All British Historical Anniversaries in September 2019

I often wonder what significant anniversaries are due at some point in the future as some of them might be of interest as triggers for blog posts or visits somewhere. However, it is often difficult to find out quickly what events have significant anniversaries - hence this section on the website.

By "significant anniversaries", I mean dates that are not, for example, the 73rd anniversary of something, but the 50th, 100th, 200th etc.

It should help to flag up interesting events.

Anniversaries during September 2019

Note: This page lists ALL anniversaries, not just the key dates.
For that more useful list, click here.

487th Lady Anne Boleyn is made Marquess of Pembroke by her fiancé, King Henry VIII of England. (1st Sep 1532)
99th The Fountain of Time opens as a tribute to the 100 years of peace between the United States and Great Britain following the Treaty of Ghent. (1st Sep 1920)
61st Iceland expands its fishing zone, putting it into conflict with the United Kingdom, beginning the Cod Wars. (1st Sep 1958)
36th Ian MacGregor becomes chairman of the National Coal Board. (1st Sep 1983)
65th Kidbrooke School in the London Borough of Greenwich opens as Britain's first purpose-built comprehensive school. (exact day unclear). (1st Sep 1954)
51st First phase of the Victoria Line on the London Underground opens between Walthamstow and Highbury. (1st Sep 1968)
33rd GCSE examination courses replace both GCE 'O' Level and CSE courses for 14-year-olds. (1st Sep 1986)
73rd Opening of the Britain Can Make It exhibition at the Victoria and Albert Museum in London, promoted by the Council of Industrial Design and the Board of Trade to show off good domestic and industrial design. (1st Sep 1946)
253rd "Bread and butter riots": civil unrest across England following a poor harvest. (1st Sep 1766)
267th Great Britain adopts the Gregorian calendar, nearly two centuries later than most of Western Europe. (2nd Sep 1752)
212th The Royal Navy bombards Copenhagen with fire bombs and phosphorus rockets to prevent Denmark from surrendering its fleet to Napoleon. (2nd Sep 1807)
130th Wolverhampton Wanderers F.C. move into their new Molineux stadium in the grounds of Wolverhampton's Molineux Hotel. (2nd Sep 1889)
103rd William Leefe-Robinson becomes the first pilot to shoot down a German airship over Britain. (2nd Sep 1916)
176th The Economist newspaper first published (preliminary issue dated August). (2nd Sep 1843)
830th Richard I of England (a.k.a. Richard "the Lionheart") is crowned at Westminster. (3rd Sep 1189)
369th In the Battle of Dunbar, English Parliamentarian forces led by Oliver Cromwell defeat an army loyal to King Charles II of England and led by David Leslie, Lord Newark. (3rd Sep 1650)
368th Battle of Worcester - Charles II of England is defeated in the last main battle of the Third English Civil war. (3rd Sep 1651)
361st Richard Cromwell becomes Lord Protector of England (3rd Sep 1658)
217th William Wordsworth composes the sonnet Composed upon Westminster Bridge. (3rd Sep 1802)
216th English scientist John Dalton begins using symbols to represent the atoms of different elements. (3rd Sep 1803)
141st Over 640 die when the crowded pleasure boat Princess Alice collides with the Bywell Castle in the River Thames. (3rd Sep 1878)
84th Sir Malcolm Campbell reaches a speed of 304.331 miles per hour on the Bonneville Salt Flats in Utah, becoming the first person to drive an automobile over 300 mph (3rd Sep 1935)
80th France, the United Kingdom, New Zealand and Australia declare war on Germany after the invasion of Poland, forming the Allies. (3rd Sep 1939)
26th The UK Independence Party (UKIP) is formed. (3rd Sep 1993)
135th The United Kingdom ends its policy of penal transportation to New South Wales in Australia. (4th Sep 1884)
80th World War II: a Bristol Blenheim is the first British aircraft to cross the German coast following the declaration of war and German ships are bombed. (4th Sep 1939)
