All British Historical Anniversaries in July 2019

I often wonder what significant anniversaries are due at some point in the future as some of them might be of interest as triggers for blog posts or visits somewhere. However, it is often difficult to find out quickly what events have significant anniversaries - hence this section on the website.

By "significant anniversaries", I mean dates that are not, for example, the 73rd anniversary of something, but the 50th, 100th, 200th etc.

It should help to flag up interesting events.

Anniversaries during July 2019

Note: This page lists ALL anniversaries, not just the key dates.
For that more useful list, click here.

182nd A system of the civil registration of births, marriages and deaths is established in England and Wales. (1st Jul 1837)
161st Joint reading of Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace's papers on evolution to the Linnean Society. (1st Jul 1858)
138th General Order 70, the culmination of the Cardwell and Childers reforms of the British Army, comes into effect. (1st Jul 1881)
103rd World War I: First day on the Somme - On the first day of the Battle of the Somme 19,000 soldiers of the British Army are killed and 40,000 wounded (1st Jul 1916)
56th The British Government admits that former diplomat Kim Philby had worked as a Soviet agent. (1st Jul 1963)
47th The first Gay Pride march in England takes place. (1st Jul 1972)
20th The Scottish Parliament is officially opened by Queen Elizabeth II on the day that legislative powers are officially transferred from the old Scottish Office in London to the new devolved Scottish Executive in Edinburgh. (1st Jul 1999)
12th Smoking in England is banned in all public indoor spaces. (1st Jul 2007)
10th The government announces that it is taking the InterCity East Coast franchise into a period of public ownership, after the incumbent operator, National Express East Coast, said it planned to default on its franchise agreement. (1st Jul 2009)
305th Parliament offers the Longitude prize to anyone who can solve the problem of accurately determining a ship's longitude. (date uncertain) (1st Jul 1714)
80th Women's Land Army re-formed to work in agriculture. (1st Jul 1939)
71st The Town and Country Planning Act 1947 and its equivalent in Scotland come into effect as the foundation of modern town and country planning in the United Kingdom, requiring planning permission for land development and establishing the system of Listed buildings. (1st Jul 1948)
71st The National Museum of Wales opens the Welsh Folk Museum at St Fagans to the public, the first open-air museum in the UK (director: Iorwerth Peate). (1st Jul 1948)
101st explosion of 8 tons of TNT at the National Shell Filling Factory, Chilwell (Nottinghamshire) kills 134; only 32 bodies can be positively identified. (1st Jul 1918)
406th The first English expedition from Massachusetts against Acadia led by Samuel Argall takes place. (2nd Jul 1613)
375th English Civil War: Battle of Marston Moor. (2nd Jul 1644)
321st Thomas Savery patents the first steam engine. (2nd Jul 1698)
154th The Christian Mission, later renamed The Salvation Army, is founded in Whitechapel, London by William and Catherine Booth. (2nd Jul 1865)
81st World speed record for a steam railway locomotive is set in England, by the Mallard, which reaches a speed of 126 miles per hour (203 km/h). (3rd Jul 1938)
49th The Troubles: the "Falls Curfew" begins in Belfast, Northern Ireland. (3rd Jul 1970)
49th A British Dan-Air De Havilland Comet chartered jetliner crashes into mountains north of Barcelona, Spain killing 113 people. (3rd Jul 1970)
23rd Stone of Scone is returned to Scotland. (3rd Jul 1996)
7th Barclay's CEO, Bob Diamond resigns following a scandal in which the bank tried to manipulate the Libor and Euribor interest rates systems. (3rd Jul 2012)
182nd Grand Junction Railway, the world's first long-distance railway, opens between Birmingham and Liverpool. (4th Jul 1837)
157th Lewis Carroll tells Alice Liddell a story that would grow into Alice's Adventures in Wonderland and its sequels. (4th Jul 1862)
154th Alice's Adventures in Wonderland is published. (4th Jul 1865)
65th Fourteen years of rationing during and following World War II comes to an end when meat officially comes off ration. (4th Jul 1954)
180th Chartists riot in Birmingham. (4th Jul 1839)
