster: A slag heap collapses on the village of Aberfan in Wales, killing 144 people, mostly schoolchildren. (21st Oct 1966)
207th Nelson Monument, Liverpool unveiled. (21st Oct 1813)
7th The government approves Hinkley Point C, the first nuclear plant to be constructed in the UK since 1995. It will be completed in 2023 and remain operational for 60 years, supplying about 7% of the country's electricity. (21st Oct 2013)
9th London's St Paul's Cathedral was forced to close its doors to visitors for the first time since the Second World War after Occupy London protesters set up camp on its doorstep. (21st Oct 2011)
82nd Apostolic Delegation to Great Britain appointed. (21st Oct 1938)
313th Scilly naval disaster: four British Royal Navy ships run aground near the Isles of Scilly because of faulty navigation. Admiral Sir Cloudesley Shovell and thousands of sailors drown. (22nd Oct 1707)
143rd The Blantyre mining disaster in Scotland kills 207 miners. (22nd Oct 1877)
142nd The first rugby match under floodlights takes place in Salford, between Broughton and Swinton. (22nd Oct 1878)
110th Dr. Crippen is convicted at the Old Bailey of poisoning his wife and is subsequently hanged at Pentonville Prison in London. (22nd Oct 1910)
57th A BAC One-Eleven prototype airliner crashes in UK with the loss of all on board. (22nd Oct 1963)
8th Surgeons have carried out the first ever robotic open-heart operations in Britain at the New Cross Hospital in Wolverhampton. (22nd Oct 2012)
54th British spy George Blake escapes from Wormwood Scrubs prison; he is next seen in Moscow. (22nd Oct 1966)
44th The Damned release New Rose, the first ever single marketed as "punk rock". (22nd Oct 1976)
725th The first treaty forming the Auld Alliance between Scotland and France against England is signed in Paris. (23rd Oct 1295)
379th Outbreak of the Irish Rebellion of 1641. (23rd Oct 1641)
378th Battle of Edgehill: First major battle of the First English Civil War. (23rd Oct 1642)
313th The first Parliament of Great Britain meets. (23rd Oct 1707)
281st War of Jenkins' Ear starts: British Prime Minister, Robert Walpole, reluctantly declares war on Spain. (23rd Oct 1739)
8th James Bond film Skyfall premi?res at the Royal Albert Hall in London. (23rd Oct 2012)
42nd the government announces plans for a new single exam to replace O Levels and CSEs. (23rd Oct 1978)
1st The bodies of 38 adults and a teenager are found in a lorry container in Essex. A 25-year-old man from Northern Ireland is arrested on suspicion of murder. (23rd Oct 2019)
19th Provisional Irish Republican Army announces that it has begun to decommission its weapons. (23rd Oct 2001)
163rd Sheffield F.C., the world's first football club, is founded in Sheffield, England. (24th Oct 1857)
59th The first official modern day Prime Minister's Question Time takes place in the House of Commons (24th Oct 1961)
8th The last analogue television broadcasts are made in the United Kingdom, in Northern Ireland, as the country completes its transfer to digital television. (24th Oct 2012)
64th Protocol of Sèvres, a secret agreement between the UK, France and Israel allowing the latter to invade Sinai with the support of the two former governments. Eden subsequently denies existence of an agreement. (24th Oct 1956)
17th Supersonic aircraft Concorde makes its final commercial flights after twenty-seven years. (24th Oct 2003)
873rd The Portuguese, under Afonso I, and Crusaders from England and Flanders conquer Lisbon after a four-month siege. (25th Oct 1147)
605th The army of Henry V of England defeats the French at the Battle of Agincourt. (25th Oct 1415)
273rd British fleet under Admiral Sir Edward Hawke defeats the French at the second battle of Cape Finisterre. (25th Oct 1747)
208th War of 1812: The American heavy frigate, USS United States, commanded by Stephen Decatur, captures the British frigate HMS Macedonian. (25th Oct 1812)
192nd The St Katharine Docks opened in London. (25th Oct 1828)
120th The United Kingdom annexes the Transvaal. (25th Oct 1900)
100th After 74 days on Hunger Strike in Brixton Prison, England, the Sinn Féin Lord Mayor of Cork, Terence MacSwiney died. (25th Oct 1920)
96th The forged Zinoviev Letter is published in the Daily Mail, wrecking the British Labour Party's hopes of re-election. (25th Oct 1924)
380th The Treaty of Ripon is signed, restoring peace between Scotland and Charles I of England. (25th Oct 1640)
2nd Gavin Williamson announces that women who serve in the Army are now able to transfer into infantry roles, including the special forces, such as the SAS. (25th Oct 2018)
44th Opening of the Royal National Theatre on the South Bank in London, in premises designed by Sir Denys Lasdun. (25th Oct 1976)
42nd a ceremony marks the completion of Liverpool Cathedral, for which the foundation stone was laid in 1904. (25th Oct 1978)
62nd the Short SC.1 experimental VTOL aircraft makes its first free vertical flight. (25th Oct 1958)
260th George III becomes King of Great Britain. (26th Oct 1760)
