List of Historical Anniversaries

I often wonder what significant anniversaries are due at some point in the future as some of them might be of interest as triggers for blog posts or visits somewhere. However, it is often difficult to find out quickly what events have significant anniversaries - hence this section on the website.

By "significant anniversaries", I mean dates that are not, for example, the 73rd anniversary of something, but the 50th, 100th, 200th etc.

It should help to flag up interesting events.

Anniversaries during February 2019

Note: This page lists ALL anniversaries, not just the key dates.
For that more useful list, click here.

692nd Teenaged Edward III is crowned King of England, but the country is ruled by his mother Queen Isabella and her lover Roger Mortimer. (1st Feb 1327)
310th Alexander Selkirk is rescued after being shipwrecked on a desert island, inspiring the book Robinson Crusoe by Daniel Defoe. (1st Feb 1709)
226th French Revolutionary Wars: France declares war on the United Kingdom and the Netherlands. (1st Feb 1793)
135th The first volume (A to Ant) of the Oxford English Dictionary is published. (1st Feb 1884)
95th The United Kingdom recognizes the USSR. (1st Feb 1924)
558th Wars of the Roses: The Battle of Mortimer's Cross is fought in Herefordshire, England. (1st Feb 1461)
12th Downing Street officials reveal that Tony Blair had been interviewed as a witness by police on 26 January in connection with the Cash-for-honours allegations. (1st Feb 2007)
37th Sales of tabloid newspapers are reported to have been boosted substantially since last summer by the introduction of bingo. The Sun has reportedly enjoyed the biggest rise in sales, now selling more than 4 million copies per day on a regular basis. (1st Feb 1982)
67th The first TV detector van is commissioned in Britain. (1st Feb 1952)
97th Formal handing over of Beggars Bush Barracks takes place in Dublin, marking the first act of British military withdrawal from Ireland. (1st Feb 1922)
36th TV-am broadcasts for the first time. (1st Feb 1983)
35th Japanese car maker Nissan signs an agreement with the British government to build the first foreign owned car factory in Britain. (1st Feb 1984)
205th The last of the Frost Fairs starts on London's River Thames. It lasts four days. (1st Feb 1814)
24th (1st Feb 1995)
104th Photographs required in British passports for the first time. (1st Feb 1915)
3rd Scientists are given the go-ahead by regulators to genetically modify human embryos which were to be destroyed in seven days. (1st Feb 2016)
62nd Norwich City Council becomes the first British local authority to install a computer (an Elliott 405). (1st Feb 1957)
302nd As part of the treaty between France and Britain, James Stuart leaves France and seeks refuge with the Pope. (1st Feb 1717)
118th Funeral of Queen Victoria. (2nd Feb 1901)
47th The British embassy in Dublin is destroyed in protest at Bloody Sunday. (2nd Feb 1972)
10th All London Buses were suspended and the London Underground was severely disrupted due to heavy snow. (2nd Feb 2009)
9th Birmingham based confectionery giant Cadbury is taken over by American rival Kraft Foods. (2nd Feb 2010)
14th Robert Kilroy-Silk launches the Veritas political party, on an anti-immigration platform, after quitting the eurosceptic UK Independence Party following a failed leadership bid. (2nd Feb 2005)
102nd Bread rationing introduced. (2nd Feb 1917)
485th The Irish rebel Silken Thomas is executed by the order of Henry VIII in London, England. (3rd Feb 1534)
59th British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan speaks of the "a wind of change" of increasing national consciousness blowing through colonial Africa, signalling that his Government is likely to support decolonisation. (3rd Feb 1960)
15th Foreign Secretary Jack Straw announces an independent inquiry, to be chaired by Lord Butler, to examine the reliability of intelligence on weapons of mass destruction in Iraq. (3rd Feb 2004)
230th Prime Minister William Pitt the Younger introduces a Regency Bill to Parliament so that the Prince of Wales may act as regent for his father George III during a period of mental illness, but the King recovers before the Bill becomes law. (3rd Feb 1789)
3rd The High Court gives permission for Lord Lucan to be declared dead, and for a death certificate to be issued 42 years after his disappearance. (3rd Feb 2016)
21st stamps commemorating Diana, Princess of Wales go on sale across Britain (3rd Feb 1998)