71st Northwood mid-air collision: A Scandinavian Airlines Douglas DC-6 and an Avro York of No. 99 Squadron RAF collide over Northwood, London and crash killing all 39 people aboard both aircraft. (4th Jul 1948)
126th an underground explosion at Combs Pit, Thornhill, West Yorkshire, kills 135. (4th Jul 1893)
724th Scotland and France form an alliance, the so-called "Auld Alliance", against England. (5th Jul 1295)
409th John Guy sets sail from Bristol with 39 other colonists for Newfoundland. (5th Jul 1610)
332nd Isaac Newton publishes Philosophiĉ Naturalis Principia Mathematica. (5th Jul 1687)
206th War of 1812: three weeks of British raids on Fort Schlosser, Black Rock and Plattsburgh, New York begin. (5th Jul 1813)
154th The Salvation Army is founded in the East End of London, England. (5th Jul 1865)
79th World War II: the United Kingdom and the Vichy France government break off diplomatic relations. (5th Jul 1940)
71st National Health Service Acts created the national public health systems in the United Kingdom (5th Jul 1948)
65th The BBC broadcasts its first television news bulletin. (5th Jul 1954)
44th Arthur Ashe becomes the first black man to win the Wimbledon singles title. (5th Jul 1975)
23rd Dolly the sheep becomes the first mammal cloned from an adult cell. (5th Jul 1996)
20th Wolverhampton, England is hit by storms which include a tornado. The area is hit again with severe storms on August 1. (5th Jul 1999)
10th The largest hoard of Anglo-Saxon gold ever discovered, consisting of more than 1,500 items, is found near the village of Hammerwich, near Lichfield, in Staffordshire, England. (5th Jul 2009)
7th The Shard, the tallest building in Europe and the tallest habitable free-standing structure in the UK, is officially opened. (5th Jul 2012)
154th First speed limit is introduced in Britain by the Locomotive Act — 2 mph in town and 4 mph in the country. (5th Jul 1865)
31st the Church of England announces that it will allow the ordination of female priests from 1992. (5th Jul 1988)
830th Richard I "the Lionheart" is crowned King of England. (6th Jul 1189)
536th Richard III is crowned King of England. (6th Jul 1483)
484th Sir Thomas More is executed for treason against King Henry VIII of England. (6th Jul 1535)
462nd King Philip II of Spain, consort of Queen Mary I of England, sets out from Dover to war with France, which eventually results in the loss of the City of Calais, the last English possession on the continent, and Mary I never seeing her husband again. (6th Jul 1557)
459th The Treaty of Edinburgh is signed by Scotland and England. (6th Jul 1560)
134th Louis Pasteur successfully tests his vaccine against rabies. The patient is Joseph Meister, a boy who was bitten by a rabid dog. (6th Jul 1885)
127th Dadabhai Naoroji is elected as the first Indian Member of Parliament in Britain. (6th Jul 1892)
100th The British dirigible R34 lands in New York, completing the first crossing of the Atlantic Ocean by an airship. (6th Jul 1919)
83rd A major breach of the Manchester, Bolton and Bury Canal in England sends millions of gallons of water cascading 200 feet (61 m) into the River Irwell. (6th Jul 1936)
41st The Taunton sleeping car fire occurs in Taunton, Somerset killing twelve people. (6th Jul 1978)
31st The Piper Alpha drilling platform in the North Sea is destroyed by explosions and fires. 167 oil workers are killed, making it the world's worst offshore oil disaster. (6th Jul 1988)
22nd The Troubles: Five days of fierce riots and clashes in Irish nationalist districts of Northern Ireland begin. (6th Jul 1997)
46th The James Bond film Live and Let Die is released in British cinemas. (6th Jul 1973)
15th The Queen unveils a memorial fountain to Diana, Princess of Wales. (6th Jul 2004)
130th Several aristocrats are implicated in the Cleveland Street scandal after police raid a male brothel in London. (6th Jul 1889)
15th The Queen unveils a memorial fountain to Diana, Princess of Wales. (6th Jul 2004)
444th Raid of the Redeswire, the last major battle between England and Scotland. (7th Jul 1575)
108th The United States, Great Britain, Japan, and Russia sign the North Pacific Fur Seal Convention of 1911 banning open-water seal hunting, the first international treaty to address wildlife preservation issues. (7th Jul 1911)
34th Boris Becker becomes the youngest player ever to win Wimbledon at age 17 (7th Jul 1985)
