List of Historical Anniversaries

I often wonder what significant anniversaries are due at some point in the future as some of them might be of interest as triggers for blog posts or visits somewhere. However, it is often difficult to find out quickly what events have significant anniversaries - hence this section on the website.

By "significant anniversaries", I mean dates that are not, for example, the 73rd anniversary of something, but the 50th, 100th, 200th etc.

It should help to flag up interesting events.

Anniversaries during April 2019

Note: This page lists ALL anniversaries, not just the key dates.
For that more useful list, click here.

AnniversaryDetails
726th Robert Winchelsey leaves England for Rome, to be consecrated as Archbishop of Canterbury. (1st Apr 1293)
701st Berwick-upon-Tweed is captured by the Scottish from England. (1st Apr 1318)
146th The British steamer RMS Atlantic sinks off Nova Scotia, killing 547. (1st Apr 1873)
111th The Territorial Force (renamed Territorial Army in 1920) is formed as a volunteer reserve component of the British Army. (1st Apr 1908)
101st The Royal Air Force is created by the merger of the Royal Flying Corps and the Royal Naval Air Service. (1st Apr 1918)
86th English cricketer Wally Hammond set a record for the highest individual Test innings of 336 not out, during a Test match against New Zealand. (1st Apr 1933)
62nd The BBC broadcasts the spaghetti tree hoax on its current affairs programme Panorama. (1st Apr 1957)
50th The Hawker Siddeley Harrier enters service with the Royal Air Force. (1st Apr 1969)
45th The Metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties come into being. (1st Apr 1974)
30th Margaret Thatcher's new local government tax, the Community Charge (commonly known as the "poll tax"), is introduced in Scotland. (1st Apr 1989)
13th The Serious Organised Crime Agency, dubbed the "British FBI", is created in the United Kingdom. (1st Apr 2006)
57th The first official Panda crossing is opened outside Waterloo station, London. (1st Apr 1962)
37th A 12-year-old unnamed Birmingham boy becomes one of the youngest people in England and Wales to be convicted of murder after he admits murdering an eight-year-old boy, and is sentenced to be detained indefinitely. (1st Apr 1982)
36th Thousands of protesters form a 14-mile human chain in reaction tp the siting of American nuclear weapons in British military bases. (1st Apr 1983)
46th VAT comes into effect in the UK. (1st Apr 1973)
1003rd King Cnut attacked London sometime around April-June, allegedly digging a canal in South London to bypass London Bridge. (1st Apr 1016)
10th A Super Puma helicopter crashes in the North Sea whilst transporting oil-rig workers. All 16 people on board, 14 passengers and 2 crew, are killed. (1st Apr 2009)
10th Protests are held across London ahead of the following day's G-20 summit. Police report 63 arrests across the city. The Metropolitan Police later announce that Ian Tomlinson died of a heart-attack during the protests. (1st Apr 2009)
55th Ministry of Defence takes over the duties of the War Office, Admiralty, and Air Ministry, which cease to exist. The title of Lord High Admiral is re-vested in the Monarch. (1st Apr 1964)
85th Surgeon R.K. Wilson allegedly takes a photograph of the Loch Ness Monster. (1st Apr 1934)
130th New elected county councils in England and Wales (including the London County Council) created by the Local Government Act 1888, take up their powers. (1st Apr 1889)
54th The Greater London Council comes into its powers, replacing the London County Council and greatly expanding the metropolitan area of the city. (1st Apr 1965)
72nd Raising of school leaving age to 15. (1st Apr 1947)
702nd Baron Roger Mortimer, newly appointed Justiciar of Ireland drives Scottish raiders back to the north of Ireland. (1st Apr 1317)
21st the historic counties of Herefordshire and Worcestershire are re-established, 24 years after they merged to form Hereford and Worcester. (1st Apr 1998)
41st first official naturist beach opens at Fairlight Glen in Covehurst Bay near Hastings. (1st Apr 1978)