75th World War II: the British 11th Armoured Division liberates the Belgian city of Antwerp. (4th Sep 1944)
55th Scotland's Forth Road Bridge near Edinburgh officially opens. (4th Sep 1964)
16th The Bull Ring shopping centre in Birmingham is officially opened by Sir Albert Bore. (4th Sep 2003)
35th The Thomas the Tank Engine and Friends television series is first broadcast on ITV. (4th Sep 1984)
64th Richard Baker and Kenneth Kendall become the first BBC Television newsreaders to be seen reading the news. (4th Sep 1955)
43rd Peace March in Derry attracts 25,000 people in a call to end violence in Northern Ireland. (4th Sep 1976)
353rd A large fire breaks out in the City of London in the house of a baker on Pudding Lane near London Bridge. The fire destroys more than 13,000 buildings including Old St Paul's Cathedral. (4th Sep 1666)
3rd A survey by the National Centre for Social Research finds that, for the first time, a majority (53%) of adults in the UK describe themselves as non-religious. (4th Sep 2016)
219th Napoleon surrenders Malta to Great Britain. (5th Sep 1800)
132nd Fire at Theatre Royal in Exeter, England killed 186. (5th Sep 1887)
56th Christine Keeler is arrested for perjury. On 6th December she is sentenced to 9 months in prison. (5th Sep 1963)
105th Cover of magazine London Opinion first carries the iconic drawing by Alfred Leete of Lord Kitchener with the recruiting slogan Your Country Needs You. (5th Sep 1914)
44th The London Hilton hotel was bombed by the IRA killing two people and injuring 63 others. (5th Sep 1975)
53rd Selective Employment Tax imposed. (5th Sep 1966)
61st a severe storm over the South-East of England seriously disrupts communications. (5th Sep 1958)
238th The Battle of Groton Heights takes place, resulting a British victory. (6th Sep 1781)
131st Charles Turner becomes the first bowler to take 250 wickets in an English season - a feat since accomplished only by Tom Richardson (twice), J.T. Hearne, Wilfred Rhodes (twice) and Tich Freeman (six times). (6th Sep 1888)
70th Allied military authorities relinquish control of former Nazi Germany assets back to German control. (6th Sep 1949)
22nd Funeral of Diana, Princess of Wales takes place in London. Over a million people lined the streets and 2.5 billion watched around the world on television. (6th Sep 1997)
106th Arsenal F.C., previously based in Plumstead, South London, move into their new stadium at Highbury, North London. (6th Sep 1913)
104th Little Willie, the prototype military tank developed by William Foster & Co. of Lincoln, is first tested by the British Army. (6th Sep 1915)
4th Rail transport returns to the Scottish Borders after 46 years with the reopening of the Waverley Route between Edinburgh and Tweedbank, under the name of the Borders Railway. (6th Sep 2015)
33rd First episode of medical drama serial Casualty airs on BBC One. (6th Sep 1986)
153rd The Great Tea Race of 1866 ends in London, narrowly won by the clipper ship Taeping. (6th Sep 1866)
253rd Prince William, Duke of Gloucester, marries the illegitimately-born Maria Walpole, Dowager Countess of Waldegrave at her home in Pall Mall, London, an event kept secret from his brother the King until after passage of the Royal Marriages Act 1772. (6th Sep 1766)
71st flying the de Havilland DH 108, John Derry becomes the first British pilot to break the sound barrier. (6th Sep 1948)
828th Third Crusade: Battle of Arsuf - Richard I of England defeats Saladin at Arsuf. (7th Sep 1191)
243rd World's first submarine attack: the American submersible craft Turtle attempts to attach a time bomb to the hull of British Admiral Richard Howe's flagship HMS Eagle in New York Harbor. (7th Sep 1776)
112th Cunard Line's RMS Lusitania sets sail on her maiden voyage from Liverpool, England to New York City. (7th Sep 1907)
79th World War II: The Blitz - Nazi Germany begins to rain bombs on London. This will be the first of 57 consecutive nights of bombing. (7th Sep 1940)