17th A scandal breaks out when news reports accuse MI6 of sheltering Abu Qatada, the supposed European Al Qaeda leader. (7th Jul 2002)
14th A series of four explosions occurs on London's transport system killing 56 people including four alleged suicide bombers and injuring over 700 others. (7th Jul 2005)
106th The Irish Home Rule Bill is once again carried in the House of Commons, despite attempts by Bonar Law to obstruct it. (7th Jul 1913)
36th Chancellor Nigel Lawson announces public spending cuts of £500 million. (7th Jul 1983)
256th The British East India Company declare Mir Qasim, the Nawab of Bengal, to be deposed. (7th Jul 1763)
14th A series of co-ordinated terrorist bombings strike London's public transport system during the morning rush hour. (7th Jul 2005)
41st the Solomon Islands become independent from the United Kingdom. (7th Jul 1978)
356th Charles II of England grants John Clarke a Royal Charter to Rhode Island. (8th Jul 1663)
197th Chippewas turn over a huge tract of land in Ontario to the United Kingdom. (8th Jul 1822)
15th Marks and Spencer rejects a takeover bid by retail tycoon Philip Green. (8th Jul 2004)
54th Great Train Robber Ronald Biggs escapes from Wandsworth Prison. (8th Jul 1965)
31st the final large stationary steam engine in use in a British factory, is shut down at a tannery in Otley. (8th Jul 1988)
479th King Henry VIII of England annuls his marriage to his fourth wife, Anne of Cleves. (9th Jul 1540)
119th Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom gives royal assent to an Act creating the Commonwealth of Australia thus uniting separate colonies on the continent under one federal government. (9th Jul 1900)
76th World War II: Operation Husky - Allied forces perform an amphibious invasion of Sicily. (9th Jul 1943)
47th The Troubles: In Belfast, British Army snipers shoot five civilians dead in the Springhill Massacre. (9th Jul 1972)
35th A bolt of lightning strikes York Minster and causes extensive fire damage which is expected to cost millions of pounds to repair. (9th Jul 1984)
304th Imprisonment of Robert Harley, Earl of Oxford, in the Tower of London for his part in the negotiations over the Treaty of Utrecht. (9th Jul 1715)
3rd The Lake District becomes an officially recognised UNESCO World Heritage Site. (9th Jul 2016)
81st gas masks are issued to the civilian population. (9th Jul 1938)
807th The most severe of several early fires of London burns most of the city to the ground. (10th Jul 1212)
559th Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick defeats the king's Lancastrian forces and takes King Henry VI prisoner in the Battle of Northampton. (10th Jul 1460)
466th Lady Jane Grey takes the throne of England. (10th Jul 1553)
374th English Civil War: The Battle of Langport takes place. (10th Jul 1645)
241st American Revolution: Louis XVI of France declares war on the Kingdom of Great Britain. (10th Jul 1778)
213th The Vellore Mutiny is the first instance of a mutiny by Indian sepoys against the British East India Company. (10th Jul 1806)
98th Belfast's Bloody Sunday: 16 people are killed and 161 houses destroyed during rioting and gun battles in Belfast, Northern Ireland. (10th Jul 1921)
79th Battle of Britain - The German Luftwaffe begins attacking British convoys in the English Channel thus starting the battle (this start date is contested, though). (10th Jul 1940)
39th Alexandra Palace burns down for a second time. (10th Jul 1980)
8th British tabloid News of the World publishes its last edition after 168 years in the wake of a phone hacking scandal. (10th Jul 2011)
55th More than 300 people are injured in Liverpool when a crowd of some 150,000 people welcome The Beatles back to their home city. (10th Jul 1964)
9th A week long police manhunt for Raoul Moat comes to an end after he shoots himself dead following a six-hour stand off with officers in a field at Rothbury, Northumberland. (10th Jul 2010)
204th Apothecaries Act prohibits unlicensed medical practitioners. (10th Jul 1815)
61st first parking meters installed in the UK. (10th Jul 1958)
243rd Captain James Cook begins his third voyage. (11th Jul 1776)
171st Waterloo railway station in London opens. (11th Jul 1848)
137th The British Mediterranean fleet begins the Bombardment of Alexandria in Egypt as part of the 1882 Anglo-Egyptian War. (11th Jul 1882)
57th First transatlantic satellite television transmission. (11th Jul 1962)