51st Thames Valley Police is formed by the amalgamation of Berkshire Constabulary, Buckinghamshire Constabulary, Oxford City Police, Oxfordshire Constabulary and Reading Borough Police. (1st Apr 1968)
61st BBC Radiophonic Workshop created. (1st Apr 1958)
71st Nationalisation of the electricity supply industry under terms of the Electricity Act 1947 comes into effect. (1st Apr 1948)
91st Cinematograph Films Act 1927 comes into force, setting a minimum quota for British films to be shown in UK cinemas. (1st Apr 1928)
37th Argentina invades the Falkland Islands. (2nd Apr 1982)
12th The Attorney General for England and Wales, Lord Goldsmith, obtains an injunction from the High Court preventing the BBC from broadcasting an item about investigations into the alleged cash for honours political scandal. (2nd Apr 2007)
106th Suffragette Emmeline Pankhurst sentenced to three years of penal servitude. (2nd Apr 1913)
35th Youth gangs run riot in Wolverhampton, looting from shops. (2nd Apr 1984)
12th A smoking ban came into effect in all enclosed public places in Wales. (2nd Apr 2007)
976th Edward the Confessor is crowned King of England. (3rd Apr 1043)
131st The first of 11 unsolved brutal murders of women committed in or near the impoverished Whitechapel district in the East End of London, occurs. (3rd Apr 1888)
124th Trial of the libel case instigated by Oscar Wilde begins, eventually resulting in his imprisonment on charges of homosexuality. (3rd Apr 1895)
90th RMS Queen Mary is ordered from John Brown & Company Shipbuilding and Engineering by Cunard Line. (3rd Apr 1929)
86th First flight over Mount Everest, a British expedition, led by the Marquis of Clydesdale, and funded by Lucy, Lady Houston (3rd Apr 1933)
85th Percy Shaw patents the cat's eye road-safety device. (3rd Apr 1934)
52nd Anguillan-born Norwell Roberts becames the first black officer in London's Metropolitan Police Service. (3rd Apr 1967)
72nd The private healthcare firm BUPA founded. (3rd Apr 1947)
202nd The imposter, 'Princess Caraboo' appears in Almondsbury in Gloucestershire. (3rd Apr 1817)
41st permanent radio broadcasts of proceedings in the House of Commons begin. (3rd Apr 1978)
438th Francis Drake is knighted for completing a circumnavigation of the world. (4th Apr 1581)
359th Declaration of Breda by King Charles II of England. (4th Apr 1660)
298th Sir Robert Walpole enters office as the first Prime Minister of the United Kingdom under King George I. (4th Apr 1721)
207th US President James Madison enacted a ninety-day embargo on trade with the United Kingdom. (4th Apr 1812)
169th The Great Fire of Cottenham, a large part of the Cambridgeshire village (England) is burnt to the ground under suspicious circumstances. (4th Apr 1850)
146th The Kennel Club is founded, the oldest and first official registry of purebred dogs in the world. (4th Apr 1873)
70th Twelve nations sign the North Atlantic Treaty creating the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. (4th Apr 1949)
61st The CND Peace Symbol displayed in public for the first time in London. (4th Apr 1958)
12th 15 British Royal Navy personnel held in Iran are released by the Iranian President. (4th Apr 2007)
57th James Hanratty is hanged at Bedford Prison for the A6 murder, despite protestations from many people who believed he was innocent, and the late introduction of witnesses who claimed to have seen him in Rhyl, North Wales, on the day of the murder. (4th Apr 1962)
280th First performance of Handel's oratorio Israel in Egypt at the King's Theatre, London. (4th Apr 1739)
176th William Wordsworth accepts the office of Poet Laureate of the United Kingdom following the death of Robert Southey on 21 March. (4th Apr 1843)
398th The Mayflower sets sail from Plymouth, Massachusetts on a return trip to Great Britain. (5th Apr 1621)
215th The first recorded meteorite in Scotland falls in Possil. (5th Apr 1804)
145th The first civic public park, is opened in Birkenhead. (5th Apr 1874)
115th The first international rugby league match is played between England and an Other Nationalities team (Welsh & Scottish players) in Central Park, Wigan, England. (5th Apr 1904)