31st nurses throughout the UK strike for higher pay and more funding for the National Health Service. (3rd Feb 1988)
45th M62 coach bombing: The Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) explodes a bomb on a bus carrying off-duty British Armed Forces personnel in Yorkshire, England. Nine soldiers and three civilians are killed. (4th Feb 1974)
17th Cancer Research UK, the world's largest independent cancer research charity, is founded. (4th Feb 2002)
11th The London Low Emission Zone (LEZ) scheme begins to operate in the UK. (4th Feb 2008)
7th The Met Office issues a severe weather warning as heavy snow falls across much of the UK, disrupting road and air flights. (4th Feb 2012)
6th Former government Minister Chris Huhne pleads guilty to perverting the course of justice over claims he caused his ex-wife to accept speeding points he had incurred. (4th Feb 2013)
25th British Coal confirms the closure of four more pits, a move which will claim some 3,000 jobs. (4th Feb 1994)
92nd At Pendine Sands, Sir Malcolm Campbell sets a new world land speed record covering the Flying Kilometre in a mean average of 174mph and the Flying Mile in 174mph driving the Napier-Campbell Blue Bird, the last time this record will be attained on British soil. (4th Feb 1927)
31st nearly 7,000 ferry workers go on strike in Britain, paralysing the nation's seaports. (4th Feb 1988)
71st Ceylon (later renamed Sri Lanka) becomes independent within the British Commonwealth. (4th Feb 1948)
119th The United States and the United Kingdom sign a treaty for the Panama Canal (5th Feb 1900)
95th The Royal Greenwich Observatory begins broadcasting the hourly time signals known as the Greenwich Time Signal or the "BBC pips". (5th Feb 1924)
37th Laker Airways collapses, leaving 6,000 passengers stranded, with debts of 270 million. (5th Feb 1982)
66th The rationing of sweets, introduced during World War II, ends. (5th Feb 1953)
15th A party of Chinese cockle pickers is caught by the tides at night in Morecambe Bay, Lancashire, drowning 23 people. 21 bodies are recovered. (5th Feb 2004)
30th Sky Television begins broadcasting as the first satellite TV service in Britain (5th Feb 1989)
5th Part of the South Devon Railway sea wall carrying the railway line linking London with the west of England is washed away by a powerful storm that has hit the UK overnight. (5th Feb 2014)
15th A party of Chinese cockle pickers is caught by the tides at night in Morecambe Bay, Lancashire, drowning 23 people. 21 bodies are recovered. (5th Feb 2004)
72nd The Minister of Food, John Strachey, announces the 25 million Tanganyika groundnut scheme. (5th Feb 1947)
31st the first BBC Red Nose Day raises ?15,000,000 for charity. (5th Feb 1988)
370th The claimant King Charles II of England and Scotland is declared King of Great Britain, by the Parliament of Scotland. This move was not followed by the Parliament of England nor the Parliament of Ireland. (6th Feb 1649)
334th James II of England and VII of Scotland becomes King upon the death of his brother Charles II. (6th Feb 1685)
77th World War II: The United Kingdom declares war on Thailand. (6th Feb 1942)
67th Elizabeth II becomes the first queen regnant of the UK and the Commonwealth Realms since Queen Victoria upon the death of her father, George VI. At the exact moment of succession, she was in a treehouse at the Treetops Hotel in Kenya. (6th Feb 1952)
55th The British and French governments agree a deal for the construction of a Channel Tunnel. The twin-tunneled rail link is expected to take five years to build. (6th Feb 1964)
3rd Britain's most famous steam locomotive, the Flying Scotsman, returns to public service after a 10-year restoration project. (6th Feb 2016)
22nd The Court of Appeal rules that Mrs Diane Blood of Leeds can be inseminated with her dead husband's sperm. Mrs Blood had been challenging for the right to use the sperm of her husband Stephen since just after his death two years ago. (6th Feb 1997)
52nd Soviet Premier Alexei Kosygin arrived in the UK for an eight-day visit. (6th Feb 1967)
61st the Manchester United F.C. team plane flying back from a European Cup tie in Belgrade crashes on take-off after refuelling at Munich Airport in West Germany. 21 of the 44 people on board are killed. Seven of them are Manchester United players. (6th Feb 1958)