30th Britain's dock workers go on strike in protest against the abolition of the Dock Labour Scheme. (11th Jul 1989)
329th Glorious Revolution: Battle of the Boyne. (12th Jul 1690)
1092nd Æthelstan, King of England, secures a pledge from Constantine II of Scotland that the latter will not ally with Viking kings, beginning the process of unifying Great Britain. (12th Jul 0927)
476th King Henry VIII of England marries his sixth and last wife, Catherine Parr, at Hampton Court Palace. (12th Jul 1543)
87th Hedley Verity takes a cricket world record 10 wickets for 10 runs in a county match for Yorkshire (12th Jul 1932)
57th The Rolling Stones perform their first ever concert, at the Marquee Club in London. (12th Jul 1962)
15th Chancellor of the Exchequer Gordon Brown announces the loss of 100,000 civil service jobs in the UK. (12th Jul 2004)
35th Robert Maxwell buys the Daily Mirror for £113.4 million. (12th Jul 1984)
75th Release of Laurence Olivier's Henry V, the first work of Shakespeare filmed in colour. (12th Jul 1944)
3rd A gay man, John Walker, wins a landmark ruling at the Supreme Court, giving his husband the same pension rights as a wife would receive. (12th Jul 2016)
21st three young children are killed in a loyalist arson attack in Ballymoney, Northern Ireland. (12th Jul 1998)
126th Dundee football club, is formed. (12th Jul 1893)
845th William I of Scotland, a key rebel in the Revolt of 1173-1174, is captured at Alnwick by forces loyal to Henry II of England. (13th Jul 1174)
376th English Civil War: Battle of Roundway Down - In England, Henry Wilmot, 1st Earl of Rochester, commanding the Royalist forces, heavily defeats the Parliamentarian forces led by Sir William Waller. (13th Jul 1643)
100th The British airship R34 lands in Norfolk, England, completing the first airship return journey across the Atlantic in 182 hours of flight. (13th Jul 1919)
57th In an unprecedented action, British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan dismisses seven members of his Cabinet, marking the effective end of the National Liberals as a distinct force within British politics. (13th Jul 1962)
34th The Live Aid benefit concert takes place in London and Philadelphia, as well as other venues such as Sydney and Moscow. (13th Jul 1985)
34th Live Aid pop concerts in London and Philadelphia raise over £50 million for famine relief in Ethiopia. (13th Jul 1985)
64th Ruth Ellis becomes the last woman to be hanged in the UK, at HM Prison Holloway, for shooting dead a lover, David Blakely, outside a pub in Hampstead in April. (13th Jul 1955)
228th The Priestley Riots drive Joseph Priestley, a supporter of the French Revolution, out of Birmingham, England. (14th Jul 1791)
15th The Butler Inquiry releases its report, mildly criticising the government in their use of intelligence relating to Weapons of Mass Destruction in Iraq. (14th Jul 2004)
25th The Queen opens the new £150million headquarters of MI6 on the banks of the River Thames in London. (14th Jul 1994)
5th The Church of England votes to allow women to be ordained as bishops. (14th Jul 2014)
15th The Butler Inquiry releases its report, mildly criticising the government in their use of intelligence relating to Weapons of Mass Destruction in Iraq. (14th Jul 2004)
812th King John of England expels Canterbury monks for supporting Archbishop Stephen Langton. (15th Jul 1207)
638th John Ball, a leader in the Peasants' Revolt, is hanged, drawn and quartered in the presence of King Richard II of England. (15th Jul 1381)
334th Monmouth Rebellion: James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth is executed at Tower Hill, England after his defeat at the Battle of Sedgemoor on 6 July 1685. (15th Jul 1685)
220th The Rosetta Stone is found in the Egyptian village of Rosetta by French Captain Pierre-François Bouchard during Napoleon's Egyptian Campaign. (15th Jul 1799)
66th John Christie is hanged at Pentonville Prison, where a large crowd wait for the notice of execution to be posted. (15th Jul 1953)
55th The Post Office Tower in London is completed, although it does not begin operation until October 1965. (15th Jul 1964)
65th Donald McGill, the artist of saucy seaside postcards, found guilty of breaching the Obscene Publications Act 1857. (15th Jul 1954)
130th The Scottish National Portrait Gallery opens in Edinburgh, the first in the world to be purpose-built as a portrait gallery. (15th Jul 1889)