64th Winston Churchill resigns as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom amid indications of failing health. (5th Apr 1955)
64th Resignation of Winston Churchill as Prime Minister due to ill-health at the age of 80. (5th Apr 1955)
92nd Food Hoarding Order issued to prevent households from hoarding food in short supply. (5th Apr 1927)
26th Child Support Agency begins operation. (5th Apr 1993)
699th The Scots reaffirm their independence by signing the Declaration of Arbroath. (6th Apr 1320)
439th One of the largest earthquakes recorded in the history of England, Flanders, or Northern France, takes place. (6th Apr 1580)
124th Oscar Wilde is arrested in the Cadogan Hotel, London after losing a libel case against the Marquess of Queensberry. (6th Apr 1895)
54th The British Government announces the cancellation of the TSR-2 aircraft project. (6th Apr 1965)
27th Women's Royal Army Corps disbanded, its members being fully absorbed into the regular British Army. (6th Apr 1992)
30th The government announces an end to the legislation which effectively guarantees secure work for more than 9,000 dockers over the remainder of their working lives. (6th Apr 1989)
102nd Bakerloo Line extension on the London Underground from Queen's Park to Watford Junction opens. (6th Apr 1917)
41st State Earnings-Related Pension Scheme introduced. (6th Apr 1978)
192nd John Walker, an English chemist, sells the first friction match that he had invented the previous year. (7th Apr 1827)
111th H. H. Asquith of the Liberal Party takes office as Prime Minister, succeeding Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman (7th Apr 1908)
43rd Former British Cabinet Minister John Stonehouse resigns from the Labour Party. (7th Apr 1976)
7th The 158th University Boat Race between Oxford and Cambridge is stopped mid-race due to a swimmer in the water. Cambridge go on to win when a clash of oars at the restart leaves Oxford with a broken paddle. (7th Apr 2012)
61st the Church of England gives its moral backing to family planning. (7th Apr 1958)
926th The new Winchester Cathedral is dedicated by Walkelin. (8th Apr 1093)
133rd William Gladstone introduces the first Irish Home Rule Bill into the British House of Commons. (8th Apr 1886)
115th The French Third Republic and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland sign the Entente cordiale. (8th Apr 1904)
11th Karen Matthews, the mother of the kidnapped 9 year old girl, Shannon Matthews, was arrested for organising her daughter's kidnap. (8th Apr 2008)
6th Former British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher dies following a stroke. (8th Apr 2013)
22nd BBC journalist Martin Bell announces that he is to stand as a candidate against Neil Hamilton in the Tatton constituency on an anti-corruption platform. (8th Apr 1997)
606th Henry V is crowned King of England. (9th Apr 1413)
508th St John's College, Cambridge, England, founded by Lady Margaret Beaufort, receives its charter. (9th Apr 1511)
434th The expedition organised by Sir Walter Raleigh departs England for Roanoke Island (now in North Carolina) to establish the Roanoke Colony. (9th Apr 1585)
50th The first British-built Concorde 002 makes its maiden flight from Filton to RAF Fairford. (9th Apr 1969)
27th John Major's Conservative Party wins an unprecedented fourth general election victory. (9th Apr 1992)
14th Wedding of Charles, Prince of Wales and Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall; Charles, Prince of Wales marries Camilla Parker Bowles in a civil ceremony at Windsor's Guildhall. (9th Apr 2005)
11th The Iraq war effort is given a major boost when a statue of Saddam Hussein is toppled in Baghdad and it is confirmed that Hussein's rule has ended. (9th Apr 2008)
6th Six days after being appointed as Britain's first Youth Police and Crime Commissioner, Paris Brown steps down from the role after controversy over postings she made on twitter. (9th Apr 2013)