41st While walking across Waterloo Bridge in London, Bulgarian dissident Georgi Markov is assassinated by Bulgarian secret police agent Francesco Giullino by means of a ricin pellet fired from a specially-designed umbrella. (7th Sep 1978)
35th An outbreak of food poisoning in two Yorkshire hospitals claimed over 20 lives. (7th Sep 1984)
126th Featherstone 'Massacre': troops fire on locked-out coal miners, killing two. (7th Sep 1893)
292nd A barn fire during a puppet show in the village of Burwell in Cambridgeshire, England kills 78 people, many of whom are children. (8th Sep 1727)
258th Marriage of King George III of the United Kingdom to Duchess Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. (8th Sep 1761)
131st In London, the body of Jack the Ripper's second murder victim, Annie Chapman, is found. (8th Sep 1888)
131st In England the first six Football League matches are played. (8th Sep 1888)
105th World War I: Private Thomas Highgate becomes the first British soldier to be executed for desertion during the war. (8th Sep 1914)
75th World War II: London is hit by a V2 rocket for the first time. (8th Sep 1944)
57th Last run of the famous Pines Express over the Somerset and Dorset Railway line (UK) fittingly using the last steam locomotive built by British Railways, 9F locomotive 92220 Evening Star. (8th Sep 1962)
53rd The Severn Bridge is officially opened by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II. (8th Sep 1966)
52nd The formal end of steam traction in the North East of England by British Railways. (8th Sep 1967)
36th The National Health Service privatises cleaning, catering and laundering services. (8th Sep 1983)
46th The IRA detonated bombs in Manchester and Victoria Station in London -- followed 2 days later with bombs at King's Cross and Euston railway stations, then in Oxford Street and Sloane Square two days later. (8th Sep 1973)
33rd Margaret Thatcher officially opens the first phase of the Nissan car factory at Sunderland, which has been in use for two months. It is the first car factory to be built in Europe by a Japanese car maker. (8th Sep 1986)
73rd Mass squat by homeless families of empty properties in London organised by the Communist Party. (8th Sep 1946)
83rd Arson attack on a school building at Penyberth on the Llyn Peninsula as part of the Tan yn Llyn campaign. (8th Sep 1936)
506th James IV of Scotland is defeated and dies in the Battle of Flodden Field, ending Scotland's involvement in the War of the League of Cambrai. (9th Sep 1513)
476th Mary Stuart, at nine months old, is crowned "Queen of Scots" in the central Scottish town of Stirling. (9th Sep 1543)
180th John Herschel takes the first glass plate photograph. (9th Sep 1839)
105th World War I: The creation of the Canadian Automobile Machine Gun Brigade, the first fully mechanized unit in the British Army. (9th Sep 1914)
31st The England cricket team's tour to India is cancelled after Captain Graham Gooch and seven other players are refused visas because of involvement in South African cricket during the apartheid boycott. (9th Sep 1988)
4th Queen Elizabeth II surpasses her great-great-grandmother Queen Victoria as Britain's longest-reigning monarch. (9th Sep 2015)
81st Auxiliary Territorial Service, as a women's voluntary service. (9th Sep 1938)
472nd The Battle of Pinkie Cleugh, the last full scale military confrontation between England and Scotland, resulting in a decisive victory for the forces of Edward VI. (10th Sep 1547)
80th World War II: The submarine HMS Oxley is mistakenly sunk by the submarine HMS Triton near Norway and becomes the Royal Navy's first loss. (10th Sep 1939)
52nd The people of Gibraltar vote to remain a British dependency rather than becoming part of Spain. (10th Sep 1967)
18th Charles Ingram cheats his way into winning one million pounds on a British version of Who Wants to be a Millionaire. (10th Sep 2001)
35th Geneticist Alec Jeffreys discovers DNA fingerprinting. (10th Sep 1984)