41st German terrorist Astrid Proll arrested in London. (15th Jul 1978)
71st first London chapter of Alcoholics Anonymous. (15th Jul 1948)
101st ration books introduced for butter, margarine, lard, meat, and sugar. (15th Jul 1918)
642nd Coronation of Richard II of England. (16th Jul 1377)
104th Henry James becomes a British citizen, to highlight his commitment to England during the first World War. (16th Jul 1915)
74th World War II: the leaders of the three Allied nations, Winston Churchill, Harry S. Truman and Joseph Stalin, meet in the German city of Potsdam to decide the future of a defeated Germany. (16th Jul 1945)
26th MI5 publishes a booklet, The Security Service, revealing publicly for the first time its activities, operations and duties, as well as the identity and photographs of Stella Rimington as Director General. (16th Jul 1993)
302nd King George I of Great Britain sails down the River Thames with a barge of 50 musicians, where George Frideric Handel's Water Music is premiered. (17th Jul 1717)
102nd King George V of the United Kingdom issues a Proclamation stating that the male line descendants of the British royal family will bear the surname Windsor. (17th Jul 1917)
101st The RMS Carpathia, the ship that rescued the 705 survivors from the RMS Titanic, is sunk off Ireland by the German SM U-55; 5 lives are lost. (17th Jul 1918)
38th The opening of the Humber Bridge by HM The Queen in England. (17th Jul 1981)
45th A bomb planted by the Provisional IRA exploded in the Tower of London, killing one person and injuring 41. (17th Jul 1974)
51st the Beatles animated film Yellow Submarine debuts in London. (17th Jul 1968)
729th King Edward I of England issues the Edict of Expulsion, banishing all Jews (numbering about 16,000) from England; this was Tisha B'Av on the Hebrew calendar, a day that commemorates many Jewish calamities. (18th Jul 1290)
630th Kingdom of France and Kingdom of England agree to the Truce of Leulinghem, in inaugurating a 13 year peace; the longest period of sustained peace during the Hundred Years War. (18th Jul 1389)
16th David Kelly is found dead near his home in Oxfordshire in a suicide linked to his involvement in the Andrew Gilligan report into Iraq's WMD programme. (18th Jul 2003)
66th The Quatermass Experiment, first of the Quatermass science-fiction serials begins its run on BBC TV. (18th Jul 1953)
96th Matrimonial Causes Act grants wives he equal right to divorce husbands for adultery. (18th Jul 1923)
85th Opening of the Queensway Tunnel beneath the River Mersey by King George V. (18th Jul 1934)
3rd A flash flood sweeps through Coverack in Cornwall. (18th Jul 2016)
31st Paul Gascoigne, 21-year-old midfielder, becomes the first ?2,000,000 footballer signed by a British club when he leaves Newcastle United and joins Tottenham Hotspur. (18th Jul 1988)
686th Wars of Scottish Independence: Battle of Halidon Hill - The English win a decisive victory over the Scots. (19th Jul 1333)
474th The Tudor warship Mary Rose sinks off Portsmouth; in 1982 the wreck is salvaged in one of the most complex and expensive projects in the history of maritime archaeology. (19th Jul 1545)
466th Lady Jane Grey is replaced by Mary I of England as Queen of England after only nine days of reign. (19th Jul 1553)
431st Anglo-Spanish War: Battle of Gravelines - The Spanish Armada is sighted in the English Channel. (19th Jul 1588)
187th The British Medical Association is founded as the Provincial Medical and Surgical Association by Sir Charles Hastings at a meeting in the Board Room of the Worcester Infirmary. (19th Jul 1832)
79th World War II: Army order 112 forms the Intelligence Corps of the British Army. (19th Jul 1940)
47th Dhofar Rebellion: British SAS units help the Omani government against Popular Front for the Liberation of Oman rebels in the Battle of Mirbat. (19th Jul 1972)
22nd The Troubles: The Provisional Irish Republican Army resumes a ceasefire to end their 25-year campaign to end British rule in Northern Ireland. (19th Jul 1997)
15th The Government announces backing for the Crossrail project. (19th Jul 2004)
35th A magnitude 5.4 earthquake with an epicentre in the Ll?n Peninsula, North Wales is felt throughout the United Kingdom. (19th Jul 1984)
30th The BBC programme Panorama accuses Shirley Porter, Conservative Leader of Westminster City Council, of gerrymandering. (19th Jul 1989)
15th The Government announces backing for the Crossrail project. (19th Jul 2004)