105th Showing of the first colour feature film in Britain — The World, the Flesh and the Devil. (9th Apr 1914)
180th The world's first commercial electric telegraph line comes into operation alongside the Great Western Railway line from Paddington station to West Drayton. (9th Apr 1839)
5th Maria Miller resigns of Culture Secretary following a row over her expenses, describing her decision as "the right thing to do". (9th Apr 2014)
9th Metal detectorist Dave Crisp discovered the Frome Hoard, 52,503 Roman coins dating to the period 253–305, one of the largest such finds in Britain. (9th Apr 2010)
74th Administration of Estates Act abolishes the legal rule of primogeniture in England and Wales and the remnants of gavelkind in Kent. (9th Apr 1945)
72nd How Does Your Garden Grow? first broadcast on BBC Radio, better known as Gardeners' Question Time. (9th Apr 1947)
752nd Gilbert de Clare, 6th Earl of Hertford occupies London. (9th Apr 1267)
413th The Charter of the Virginia Company of London is established by royal charter by James I of England with the purpose of establishing colonial settlements in North America. (10th Apr 1606)
309th The Statute of Anne, the first law regulating copyright, enters into force in Great Britain. (10th Apr 1710)
161st The original Big Ben, a 14.5 tonne bell for the Palace of Westminster is cast in Stockton-on-Tees by Warner's of Cripplegate. This however cracked during testing and is recast into the 13.76 tonne bell by Whitechapel Bell Foundry and is still in use to date. (10th Apr 1858)
107th The Titanic leaves port in Southampton, England for her first and only voyage. (10th Apr 1912)
27th Provisional Irish Republican Army detonates two bombs at the Baltic Exchange in central London, killing three. (10th Apr 1992)
55th Runcorn, a small town in north Cheshire, is designated as a new town. Extensive developments are predicted to inflate the town's population to around 70,000 by 1981. (10th Apr 1964)
21st the Good Friday Agreement, an agreement between the UK and Irish governments, and the main political parties in Northern Ireland is signed. (10th Apr 1998)
330th William III and Mary II are crowned as joint sovereigns of Britain. (11th Apr 1689)
210th Battle of the Basque Roads Naval battle fought between France and the United Kingdom (11th Apr 1809)
68th The Stone of Scone, the stone upon which Scottish monarchs were traditionally crowned, is found on the site of the altar of Arbroath Abbey. It had been taken by Scottish nationalist students from its place in Westminster Abbey. (11th Apr 1951)
38th A massive riot in Brixton, South London, results in almost 300 police injuries and 65 serious civilian injuries. (11th Apr 1981)
29th Customs officers in Middlesbrough, England, United Kingdom, say they have seized what they believe to be the barrel of a massive gun on a ship bound for Iraq. (11th Apr 1990)
10th Gordon Brown's special adviser Damian McBride resigns his position after it emerges that he and Derek Draper, had discussed plans to smear Conservative Party politicians with a series of false stories about their private lives. (11th Apr 2009)
55th The National Trust reopens the southern section of the Stratford-upon-Avon Canal, the first major restoration of a canal for leisure use. (11th Apr 1964)
42nd London Transport's Silver Jubilee buses are launched. (11th Apr 1977)
413th The Union Flag is adopted as the flag of Great Britain. (12th Apr 1606)
188th Soldiers marching on the Broughton Suspension Bridge in Manchester, England cause it to collapse. (12th Apr 1831)
84th First flight of the Bristol Blenheim. (12th Apr 1935)
82nd Sir Frank Whittle ground-tests the first jet engine designed to power an aircraft, at Rugby, England. (12th Apr 1937)
92nd The Royal and Parliamentary Titles Act renames the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland to the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. The change acknowledges that the Irish Free State is no longer part of the Kingdom. (12th Apr 1927)
190th The British Parliament grants freedom of religion to Roman Catholics. (13th Apr 1829)