101st Representation of the People Act gives women the vote provided they are over 30 and are (or are married to) a local government elector. It also removes most property qualifications, giving all adult (over-21) male resident householders the vote, and requires elections to be restricted to a single day. (6th Feb 1918)
718th Edward of Caernarvon (later King Edward II of England) becomes the first English Prince of Wales. (7th Feb 1301)
112th The Mud March is the first large procession organized by the National Union of Women's Suffrage Societies (NUWSS). (7th Feb 1907)
27th Signature of the Maastricht Treaty. (7th Feb 1992)
77th Soap rationing introduced. (7th Feb 1942)
25th Stephen Milligan, Conservative MP for Eastleigh in Hampshire, is found dead at his home in Chiswick, apparently self-strangled by the use of an electrical cord during an act of autoerotic asphyxiation. (7th Feb 1994)
24th Rumbelows, the electrical goods retailer closes its 311 stores with the loss of more than 3,000 jobs. (7th Feb 1995)
74th Prime Minister Winston Churchill attends the Yalta Conference. (7th Feb 1945)
52nd The British National Front was founded by A. K. Chesterton (by merger of the British National Party and League of Empire Loyalists). (7th Feb 1967)
432nd Mary, Queen of Scots, is executed on suspicion of having been involved in the Babington Plot to murder her cousin, Queen Elizabeth I. (8th Feb 1587)
418th Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex, rebels against Queen Elizabeth I - the revolt is quickly crushed. (8th Feb 1601)
164th The Devil's Footprints mysteriously appear in southern Devon. (8th Feb 1855)
140th The England cricket team led by Lord Harris is attacked during a riot during a match in Sydney. (8th Feb 1879)
59th Queen Elizabeth II issues an Order-in-Council, stating that she and her family would be known as the House of Windsor, and that her descendants will take the name "Mountbatten-Windsor". (8th Feb 1960)
91st John Logie Baird broadcasts a transatlantic television signal from London to Hartsdale, New York. (8th Feb 1928)
5th Immigration minister Mark Harper resigns from the government after it was disclosed that his cleaner did not have permission to work in the UK. (8th Feb 2014)
464th Bishop of Gloucester John Hooper is burned at the stake. (9th Feb 1555)
23rd The Provisional Irish Republican Army declares the end to its 18 month ceasefire and explodes a large bomb in London's Canary Wharf. (9th Feb 1996)
17th Princess Margaret dies after suffering a stroke at the age of 71. (9th Feb 2002)
713th In front of the high altar of Greyfriars Church in Dumfries, Robert the Bruce murders John Comyn, his leading political rival, sparking revolution in the Scottish Wars of Independence (10th Feb 1306)
664th The St. Scholastica's Day riot breaks out in Oxford, England, leaving 63 scholars and perhaps 30 locals dead in two days. (10th Feb 1355)
452nd An explosion destroys the Kirk o' Field house in Edinburgh, Scotland. The second husband of Mary, Queen of Scots, Lord Darnley is found strangled, in what many believe to be an assassination. (10th Feb 1567)
256th French and Indian War: The 1763 Treaty of Paris ends the war and France cedes Quebec to Great Britain. (10th Feb 1763)
179th Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom marries Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. (10th Feb 1840)
156th The fire extinguisher is patented. (10th Feb 1863)
113th HMS Dreadnought is launched. (10th Feb 1906)
36th The dismembered remains of at least fifteen young men are found at a house in Muswell Hill, North London, victims of Dennis Nilsen. (10th Feb 1983)
106th News reaches London of the failure of Capt. Scott's 1912 Polar expedition. (10th Feb 1913)
75th PAYE (Pay as you earn) system of tax collection introduced. (10th Feb 1944)
14th Clarence House announces that The Prince of Wales is to marry Camilla Parker Bowles on Friday 8 April in a civil ceremony at Windsor Castle. (10th Feb 2005)
72nd Major cuts in power supply due to shortage of fuel under severe winter conditions are imposed in England and Wales. BBC TV is shut-down until 11 March. (10th Feb 1947)
488th Henry VIII of England is recognized as supreme head of the Church of England. (11th Feb 1531)
193rd University College London is founded under the name University of London. (11th Feb 1826)
81st BBC Television produces the world's first ever science fiction television program, an adaptation of a section of the Karel Capek play R.U.R., that coined the term "robot" (11th Feb 1938)