245th King George III goes before Parliament to declare the American colonies in rebellion, and authorized a military response to quell the American Revolution. (26th Oct 1775)
161st The Royal Charter is wrecked on the coast of Anglesey, north Wales with 459 dead. (26th Oct 1859)
3rd Women in Scotland are to be allowed to take abortion pills at home, bringing the country into line with others such as Sweden and France. (26th Oct 2017)
157th The Football Association is founded at the Freemasons' Tavern in Long Acre, London. (26th Oct 1863)
10th Independent Print Limited launches i, the first national daily newspaper for a quarter of a century. The 20p paper is aimed at "readers and lapsed readers of quality newspapers". (26th Oct 2010)
102nd Cecil Chubb donates Stonehenge to the nation. (26th Oct 1918)
16th Selby Coalfield production ceases. (26th Oct 2004)
14th The Duke of Edinburgh officially opens Arsenal's new stadium. (26th Oct 2006)
1081st Edmund I succeeds Athelstan as King of England. (27th Oct 0939)
376th Second Battle of Newbury in the English Civil War. (27th Oct 1644)
84th Mrs Wallis Simpson files for divorce which would eventually allow her to marry King Edward VIII of the United Kingdom, thus forcing his abdication from the throne. (27th Oct 1936)
67th British nuclear test Totem 2 is carried out at Emu Field, South Australia. (27th Oct 1953)
6th Plans are unveiled by the Met Office for a ?97m supercomputer to study weather and climate. Using 13 times more processing power than previous systems, it will perform 16,000 trillion calculations per second. (27th Oct 2014)
42nd four people die and four others are wounded in a shooting spree which began in a residential street in West Bromwich and ends at a petrol station some 20 miles away in Nuneaton. (27th Oct 1978)
52nd police and protestors clash at an anti-Vietnam War protest outside the Embassy of the United States in London. (27th Oct 1968)
102nd Spanish Flu outbreak in London - leads to 2,200 deaths (27th Oct 1918)
49th Britain launches its first satellite, Prospero, into low Earth orbit atop a Black Arrow carrier rocket. (28th Oct 1971)
127th the Royal Navy's first destroyer, HMS Havock, undergoes sea trials. (28th Oct 1893)
62nd the State Opening of Parliament is broadcast on television for the first time. (28th Oct 1958)
402nd Sir Walter Raleigh is beheaded for allegedly conspiring against James I of England. (29th Oct 1618)
78th In the United Kingdom, leading clergymen and political figures hold a public meeting to register outrage over Nazi Germany's persecution of Jews. (29th Oct 1942)
53rd London criminal Jack McVitie is murdered by the Kray twins, leading to their eventual imprisonment and downfall. (29th Oct 1967)
44th Opening of Selby Coalfield. (29th Oct 1976)
82nd City Hall, Norwich, designed in the Art Deco style by C. H. James and S. R. Pierce, is opened. (29th Oct 1938)
550th Henry VI of England returns to the English throne after Earl of Warwick defeats the Yorkists in battle. (30th Oct 1470)
535th King Henry VII of England is crowned. (30th Oct 1485)
95th John Logie Baird creates Britain's first television transmitter. (30th Oct 1925)
78th Lt. Tony Fasson, Able Seaman Colin Grazier and canteen assistant Tommy Brown from HMS Petard board U-559, retrieving material which would lead to the decryption of the German Enigma code. (30th Oct 1942)
60th Michael Woodruff performs the first successful kidney transplant in the United Kingdom at the Edinburgh Royal Infirmary. (30th Oct 1960)
5th Shaker Aamer, the last British resident to be held in Guantanamo Bay, lands in the UK, having been detained for thirteen years. (30th Oct 2015)
7th The Privy Council grants a Royal Charter on press regulations after the newspaper industry loses a last minute legal bid to seek an injunction against the plans. (30th Oct 2013)
8th Britain's first 4G mobile network is launched, offering high-speed mobile data services in eleven major cities. (30th Oct 2012)
14th The Stern Review on the Economics of Climate Change is published by the UK government. (30th Oct 2006)
80th The Battle of Britain ends - the United Kingdom prevents a possible German invasion. (31st Oct 1940)
79th A fire in a clothing factory in Huddersfield, England kills 49 (31st Oct 1941)
64th The United Kingdom and France begin bombing Egypt to force the reopening of the Suez Canal. (31st Oct 1956)
47th Three Provisional Irish Republican Army members escape from Mountjoy Prison, Dublin, Republic of Ireland aboard a hijacked helicopter that lands in the exercise yard. (31st Oct 1973)
84th Elizabeth Cowell becomes the first female British television presenter, after making a broadcast from Alexandra Palace. (31st Oct 1936)
754th Second Barons' War: The war winds down as supporters of the slain rebel leader Simon de Montfort make an offer of peace to the king in the Dictum of Kenilworth. (31st Oct 1266)


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