66th Ian Fleming publishes his first James Bond novel, Casino Royale. (13th Apr 1953)
74th The first Scottish National Party Member of Parliament, Robert McIntyre, is elected to the Parliament of the United Kingdom after his victory at the Motherwell by-election. (13th Apr 1945)
548th The Yorkists under Edward IV defeat the Lancastrians under the Earl of Warwick at the Battle of Barnet; the Earl is killed and Edward IV resumes the throne. (14th Apr 1471)
107th The British passenger liner RMS Titanic hits an iceberg in the North Atlantic at 11:40pm. The ship sinks the following morning with the loss of 1,517 lives. (14th Apr 1912)
569th Battle of Formigny: Toward the end of the Hundred Years' War, the French attack and nearly annihilate English forces, ending English domination in Northern France. (15th Apr 1450)
281st Premiere in London, England, Great Britain of Serse, an Italian opera by George Frideric Handel. (15th Apr 1738)
264th Samuel Johnson's A Dictionary of the English Language is published in London. (15th Apr 1755)
98th Black Friday: mine owners announce more wage and price cuts, leading to the threat of a strike all across England. (15th Apr 1921)
30th A human crush occurs at Hillsborough Stadium, home of Sheffield Wednesday, in the FA Cup Semi Final, resulting in the deaths of 96 Liverpool F.C. fans. (15th Apr 1989)
273rd The Battle of Culloden is fought between the French-supported Jacobites and the British Hanoverian forces commanded by William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, in Scotland after the battle many highland traditions were banned and the Highlands of Scotland were cleared of inhabitants. (15th Apr 1746)
56th 70,000 marchers arrive in London from Aldermarston, to demonstrate against nuclear weapons. (15th Apr 1963)
35th The comedian Tommy Cooper, 62, collapses and dies on stage from a heart attack during a live television show. (15th Apr 1984)
9th A cloud of volcanic ash from the eruption of Eyjafjallajökull in Iceland caused the closure of airspace over the United Kingdom and northern and western Europe. (15th Apr 2010)
71st Rowntree's introduce Polo mint sweets. (15th Apr 1948)
107th Harriet Quimby becomes the first woman to fly an airplane across the English Channel. (16th Apr 1912)
66th Queen Elizabeth II launches the Royal Yacht HMY Britannia. (16th Apr 1953)
32nd Conservative MP Harvey Proctor appears in Court charged with gross indecency. (16th Apr 1987)
32nd Conservative MP Harvey Proctor appears in court charged with gross indecency. (16th Apr 1987)
622nd Geoffrey Chaucer tells the Canterbury Tales for the first time at the court of Richard II. Chaucer scholars have also identified this date (in 1387) the start of the book's pilgrimage to Canterbury. (17th Apr 1397)
35th WPC Yvonne Fletcher is shot and killed by a gunman during a siege outside the Libyan Embassy in London. 11 other people are also shot but survive. (17th Apr 1984)
72nd In the largest non-nuclear single explosive detonation in history, the Royal Navy sets off 6,800 tonnes of surplus ammunition in an attempt to destroy Heligoland, Germany. (17th Apr 1947)
3rd Twelve people are injured in an assault with acid at a nightclub at Hackney in London. (17th Apr 2016)
120th The St. Andrew's Ambulance Association is granted a Royal Charter by Queen Victoria. (18th Apr 1899)
89th BBC Radio announces that there is no news on that day. (18th Apr 1930)
8th Former British Airways software engineer Rajib Karim, of Newcastle upon Tyne is jailed for 30 years after he was earlier convicted of plotting to blow up a plane. (18th Apr 2011)
57th Commonwealth Immigrants Act in the United Kingdom removes free immigration from the citizens of member states of the Commonwealth of Nations, requiring proof of employment in the UK. (18th Apr 1962)
42nd The Embassy World Snooker Championship moves to the Crucible Theatre, Sheffield, and attracts television coverage for the first time. (18th Apr 1977)
3rd Prime Minister Theresa May calls a snap general election for Thursday 8 June. (18th Apr 2016)