205th The last recorded duel in Wales is fought at Newcastle Emlyn: Thomas Heslop of Jamaica is killed; a local landowner, Beynon, is found guilty and fined one shilling. (10th Sep 1814)
63rd Guy Mollet visits London and proposes a merger of France and the United Kingdom. However, the idea is rejected by Anthony Eden. (10th Sep 1956)
722nd Battle of Stirling Bridge: Scots jointly-led by William Wallace and Andrew Moray defeat the English. (11th Sep 1297)
370th Siege of Drogheda ends: Oliver Cromwell's English Parliamentarian troops take the town and execute its garrison. (11th Sep 1649)
310th Battle of Malplaquet: Great Britain, Netherlands and Austria fight against France. (11th Sep 1709)
261st Battle of Saint Cast: France repels British invasion during the Seven Years' War. (11th Sep 1758)
75th World War II: RAF bombing raid on Darmstadt and the following firestorm kill 11,500. (11th Sep 1944)
22nd After a nationwide referendum, Scotland votes to establish a devolved parliament, within the United Kingdom. (11th Sep 1997)
4th MPs reject plans for a right to die in England and Wales in their first vote on the issue in almost 20 years. (11th Sep 2015)
56th The Beatles reach the number one for the second time with the single "She Loves You". (12th Sep 1963)
30th 19,000 ambulance crew members across Britain go on strike. (12th Sep 1989)
4th Jeremy Corbyn is elected the new leader of the Labour Party. (12th Sep 2015)
8th The Independent Commission on Banking recommended that British banks should separate their retail banking divisions from investment banking arms to safeguard against riskier banking activities. (12th Sep 2011)
63rd Manchester United become the first English team to compete in the European Cup. (12th Sep 1956)
276th Great Britain, Austria and Savoy-Sardinia sign the Treaty of Worms. (13th Sep 1743)
79th World War II: German bombs damage Buckingham Palace. (13th Sep 1940)
15th A Fathers 4 Justice campaigner dressed as Batman breaches security at Buckingham Palace. (13th Sep 2004)
81st Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain meets German Chancellor Adolf Hitler in an attempt to negotiate an end to German expansionist policies. (13th Sep 1938)
337th Bishop Gore School, one of the oldest schools in Wales, is founded. (14th Sep 1682)
267th The British Empire adopts the Gregorian calendar, skipping eleven days (the previous day was September 2). (14th Sep 1752)
55th The final edition of the left-wing Daily Herald newspaper is published. It is replaced by The Sun newspaper the following day. (14th Sep 1964)
95th First BBC broadcast from Belfast (station 2BE). (14th Sep 1924)
189th The Liverpool to Manchester railway line opens. (15th Sep 1830)
184th HMS Beagle, with Charles Darwin aboard, reaches the Galápagos Islands. (15th Sep 1835)
103rd World War I: Tanks are used for the first time in battle, at the Battle of the Somme. (15th Sep 1916)
79th World War II: The climax of the Battle of Britain, when the Royal Air Force shoots down large numbers of Luftwaffe aircraft. (15th Sep 1940)
15th Parliament is suspended after pro-hunt campaigners break into the House of Commons. (15th Sep 2004)
15th Parliament is suspended after pro-hunt campaigners break into the House of Commons (15th Sep 2004)
8th The Fixed-term Parliaments Act is passed. This requires General Elections to take place at fixed five-year intervals, starting with 7 May 2015, removing the prerogative of Prime Ministers to select a date. (15th Sep 2011)
53rd Britain's first Polaris submarine, HMS Resolution, launched at Barrow-in-Furness, (15th Sep 1966)
3rd A blast and fire on a tube train at Parsons Green station is treated as a terrorist attack. A number of people suffer burn injuries, while others are injured during the trample to escape. (15th Sep 2016)
619th Owain Glynd?r is declared Prince of Wales by his followers. (16th Sep 1400)
399th The Mayflower starts her voyage to North America (16th Sep 1620)