55th Southampton is granted the status of city, the first such designation of the current Queen's reign. (11th Feb 1964)
44th Margaret Thatcher defeats Edward Heath in the Conservative Party leadership election to become the party's first female leader. (11th Feb 1975)
32nd British Airways is privatised and listed on the London Stock Exchange. (11th Feb 1987)
32nd Cynthia Payne is acquitted of controlling prostitutes in her London home. (11th Feb 1987)
152nd Abortive Fenian attempt to seize Chester Castle. (11th Feb 1867)
590th English forces under Sir John Fastolf defend a supply convoy carrying rations to the army besieging Orleans from attack by the Comte de Clermont and Sir John Stewart of Darnley in the Battle of Rouvray. (12th Feb 1429)
465th A year after claiming the throne of England for nine days, Lady Jane Grey is beheaded for treason. (12th Feb 1554)
330th The Convention Parliament declares that the flight to France in 1688 by James II, the last Roman Catholic British monarch, constitutes an abdication. (12th Feb 1689)
286th Englishman James Oglethorpe founds Georgia, the 13th colony of the Thirteen Colonies, and its first city at Savannah (known as Georgia Day). (12th Feb 1733)
37th First Next clothing store is opened, a rebranding of the merged Joseph Hepworth and Kendall chains. (12th Feb 1982)
91st An underground explosion at Haig Pit, Whitehaven, in the Cumberland Coalfield, kills thirteen miners undertaking clearance after an earlier fatal accident. (12th Feb 1928)
45th BBC1 first aired the children's television series Bagpuss, made by Peter Firmin and Oliver Postgate's Smallfilms in stop motion animation. (12th Feb 1974)
65th The UK's Atomic Energy Authority is founded. (12th Feb 1954)
65th British Medical Committee report suggests the existence of a link between smoking and lung cancer. (12th Feb 1954)
205th A fire destroys the Custom House, London. (12th Feb 1814)
91st Heavy hailstorms kill eleven in England. (12th Feb 1928)
91st Malta becomes a British dominion. (12th Feb 1928)
26th Murder of James Bulger: a 2-year-old is murdered by two ten-year-old boys on Merseyside. (12th Feb 1993)
477th Catherine Howard, the fifth wife of Henry VIII of England, is executed for adultery. (13th Feb 1542)
330th William and Mary are proclaimed co-rulers of England. (13th Feb 1689)
327th Massacre of Glencoe: About 78 Macdonalds at Glen Coe, Scotland are killed early in the morning for not promptly pledging allegiance to the new king, William of Orange. (13th Feb 1692)
74th World War II: Royal Air Force bombers are dispatched to Dresden, Germany to attack the city with a massive aerial bombardment. (13th Feb 1945)
131st The first issue of the Financial Times goes on sale. (originally launched on 9 January by Horatio Bottomley as the London Financial Guide). (13th Feb 1888)
15th Serial killer Dr. Harold Shipman is found dead in his cell; suicide is suspected. (13th Feb 2004)
74th RAF Bomber Command begins the Dresden, Germany, resulting in a lethal firestorm which kills tens of thousands of civilians. (13th Feb 1945)
204th The Cambridge Union Society, one of the oldest debating societies in the world, founded at the University of Cambridge. (13th Feb 1815)
14th the House of Commons votes 400 to 175 in favour of a vote on the bill to legalise same-sex marriage in England and Wales. (13th Feb 2005)
41st Anna Ford becomes the first female newsreader on ITN. (13th Feb 1978)
76th Nuffield Foundation established by William Morris, 1st Viscount Nuffield. (13th Feb 1943)
151st the War Office sanctions the formation of what will become the Army Post Office Corps. (13th Feb 1868)
463rd Thomas Cranmer is declared a heretic. (14th Feb 1556)
240th James Cook is killed by Native Hawaiians near Kealakekua on the Island of Hawaii. (14th Feb 1779)
222nd French Revolutionary Wars: Battle of Cape St. Vincent - John Jervis and Horatio Nelson lead the British Royal Navy to victory over a Spanish fleet in action near Gibraltar. (14th Feb 1797)
167th Great Ormond St Hospital for Sick Children, the first hospital providing in-patient beds specifically for children in the English-speaking world, is founded in London. (14th Feb 1852)
73rd The Bank of England is nationalized. (14th Feb 1946)
88th First edition of the Highway Code published in Great Britain. (14th Feb 1931)
56th The Labour Party elects 46-year-old Harold Wilson as its new leader, and Leader of the Opposition. (14th Feb 1963)
35th Torvill and Dean win a gold medal for ice skating at the Winter Olympics. (14th Feb 1984)