51st London Bridge sold to American entrepreneur Robert P. McCulloch, for ?1,029,000, who rebuilds it at Lake Havasu City, Arizona. (18th Apr 1968)
1007th Martyrdom of Ælfheah in Greenwich, London. (19th Apr 1012)
164th Visit of Napoleon III to Guildhall, London (19th Apr 1855)
91st The 125th and final fascicle of the Oxford English Dictionary is published. (19th Apr 1928)
30th The Sun newspaper causes great controversy with claims that spectators stole money from the injured and dead, and that several police officers were assaulted when helping victims. (19th Apr 1989)
366th Oliver Cromwell dissolves the Rump Parliament. (20th Apr 1653)
330th The former King James II of England, now deposed, lays siege to Derry. (20th Apr 1689)
201st The case of Ashford v Thornton ends, with Abraham Thornton allowed to go free rather than face a retrial for murder, after his demand for trial by battle is upheld. (20th Apr 1818)
230th First boat passes through the Thames and Severn Canal's Sapperton Tunnel near Cirencester in Gloucestershire. It is the longest tunnel of any kind in England at this date. (20th Apr 1789)
51st Enoch Powell makes his controversial Rivers of Blood Speech on immigration. (20th Apr 1968)
76th worst bombing of Aberdeen. (21st Apr 1943)
510th Henry VIII ascends the throne of England on the death of his father, Henry VII. (21st Apr 1509)
36th The one pound coin introduced in England and Wales. (21st Apr 1983)
55th BBC Two begins scheduled broadcasting; its first programme is Play School. (21st Apr 1964)
64th National newspapers published for the first time after a month-long strike by maintenance workers. (21st Apr 1955)
3rd Britain goes a full day without using coal power to generate electricity for the first time since the Industrial Revolution, according to the National Grid. (21st Apr 2016)
89th The United Kingdom, Japan and the United States sign the London Naval Treaty regulating submarine warfare and limiting shipbuilding. (22nd Apr 1930)
50th British yachtsman Sir Robin Knox-Johnston completes the first solo non-stop circumnavigation of the world. (22nd Apr 1969)
19th The Big Number Change takes place, updating national dialling codes. (22nd Apr 2000)
26th Black London teenager Stephen Lawrence is stabbed to death in London while waiting for a bus. (22nd Apr 1993)
61st the Hancock's Half Hour episode "Sunday Afternoon at Home" is first broadcast on BBC radio. (22nd Apr 1958)
1003rd Edmund Ironside succeeds his father Æthelred the Unready as king of England. (23rd Apr 1016)
671st The founding of the Order of the Garter by King Edward III is announced on St George's Day. (23rd Apr 1348)
358th King Charles II of England, Scotland and Ireland is crowned in Westminster Abbey. (23rd Apr 1661)
87th New Shakespeare Memorial Theatre opens in Stratford-upon-Avon. Designed by Elisabeth Scott, it is the country's first important work by a woman architect. (23rd Apr 1932)
6th Businessman James McCormick is convicted on three counts of fraud at the Old Bailey after selling fake bomb detectors based on a device for finding golf balls to countries including Iraq and Georgia. (23rd Apr 2013)
54th The Pennine Way officially opens. (23rd Apr 1965)
92nd Cardiff City F.C., members of the English Football League despite being based in Wales, win the FA Cup beating Arsenal 1-0 at Wembley Stadium and taking the trophy out of England for the first time. (23rd Apr 1927)
51st five and ten pence coins are introduced in the run-up to Decimalisation, which will be complete within the next three years. (23rd Apr 1968)
101st Conscription Crisis of 1918 in Ireland: a general strike is held here against conscription. (23rd Apr 1918)
461st Mary, Queen of Scots, marries the Dauphin of France, François, at Notre Dame de Paris. (24th Apr 1558)
101st First tank-to-tank combat, at Villers-Bretonneux, France, when three British Mark IVs met three German A7Vs. (24th Apr 1918)
97th The first segment of the Imperial Wireless Chain providing wireless telegraphy between Leafield in Oxfordshire, England, and Cairo, Egypt, comes into operation. (24th Apr 1922)