318th James Francis Edward Stuart, sometimes called the "Old Pretender", becomes the Jacobite claimant to the thrones of England and Scotland. (16th Sep 1701)
224th The first occupation by United Kingdom of Cape Colony, South Africa with the Battle of Hout Bay, after successive victories at the Battle of Muizenberg and Wynberg, after William V requested protection against revolutionary France's occupation of the Netherlands. (16th Sep 1795)
27th Black Wednesday: the Pound Sterling is forced out of the European Exchange Rate Mechanism by currency speculators and is forced to devalue against the German mark. (16th Sep 1992)
9th The Pope makes a visit to the Britian (16th Sep 2010)
9th Pope Benedict XVI arrives in Edinburgh to start a four-day state visit to Britain its first papal visit since that of his predecessor Pope John Paul II in 1982. (16th Sep 2010)
8th Four miners died in Gleision Colliery tragedy. (16th Sep 2011)
73rd Popular quiz show Have a Go! with Wilfred Pickles first broadcast nationally on BBC Radio. (16th Sep 1946)
51st General Post Office divides post into first-class and second-class services. (16th Sep 1968)
61st relaxation of restrictions on hire purchase. (16th Sep 1958)
80th World War II: A German U-boat U 29 sinks the British aircraft carrier HMS Courageous. (17th Sep 1939)
56th RAF Fylingdales radar station on the North York Moors begins operation as part of the United States Ballistic Missile Early Warning System. (17th Sep 1963)
10th Three members of the CIRA are jailed in Northern Ireland for 15 years each for having a live Mortar Bomb. Riots break out in Lurgan, County Armagh as a consequence. (17th Sep 2009)
230th William Herschel discovers Mimas, another of Saturn's moons. (17th Sep 1789)
53rd Oberon-class submarine HMCS Okanagan launched at Chatham Dockyard, the last warship to be built there. (17th Sep 1966)
26th the British National Party wins its first council seat, in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets. (17th Sep 1993)
210th The Royal Opera House in London opens. (18th Sep 1809)
181st The Anti-Corn Law League is established by Richard Cobden. (18th Sep 1838)
140th The Blackpool Illuminations are switched on for the first time. (18th Sep 1879)
75th World War II: The British submarine HMS Tradewind torpedoes Juny? Maru, 5,600 killed. (18th Sep 1944)
16th Sarah Teather of the Liberal Democrats becomes MP for Brent East after 29 years of Labour control. (18th Sep 2003)
65th Marble head of Mithras unearthed in Walbrook Square, London. (18th Sep 1954)
105th The Government of Ireland Act, granting Home Rule to the whole of Ireland, and the Welsh Church Act, disestablishing the Church in Wales, receive Royal Assent but implementation of both is postponed for the duration of World War. (18th Sep 1914)
305th King George arrives in Britain for the first time, landing at Greenwich. (18th Sep 1714)
80th Fascist politician William Joyce begins broadcasting Nazi propaganda under the name Lord Haw-Haw. (18th Sep 1939)
64th United Kingdom annexes Rockall. (18th Sep 1955)
663rd Battle of Poitiers: an English army under the command of Edward, the Black Prince defeats a French army and captures the French king, John II. (19th Sep 1356)
74th Lord Haw Haw (William Joyce) is sentenced to death in London. (19th Sep 1945)
73rd The Council of Europe is founded following a speech by Winston Churchill at the University of Zurich. (19th Sep 1946)
67th The United States bars Charlie Chaplin from re-entering the country after a trip to England. (19th Sep 1952)
49th The first Glastonbury Festival is held at Michael Eavis's farm in Glastonbury, United Kingdom. (19th Sep 1970)
47th A parcel bomb sent to Israeli Embassy in London kills one diplomat. (19th Sep 1972)
26th Production of the Ford Orion compact saloon ends. (19th Sep 1993)
5th Scotland votes "No" to Scottish independence by a margin of 55.3% to 44.7%. (19th Sep 2014)
44th The first episode of the sitcom Fawlty Towers was broadcast on BBC2 television. (19th Sep 1975)