176th Isambard Kingdom Brunel's SS Great Britain is launched from Bristol. (19th Jul 1843)
715th Wars of Scottish Independence: Fall of Stirling Castle - King Edward I of England takes the stronghold using the War Wolf. (20th Jul 1304)
37th Hyde Park and Regents Park bombings: The Provisional IRA detonates two bombs in Hyde Park and Regents Park in central London, killing eight soldiers, wounding forty-seven people, and leading to the deaths of seven horses. (20th Jul 1982)
616th Battle of Shrewsbury: King Henry IV of England defeats rebels to the north of the county town of Shropshire, England. (21st Jul 1403)
94th Sir Malcolm Campbell becomes the first man to break the 150 mph (241 km/h) land barrier at Pendine Sands in Wales. He drove a Sunbeam at a two-way average speed of 150.33 mph (242 km/h). (21st Jul 1925)
47th Bloody Friday bombings by the Provisional IRA around Belfast, Northern Ireland - 22 bombs are detonated, killing 9 and seriously injuring 130. (21st Jul 1972)
43rd Christopher Ewart-Biggs British ambassador to the Republic of Ireland is assassinated by the Provisional IRA. (21st Jul 1976)
206th Doctrine of the Trinity Act provides toleration for Unitarian worship. (21st Jul 1813)
25th Tony Blair wins the Labour Party leadership election defeating John Prescott and Margaret Beckett. (21st Jul 1994)
105th A conference at Buckingham Palace fails to resolve differences between Irish unionists and nationalists over Home Rule. (21st Jul 1914)
14th Four attempted bomb attacks in London disrupt part of the capital's public transport. However, there are no injuries. (21st Jul 2005)
721st Wars of Scottish Independence: Battle of Falkirk - King Edward I of England and his longbowmen defeat William Wallace and his Scottish schiltrons outside the town of Falkirk. (22nd Jul 1298)
535th Battle of Lochmaben Fair - A 500-man raiding party led by Alexander Stewart, Duke of Albany and James Douglas, 9th Earl of Douglas are defeated by Scots forces loyal to Albany's brother James III of Scotland; Douglas is captured. (22nd Jul 1484)
313th The Acts of Union 1707 are agreed upon by commissioners from the Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of Scotland, which, when passed by each countries' Parliaments, lead to the creation of the Kingdom of Great Britain. (22nd Jul 1706)
222nd Battle of Santa Cruz de Tenerife: Battle between Spanish and British naval forces during the French Revolutionary Wars. During the Battle, Rear-Admiral Nelson is wounded in the arm and the arm had to be partially amputated. (22nd Jul 1797)
14th Jean Charles de Menezes is killed by police as the hunt begins for the London Bombers responsible for the 7 July 2005 London bombings and the 21 July 2005 London bombings. (22nd Jul 2005)
10th Cardiff City F.C. move into their new Cardiff City Stadium, a 27,000 capacity all-seater venue, after 99 years at Ninian Park. (22nd Jul 2009)
14th Metropolitan Police shoot and kill Jean Charles de Menezes, believed by them (mistakenly) to be a suicide bomber. (22nd Jul 2005)
154th The SS Great Eastern departs on a voyage to lay a transatlantic telegraph cable. (22nd Jul 1865)
33rd In London, Prince Andrew, Duke of York marries Sarah Ferguson at Westminster Abbey. (23rd Jul 1986)
10th The Government launches the National Pandemic Flu Service across England, a website and phoneline allowing people who think they have the H1N1 virus to bypass the NHS to obtain antiviral drugs. (23rd Jul 2009)
48th Second phase of the Victoria Line on the London Underground opens between Highbury to Brixton. (23rd Jul 1971)
608th Battle of Harlaw, one of the bloodiest battles in Scotland, takes place. (24th Jul 1411)
452nd Mary, Queen of Scots, is forced to abdicate and replaced by her 1-year-old son James VI. (24th Jul 1567)
81st Test cricket is televised for the first time. (24th Jul 1938)
465th Mary I marries Philip II of Spain at Winchester Cathedral (25th Jul 1554)
416th James VI of Scotland is crowned as king of England (James I of England), bringing the Kingdom of England and Kingdom of Scotland into personal union. Political union would occur in 1707. (25th Jul 1603)
410th The English ship Sea Venture, en route to Virginia, is deliberately driven ashore during a storm at Bermuda to prevent its sinking; the survivors go on to found a new colony there. (25th Jul 1609)
224th The first stone of the Pontcysyllte Aqueduct is laid. (25th Jul 1795)