87th Benny Rothman leads the mass trespass of Kinder Scout, leading to substantial legal reforms in the United Kingdom. (24th Apr 1932)
66th Winston Churchill is knighted by Queen Elizabeth II. (24th Apr 1953)
56th Marriage of Her Royal Highness Princess Alexandra of Kent to Angus Ogilvy at Westminster Abbey in London. (24th Apr 1963)
26th An IRA bomb explodes at Bishopsgate in the City of London. The blast destroys the medieval St Ethelburga's church, and badly damages the NatWest Tower and Liverpool Street tube station. (24th Apr 1993)
104th The FA Cup is won by Sheffield United F.C., who defeat Chelsea 3-0 in the final at Old Trafford, Manchester. The competition will now be abandoned until WW1 is over. (24th Apr 1915)
204th Anthony Trollope, later an English novelist is born. (24th Apr 1815)
62nd First broadcast of BBC Television astronomy series The Sky at Night presented by Patrick Moore. This will run with the same presenter until his death in December 2012. (24th Apr 1957)
26th Bishopsgate bombing. A massive IRA truck bomb explodes at Bishopsgate in the City of London. The blast destroys the medieval St Ethelburga's church, and badly damages the NatWest Tower and Liverpool Street tube station. A newspaper photographer is killed. (24th Apr 1993)
103rd Easter Rebellion: The United Kingdom declares martial law in Ireland. (25th Apr 1916)
66th Francis Crick and James D. Watson publish Molecular structure of nucleic acids: a structure for deoxyribose nucleic acid describing the double helix structure of DNA. (25th Apr 1953)
17th Two 16-year-old twin brothers are cleared of murdering 10-year-old Damilola Taylor, who was stabbed to death in South London 17 months ago. (25th Apr 2002)
3rd British Home Stores (BHS) files for administration, putting thousands of jobs at risk. (25th Apr 2016)
81st Anglo-Irish Trade Agreement with the Republic of Ireland settles trade disputes and agrees to the Royal Navy abandoning the British sovereign bases at the Treaty ports in Ireland. (25th Apr 1938)
151st HMS Repulse, the last wooden battleship constructed for the Royal Navy, is launched as an ironclad (with auxiliary steam propulsion) at Woolwich Dockyard. (25th Apr 1868)
412th English colonists make landfall at Cape Henry, Virginia. (26th Apr 1607)
96th The Duke of York weds Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon at Westminster Abbey. (26th Apr 1923)
95th Harry Grindell Matthews demonstrates his "death ray" in London but fails to convince the War Office. (26th Apr 1924)
44th A conference of Labour Party members voted against continued membership of the EEC. (26th Apr 1975)
723rd Battle of Dunbar: The Scots are defeated by Edward I of England. (27th Apr 1296)
369th The Battle of Carbisdale: A Royalist army invades mainland Scotland from Orkney Island but is defeated by a Covenanter army. (27th Apr 1650)
270th First performance of Handel's Music for the Royal Fireworks in Green Park, London. (27th Apr 1749)
246th The Parliament of Great Britain passes the Tea Act, designed to save the British East India Company by granting it a monopoly on the North American tea trade. (27th Apr 1773)
179th Foundation stone for new Palace of Westminster, London, is laid by wife of Sir Charles Barry. (27th Apr 1840)
27th Betty Boothroyd becomes the first woman to be elected Speaker of the British House of Commons in its 700-year history. (27th Apr 1992)
80th Military Training Act (coming into force 3 June) introduces conscription; men aged 20 and 21 must undertake six months military training. (27th Apr 1939)
3rd Naz Shah, the Labour MP for Bradford West, is suspended from the Party after making disparaging comments about Israel on Facebook. (27th Apr 2016)
352nd The blind, impoverished, 58-year-old John Milton seals a contract for publication of Paradise Lost with London printer Samuel Simmons for an initial payment of £5. The first edition is published in October and sells out in eighteen months. (27th Apr 1667)
51st the Abortion Act 1967 comes into effect, legalising abortion on a number of grounds, with free provision through the National Health Service. (27th Apr 1968)