33rd Two people are killed and 100 injured at the Colwich rail crash. (19th Sep 1986)
53rd Scotland Yard arrests Ronald "Buster" Edwards, suspected of being involved in the Great Train Robbery. (19th Sep 1966)
41st British Police launch a massive murder hunt, following the discovery of the dead body of newspaper boy Carl Bridgewater (13) at a farmhouse near Kingswinford in the West Midlands. Carl is believed to have been shot dead after disturbing a burglary at the property. (19th Sep 1978)
159th The Prince of Wales (later King Edward VII of the United Kingdom) visits the United States. (20th Sep 1860)
113th Cunard Line's RMS Mauretania is launched at the Swan Hunter & Wigham Richardson shipyard in Newcastle upon Tyne, England. (20th Sep 1906)
108th White Star Line's RMS Olympic collides with british warship HMS Hawke. (20th Sep 1911)
52nd RMS Queen Elizabeth 2 is launched at John Brown & Company, Clydebank, Scotland. It is operated by the Cunard Line. (20th Sep 1967)
19th The British MI6 Secret Intelligence Service building is attacked by a Russian-built Mark 22 anti-tank missile. (20th Sep 2000)
584th An agreement between Charles VII of France and Philip the Good ends the partnership between the English and Burgundy in Hundred Years' War. (20th Sep 1435)
7th Dale Cregan is charged with the murders of WPCs Fiona Bone and Nicola Hughes in Greater Manchester. (20th Sep 2012)
8th The UK's first commercial hydrogen filling station opened, in Swindon. (20th Sep 2011)
274th Battle of Prestonpans: A Hanoverian army under the command of Sir John Cope is defeated, in ten minutes, by the Jacobite forces of Prince Charles Edward Stuart (21st Sep 1745)
123rd British force under Horatio Kitchener takes Dongola in the Sudan. (21st Sep 1896)
82nd J. R. R. Tolkien's The Hobbit is published. (21st Sep 1937)
55th Malta becomes independent from the United Kingdom. (21st Sep 1964)
38th Belize is granted full independence from the United Kingdom. (21st Sep 1981)
258th George III and Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz are crowned King and Queen, respectively, of the Kingdom of Great Britain. (21st Sep 1761)
104th Cecil Chubb acquires Stonehenge at an auction for £6600 (21st Sep 1915)
8th An energy firm which had been test drilling for controversial "shale gas" in Lancashire said it had found vast gas resources underground. (21st Sep 2011)
123rd Queen Victoria surpasses her grandfather King George III as the longest reigning monarch in British history. (22nd Sep 1896)
109th The Duke of York's Picture House opens in Brighton, now the oldest continually operating cinema in Britain. (22nd Sep 1910)
85th An explosion takes place at Gresford Colliery in Wales, leading to the deaths of 266 miners and rescuers. (22nd Sep 1934)
64th The television channel ITV goes live for the first time. (22nd Sep 1955)
36th Docklands redevelopment in East London begins with the opening of an Enterprise Zone on the Isle of Dogs. (22nd Sep 1983)
30th The IRA bomb the Royal Marine School of Music in Deal, Kent killing 11 soldiers. (22nd Sep 1989)
64th First ITV franchises of Independent Television Authority begin broadcasting the UK's first commercial television ending the 18-year monopoly of the BBC. The first advertisement shown is for Gibbs SR toothpaste. (22nd Sep 1955)
3rd Transport for London (TfL) announces that ride-hailing app Uber is "not fit and proper" to operate in London and will not have its licence renewed. (22nd Sep 2016)
560th Battle of Blore Heath, the first major battle of the English Wars of the Roses, is fought at Blore Heath in Staffordshire. (23rd Sep 1459)
378th The Merchant Royal, carrying a treasure worth over a billion US dollars, is lost at sea off Land's End. (23rd Sep 1641)
56th The Robbins Report recommends immediate expansion of universities, and that university places "should be available to all who were qualified for them by ability and attainment". (23rd Sep 1963)
45th Ceefax was started by the BBC - one of the first public service information systems. (23rd Sep 1974)