14th London's mayor Ken Livingstone is censured by the London Assembly for comparing a Jewish journalist for the Evening Standard to a concentration camp guard. Livingstone refuses to withdraw his comments. (14th Feb 2005)
51st Northampton, the county town of Northamptonshire, is designated as a New town, with the Wilson government hoping to double its size and population by 1980. (14th Feb 1968)
113th The British Labour Party is organised. (15th Feb 1906)
67th King George VI is buried in St. George's Chapel at Windsor Castle. (15th Feb 1952)
48th The decimalisation of British coinage is completed on Decimal Day. (15th Feb 1971)
16th In London, more than 2 million people demonstrate against the Iraq War, the largest demonstration in British history. (15th Feb 2003)
104th Queen's Park station on the London Underground Bakerloo Line opens. (15th Feb 1915)
3rd The European Commission issues a "final warning" to the United Kingdom over the breaching of air pollution limits. (15th Feb 2016)
373rd Battle of Torrington, Devon - the last major battle of the first English Civil War. (16th Feb 1646)
277th Spencer Compton, Earl of Wilmington, becomes British Prime Minister. (16th Feb 1742)
153rd Spencer Compton Cavendish, Marquess of Hartington becomes British Secretary of State for War. (16th Feb 1866)
96th Howard Carter unseals the burial chamber of Pharaoh Tutankhamun. (16th Feb 1923)
62nd The "Toddlers' Truce", a controversial television close down between 6.00pm and 7.00pm is abolished in the United Kingdom. (16th Feb 1957)
24th Neil Kinnock, former Labour Party leader, resigns from parliament after 25 years to take up his new role as a European Commissioner, sparking a by-election in his Islwyn seat in South Wales. (16th Feb 1995)
3rd BBC Three becomes the first UK television network to become online only, having broadcast for its final night after 13 years as a television channel. (16th Feb 2016)
16th The London Congestion Charge scheme begins. (17th Feb 2003)
41st inflation has fallen to 9.9% ? the first time since 1973 that it has been in single figures. (17th Feb 1978)
26th Shadow chancellor Gordon Brown claims that a Labour government could reduce taxatation - a dramatic turn for a party known for high taxation. (17th Feb 1993)
130th Royal Society for the Protection of Birds founded in Manchester, originally as "The Plumage League" to campaign against the use of plumage in women's clothing. (17th Feb 1889)
541st George, Duke of Clarence, convicted of treason against his older brother Edward IV of England, is executed in private at the Tower of London. (18th Feb 1478)
382nd Eighty Years' War: Off the coast of Cornwall, England, a Spanish fleet intercepts an important Anglo-Dutch merchant convoy of 44 vessels escorted by 6 warships, destroying or capturing 20 of them. (18th Feb 1637)
28th The IRA explodes bombs in the early morning at Paddington station and Victoria station in London. (18th Feb 1991)
3rd Lincoln City F.C. become the first non-league team to reach the FA Cup quarter-finals for 103 years with a 1?0 victory over Burnley. (18th Feb 2016)
26th unemployment has reached 3,000,000 (and a rate of 10.6%) for the first time in six years. (18th Feb 1993)
601st Hundred Years' War: English capture Falaise. (18th Feb 1418)
345th England and the Netherlands sign the Treaty of Westminster, ending the Third Anglo-Dutch War. A provision of the agreement transfers the Dutch colony of New Amsterdam to England, and it is renamed New York. (19th Feb 1674)
200th British explorer William Smith discovers the South Shetland Islands, and claims them in the name of King George III. (19th Feb 1819)
37th The DeLorean Car factory in Belfast is put into receivership. (19th Feb 1982)
34th EastEnders, the BBC1 soap opera, goes on air. (19th Feb 1985)
547th Orkney and Shetland are pawned by Norway to Scotland in lieu of a dowry for Margaret of Denmark. (20th Feb 1472)
472nd Edward VI of England is crowned King of England at Westminster Abbey. (20th Feb 1547)
30th An IRA bomb destroys a section of a British Army barracks in Ternhill, England (20th Feb 1989)
55th BBC Two launches with a power cut because of the fire at Battersea Power Station. (20th Feb 1964)
17th Andrew Aston, a 29-year-old Birmingham cocaine addict, is sentenced to 26 concurrent terms of Life imprisonment - officially the longest prison sentence imposed on any criminal in England and Wales - for murdering two elderly people in robberies and attacking 24 others. (20th Feb 2002)