182nd The first commercial use of an electric telegraph is successfully demonstrated by William Cooke and Charles Wheatstone on 25 July 1837 between Euston and Camden Town in London. (25th Jul 1837)
110th Louis Blériot makes the first flight across the English Channel in a heavier-than-air machine from (Calais to Dover) in 37 minutes. (25th Jul 1909)
104th RFC Captain Lanoe Hawker becomes the first British military aviator to earn the Victoria Cross, for defeating three German two-seat observation aircraft in one day, over the Western Front. (25th Jul 1915)
60th SR-N1 hovercraft crosses the English Channel from Calais to Dover in just over 2 hours. (25th Jul 1959)
41st Louise Brown, the world's first "test tube baby" is born. (25th Jul 1978)
10th Harry Patch, the last British survivor of the First World War trenches and briefly the oldest man in the United Kingdom, dies at the age of 111. (25th Jul 2009)
205th George Stephenson puts his first steam locomotive into service, the Blücher for Killingworth Colliery on Tyneside. (25th Jul 1814)
30th The Princess of Wales opens the Landmark Aids Centre in London. (25th Jul 1989)
41st Motability, a charity which provides cars to disabled people, founded. (25th Jul 1978)
71st end of post-war bread rationing. (25th Jul 1948)
550th Wars of the Roses: the Battle of Edgecote Moor pitting the forces of Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick against those of Edward IV of England takes place. (26th Jul 1469)
216th The Surrey Iron Railway, arguably the world's first public railway, opens in south London. (26th Jul 1803)
83rd King Edward VIII, in one of his few official duties before he abdicates the throne, officially unveils the Canadian National Vimy Memorial. (26th Jul 1936)
75th The first German V-2 rocket hits Great Britain. (26th Jul 1944)
74th The Labour Party wins the United Kingdom general election of July 5 by a landslide, removing Winston Churchill from power. (26th Jul 1945)
68th Walt Disney's 13th animated film, Alice in Wonderland, premieres in London, United Kingdom. (26th Jul 1951)
12th Shambo, a black cow in Wales that had been adopted by the local Hindu community, is slaughtered due to a bovine tuberculosis infection, causing widespread controversy. (26th Jul 2007)
106th 50,000 women take part in a pilgrimage in Hyde Park, London organised by the National Union of Women's Suffrage Societies. (26th Jul 1913)
25th A bomb explodes outside the Israeli Embassy in London, injuring 14 people. (26th Jul 1994)
35th Trade Union Act prohibits unions from striking without a ballot. (26th Jul 1984)
105th Erskine Childers and his wife Molly sail into Howth in his yacht Asgard and land 2,500 guns for the Irish Volunteers. (26th Jul 1914)
205th Opening of Ryde Pier on the Isle of Wight, the first pier in Britain. (26th Jul 1814)
74th General election results are announced; Winston Churchill resigns as prime minister after his Conservative Party is soundly defeated by the Labour Party, who have a majority of 146 seats, and Clement Attlee becomes the new prime minister. It will be the first time that a Labour government with a commons majority has governed Britain. (26th Jul 1945)
61st the Queen gives her son Charles the customary title of Prince of Wales. (26th Jul 1958)
965th Siward, Earl of Northumbria invades Scotland and defeats Macbeth, King of Scotland somewhere north of the Firth of Forth. (27th Jul 1054)
805th Battle of Bouvines: in France, Philip II of France defeats John of England. (27th Jul 1214)
356th The English Parliament passes the second Navigation Act requiring that all goods bound for the American colonies have to be sent in English ships from English ports. (27th Jul 1663)
330th Glorious Revolution: the Battle of Killiecrankie ends. (27th Jul 1689)
325th A Royal Charter is granted to the Bank of England. (27th Jul 1694)
154th Welsh settlers arrive at Chubut in Argentina. (27th Jul 1865)
70th Initial flight of the de Havilland Comet, the first jet-powered airliner. (27th Jul 1949)
38th British television: on Coronation Street, Ken Barlow marries Deirdre Langton, which proves to be a national event scoring massive viewer numbers for the show. (27th Jul 1981)
7th The London 2012 Olympics opens. (27th Jul 2012)
54th Edward Heath becomes leader of the British Conservative Party following its first leadership election by secret ballot. (27th Jul 1965)