9th The Thanet Wind Farm is officially opened. (23rd Sep 2010)
43rd A fire on the destroyer HMS Glasgow while being fitted out at Swan Hunter' yard at Wallsend on Tyne kills eight men (23rd Sep 1976)
501st Royal College of Physicians founded in London. (23rd Sep 1518)
374th Battle of Rowton Heath, Parliamentarian victory over a Royalist army commanded in person by King Charles (24th Sep 1645)
355th The Dutch Republic surrenders New Amsterdam to England. (24th Sep 1664)
178th The Sultan of Brunei cedes Sarawak to the United Kingdom. (24th Sep 1841)
953rd The Battle of Stamford Bridge marks the end of the Viking invasions of England. (24th Sep 1066)
20th Phase 2 of the Jubilee Line extension of the London Underground opens between North Greenwich and Waterloo. (24th Sep 1999)
44th Dougal Haston and Doug Scott became the first British people to climb Mount Everest. (24th Sep 1975)
33rd The floatation of the Trustee Savings Banks attracts a record of more than 4 million applications for shares. (24th Sep 1986)
63rd TAT-1, the first submarine transatlantic telephone cable system, is inaugurated. (25th Sep 1956)
36th Maze Prison escape: 38 republican prisoners, armed with 6 handguns, hijack a prison meals lorry and smash their way out of the Maze prison. It is the largest prison escape since WWII and in British history. (25th Sep 1983)
201st Dr James Blundell carries out the first blood transfusion using human blood. (25th Sep 1818)
36th First screening of the classic Yellow Pages TV advert featuring the fictional J.R. Hartley. (25th Sep 1983)
66th End of post-War sugar rationing. (25th Sep 1953)
86th London Underground's Central Line opens platforms at Holborn Station to replace Museum Street, which closed the day before. (25th Sep 1933)
9th Ed Miliband is elected to become Leader of the Labour Party and Leader of the Opposition, narrowly beating his brother David in the final round of the leadership contest. (25th Sep 2010)
13th One man dies when the 14:25 from Plymouth to Edinburgh operated by Virgin Trains hits a car at about 20:55. (25th Sep 2006)
439th Sir Francis Drake finishes his circumnavigation of the Earth. (26th Sep 1580)
332nd The city council of Amsterdam votes to support William of Orange's invasion of England, which became the Glorious Revolution. (26th Sep 1687)
85th Steamship RMS Queen Mary is launched. (26th Sep 1934)
46th Concorde makes its first non-stop crossing of the Atlantic in record-breaking time. (26th Sep 1973)
35th The United Kingdom agrees to the handover of Hong Kong (26th Sep 1984)
11th Swiss pilot and inventor Yves Rossy becomes first person to fly a jet engine-powered wing across the English Channel. (26th Sep 2008)
30th Nigel Lawson resigns as Chancellor of the Exchequer to be replaced by John Major. (26th Sep 1989)
64th Birdseye begins selling fish fingers in Britain. (26th Sep 1955)
51st Theatres Act 1968 ends censorship of the theatre. (26th Sep 1968)
953rd William the Conqueror and his army set sail from the mouth of the Somme River, beginning the Norman Conquest of England. (27th Sep 1066)
194th The Stockton and Darlington Railway opens, and begins operation of the world's first service of locomotive-hauled passenger trains. (27th Sep 1825)
55th The British TSR-2 aircraft XR219 makes its maiden flight from Boscombe Down in Wiltshire. (27th Sep 1964)
51st The stage musical Hair opens at the Shaftesbury Theatre in London, where it played 1,998 performances until its closure was forced by the roof collapsing in July 1973. (27th Sep 1968)
81st RMS Queen Elizabeth is launched at Clydebank; she is the largest ship in the world at this time. (27th Sep 1938)
44th The National Railway Museum was opened in York, becoming the first national museum outside London. (27th Sep 1975)
3rd Measles is declared eradicated in the UK for the first time. (27th Sep 2016)
913th The Battle of Tinchebrai - Henry I of England defeats his brother, Robert Curthose. (28th Sep 1106)