61st BOAC's first de Havilland Comet 4 makes its maiden flight. (27th Apr 1958)
230th Mutiny on the Bounty: Lieutenant William Bligh and 18 sailors are set adrift and the rebel crew returns to Tahiti briefly and then sets sail for Pitcairn Island. (28th Apr 1789)
12th An earthquake measuring 4.3 on the richter scale strikes in Kent, injuring one and causing damage to buildings. (28th Apr 2007)
96th The Empire Stadium, Wembley is opened to the public for the first time and holds the FA Cup Final between Bolton Wanderers and West Ham United football clubs. (28th Apr 1923)
15th Landmark office building 30 St Mary Axe (The Gherkin) in the City of London, designed by Norman Foster, opens. (28th Apr 2004)
25th Rosemary West, 40-year-old wife of suspected serial killer Fred West, is charged with three of the murders her husband stands accused of. (28th Apr 1994)
75th Allied convoy T4, forming part of amphibious Exercise Tiger (a full-scale rehearsal for the Normandy landings) in Start Bay off the Devon coast, is attacked by E-boats, resulting in the deaths of 749 American servicemen. (28th Apr 1944)
5th Following a trial at Southwark Crown Court, publicist Max Clifford is convicted of eight indecent assaults on women and girls. (28th Apr 2014)
15th Landmark office building 30 St Mary Axe (The Gherkin) in the City of London, designed by Norman Foster, opens. (28th Apr 2004)
3rd The Mayor of London, Sadiq Khan, withdraws funding guarantees for the controversial Garden Bridge across the River Thames. (28th Apr 2016)
109th Parliament passes the People's Budget, the first budget in British history with the expressed intent of redistributing wealth among the British public. (29th Apr 1910)
8th Wedding of Prince William, Duke of Cambridge and Kate Middleton. (29th Apr 2011)
17th As part of her Golden Jubilee celebrations, the Queen dines at 10 Downing Street. (29th Apr 2002)
67th University of Southampton chartered, first post-war university established. (29th Apr 1952)
26th The Queen announces that Buckingham Palace will open to the public for the first time. (29th Apr 1993)
42nd British Aerospace is formed to run the nationalised aviation industry. (29th Apr 1977)
506th Edmund de la Pole, Yorkist pretender to the English throne, is executed on the orders of Henry VIII. (30th Apr 1513)
76th The submarine HMS Seraph surfaces in the Mediterranean Sea off the coast of Spain to deposit a dead man planted with false invasion plans and dressed as a British military intelligence officer. (30th Apr 1943)
56th The Bristol Bus Boycott is held in Bristol to protest the Bristol Omnibus Company's refusal to employ Black or Asian bus crews, drawing national attention to racial discrimination in the UK. (30th Apr 1963)
26th Virgin Radio broadcasts for the first time in the United Kingdom. (30th Apr 1993)
47th The Brighton Belle Pullman car train makes its last journey from London to Brighton. (30th Apr 1972)
32nd The House of Lords approve the sterilisation of a mentally subnormal 17-year-old female. (30th Apr 1987)
10th The British Military's operation in Iraq officially ends after six years of combat. The Basra Province is handed over to American forces in a special ceremony, ahead of the withdrawal of British troops in the summer. (30th Apr 2009)
40th London Underground's Jubilee Line is opened by the Prince of Wales -- although passenger journeys started the following day. (30th Apr 1979)
34th Bernie Grant becomes the first black council leader when he is elected leader of Labour-controlled London Borough of Haringey council. (30th Apr 1985)
42nd The Watercress Line, a heritage railway reopened as a service following closure by British Rail. (30th Apr 1977)
61st The Life Peerages Act receives Royal Assent; the Act allows the creation of life peers who can sit in the House of Lords. As life peerages could be bestowed on women, this Act allows for women to sit in the House of Lords for the first time. (30th Apr 1958)
71st the Land Rover is unveiled at the Amsterdam Motor Show. (30th Apr 1948)

 

 

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