479th Thomas Cromwell is executed at the order of Henry VIII of England on charges of treason. Henry marries his fifth wife, Catherine Howard, on the same day. (28th Jul 1540)
71st The Metropolitan Police Flying Squad foils a bullion robbery in the "Battle of London Airport". (28th Jul 1948)
14th The Provisional Irish Republican Army calls an end to its thirty year long armed campaign in Northern Ireland. (28th Jul 2005)
14th Tornadoes touch down in a residential areas in south Birmingham and Coventry England, causing £4,000,000 worth of damages and injuring 39 people. (28th Jul 2005)
11th The historic Grand Pier in Weston-super-Mare burns down for the second time in 80 years. (28th Jul 2008)
31st Paddy Ashdown is elected leader of the Social Democrats and Liberal Democrats (28th Jul 1988)
55th Winston Churchill retires from the House of Commons at the age of 89. (28th Jul 1964)
107th London Underground's Central Line extension from Bank to Liverpool Street opens. (28th Jul 1912)
454th The widowed Mary, Queen of Scots, marries Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley, Duke of Albany, at Holyrood Palace in Edinburgh, Scotland. (29th Jul 1565)
452nd James VI is crowned King of Scotland at Stirling. (29th Jul 1567)
431st Anglo-Spanish War: Battle of Gravelines - English naval forces under the command of Lord Charles Howard and Sir Francis Drake defeat the Spanish Armada off the coast of Gravelines, France. (29th Jul 1588)
171st Irish Potato Famine: Tipperary Revolt - in Tipperary, an unsuccessful nationalist revolt against British rule is put down by police. (29th Jul 1848)
112th Sir Robert Baden Powell sets up the Brownsea Island Scout camp in Poole Harbour on the south coast of England. The camp runs from August 1 to August 9, 1907, and is regarded as the foundation of the Scouting movement. (29th Jul 1907)
74th The BBC Light Programme radio station is launched for mainstream light entertainment and music. (29th Jul 1945)
71st Olympic Games: The Games of the XIV Olympiad - after a hiatus of 12 years caused by World War II, the first Summer Olympics to be held since the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin, open in London. (29th Jul 1948)
38th A worldwide television audience of over 700 million people watch the wedding of Charles, Prince of Wales, and Lady Diana Spencer at St Paul's Cathedral in London. (29th Jul 1981)
32nd British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher and President of France François Mitterrand sign the agreement to build a tunnel under the English Channel (Eurotunnel). (29th Jul 1987)
9th Metro Bank opens its first branch, in Holborn, London, the first wholly new high street bank for more than a century. (29th Jul 2010)
71st Stoke Mandeville Games are held for the first time, the predecessor of the Paralympic Games. (29th Jul 1948)
551st Hansa merchants expelled from London; Anglo-Hanseatic War breaks out with the Hanseatic League in 1469. (29th Jul 1468)
13th The world's longest running music show Top of the Pops is broadcast for the last time on BBC Two. The show had aired for 42 years. (30th Jul 2006)
119th The London Underground's Central Line opens to the public. (30th Jul 1900)
84th Allen Lane founds Penguin Books to publish the first mass market paperbacks in Britain. (30th Jul 1935)
71st gas boards created as the government nationalises the gas industry. (30th Jul 1948)
81st The Beano comic first goes on sale, featuring the character Lord Snooty. (30th Jul 1938)
49th Black Tot Day: The last day of the officially sanctioned rum ration in the Royal Navy. (31st Jul 1970)
47th Operation Motorman: British troops move into the no-go areas of Belfast and Derry, Northern Ireland. End of Free Derry. (31st Jul 1972)
12th Operation Banner, the presence of the British Army in Northern Ireland, and the longest-running British Army operation ever, comes to an end. (31st Jul 2007)
46th Markham Colliery disaster: eighteen coal miners were killed at the coal mine when the brake mechanism on their cage fails. (31st Jul 1973)
96th The Liquor Act makes it illegal to sell alcoholic beverages to under-18s. (31st Jul 1923)
21st The government announces a total ban on the use of landmines by the British military. (31st Jul 1998)
51st the BBC sitcom Dad's Army is first aired on television. (31st Jul 1968)



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