91st The U.K. Parliament passes the Dangerous Drugs Act outlawing cannabis. (28th Sep 1928)
91st Sir Alexander Fleming notices a bacteria-killing mold growing in his laboratory, discovering what later became known as penicillin. (28th Sep 1928)
48th Parliament passes the Misuse of Drugs Act 1971 banning the medicinal use of cannabis. (28th Sep 1971)
44th The Spaghetti House siege, in which nine people are taken hostage, takes place in London. (28th Sep 1975)
96th First publication of the Radio Times listings magazine. (28th Sep 1923)
35th The High Court rules that the miner's strike is unlawful. (28th Sep 1984)
155th The International Workingmen's Association is founded in London. (28th Sep 1864)
44th The Spaghetti House siege, in which nine people were taken as hostages, took place in London. (28th Sep 1975)
154th Elizabeth Garrett Anderson graduates as Britain's first woman doctor. (28th Sep 1865)
91st Dangerous Drugs Act 1925 comes into effect, placing restrictions on the use of cannabis. (28th Sep 1928)
655th Battle of Auray: English forces defeat the French in Brittany; end of the Breton War of Succession. (29th Sep 1364)
369th Henry Robinson opens his Office of Addresses and Encounters in Threadneedle Street, London. (29th Sep 1650)
190th The Metropolitan Police of London, later also known as the Met, is founded. (29th Sep 1829)
169th The Roman Catholic hierarchy is re-established in England and Wales by Pope Pius IX. (29th Sep 1850)
134th The first practical public electric tramway in the world is opened in Blackpool, England. (29th Sep 1885)
56th The University of East Anglia is established in Norwich, England. (29th Sep 1963)
12th Calder Hall, the world's first commercial nuclear power station, is demolished in a controlled explosion. (29th Sep 2007)
10th Britain's biggest selling newspaper, The Sun withdraws its support for the Labour Party and gives its backing to the Conservatives. (29th Sep 2009)
73rd BBC Third Programme begins broadcasting. (29th Sep 1946)
303rd The original Portland Bill Lighthouse is first illuminated. (29th Sep 1716)
81st Chamberlain signs the Munich Agreement; and a resolution with Germany determining to resolve all future disputes between the two countries through peaceful means. (29th Sep 1938)
101st first performance of Gustav Holst's orchestral suite The Planets, before an invited audience at the Queen's Hall in London, conducted by Adrian Boult. (29th Sep 1918)
620th Henry IV is proclaimed King of England. (30th Sep 1399)
159th Britain's first tram service begins in Birkenhead, Merseyside. (30th Sep 1860)
131st Jack the Ripper kills his third and fourth victims, Elizabeth Stride and Catherine Eddowes. (30th Sep 1888)
118th Hubert Cecil Booth patents the vacuum cleaner. (30th Sep 1901)
74th The Bourne End rail crash, in Hertfordshire, England, kills 43 (30th Sep 1945)
53rd The British protectorate of Bechuanaland declares its independence, and becomes the Republic of Botswana. Seretse Khama takes office as the first President. (30th Sep 1966)
52nd BBC Radio 1 is launched and Tony Blackburn presents its first show; the BBC's other national radio stations also adopt numeric names. (30th Sep 1967)
25th Aldwych tube station (originally Strand Station) of the London Underground closes after eighty-eight years of service. (30th Sep 1994)
81st Neville Chamberlain returns to the UK from Munich, at Heston Aerodrome memorably waving the resolution signed the day earlier with Germany, and later in Downing Street giving his famous Peace for our time speech. (30th Sep 1938)
54th First episode of Thunderbirds airs. (30th Sep 1965)
84th The London and North Eastern Railway begins to run the Silver Jubilee train between London King's Cross and Newcastle upon Tyne, Britain's first streamliner, using Nigel Gresley's LNER Class A4 steam locomotives. (30th Sep 1935)
83rd Official opening of Pinewood Studios. (30th Sep 1936)



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