35th The Smiths, fronted by Morrissey, release their first album, The Smiths. (20th Feb 1984)
105th The Fethard-on-Sea life-boat capsizes on service off the County Wexford coast: nine crew are lost. (20th Feb 1914)
5th A 4.1 magnitude earthquake is recorded under the Bristol Channel. (20th Feb 2014)
3rd Britain's Prime Minister, David Cameron announces that Britain will hold a referendum on the United Kingdom's membership of the European Union on 23 June. (20th Feb 2016)
41st severe blizzards hit the south west of England. (20th Feb 1978)
61st the government announces plans to close the 300-year-old dockyards at Sheerness on the Isle of Sheppey, which would result in more than 2,500 workers losing their jobs. (20th Feb 1958)
215th The first self-propelling steam locomotive makes its outing at the Pen-y-Darren Ironworks in Wales. (21st Feb 1804)
67th The British government, under Winston Churchill, abolishes identity cards in the UK to "set the people free". (21st Feb 1952)
55th £10 banknotes are issued for the first time since the Second World War. (21st Feb 1964)
205th The "Great Stock Exchange Fraud" in London based on rumours about the then-ongoing Napoleonic Wars. (21st Feb 1814)
14th The Royal Navy announces that it will allow same-sex couples to live in family quarters if they are in registered partnership. (21st Feb 2005)
102nd Elder Dempster Line troopship SS Mendi is accidentally rammed by SS Darro off the Isle of Wight, killing 646, mainly members of the South African Native Labour Corps. (21st Feb 1917)
11th A jury at Ipswich Crown Court found Steve Wright, 49, guilty of murdering five prostitutes during late 2006. (21st Feb 2008)
648th Robert II becomes King of Scotland, beginning the Stuart dynasty. (22nd Feb 1371)
222nd The Last Invasion of Britain begins near Fishguard, Wales. (22nd Feb 1797)
115th The United Kingdom sells a meteorological station on the South Orkney Islands to Argentina, the islands are subsequently claimed by the United Kingdom in 1908. (22nd Feb 1904)
47th The Official Irish Republican Army detonates a car bomb at Aldershot barracks, killing seven and injuring nineteen others. (22nd Feb 1972)
22nd In Roslin, Scotland, scientists announce that an adult sheep named Dolly had been successfully cloned. (22nd Feb 1997)
13th At least six men stage Britain's biggest robbery, stealing £53 million from a Securitas depot in Tonbridge, Kent. (22nd Feb 2006)
13th Securitas depot robbery: around 53 million is stolen in the largest cash robbery in British crime history. (22nd Feb 2006)
11th Northern Rock was nationalised by the British government. (22nd Feb 2008)
42nd David Owen, 38, becomes the youngest post-Second World War Foreign Secretary, succeeding the late Anthony Crosland, who died 3 days earlier. (22nd Feb 1977)
3rd Cressida Dick is appointed Commissioner of the Metropolitan Police, becoming the first woman to hold the position in the force's 188-year history. (22nd Feb 2016)
280th Richard Palmer is identified at York Castle, by his former schoolteacher, as the outlaw Dick Turpin. (23rd Feb 1739)
199th Cato Street Conspiracy: A plot to murder all the British cabinet ministers is exposed. (23rd Feb 1820)
173rd John Henry Newman leaves the Church of England and is received into the Roman Catholic Church. (23rd Feb 1846)
12th A train derails on an evening express service near Grayrigg, Cumbria, England, killing one person and injuring 22. This results in hundreds of points being checked over the UK after a few similar accidents. (23rd Feb 2007)
12th Grayrigg rail crash: A Virgin Pendolino train derails in Cumbria, killing one person and injuring dozens more. (23rd Feb 2007)
57th Twelve European countries form the European Space Agency. (23rd Feb 1962)
6th UK loses top AAA credit rating for first time since 1978 after being downgraded by the ratings agency Moody's. (23rd Feb 2013)
30th 27-year-old William Hague wins the Richmond by-election in North Yorkshire for the Conservative Party. (23rd Feb 1989)
3rd It is announced that the new Crossrail line in London will be called the "Elizabeth Line", after Queen Elizabeth II. (23rd Feb 2016)
716th Battle of Roslin, of the First War of Scottish Independence. (24th Feb 1303)
308th The London première of Rinaldo by George Frideric Handel, the first Italian opera written for the London stage. (24th Feb 1711)
210th London's Drury Lane Theatre burns to the ground, leaving owner Richard Brinsley Sheridan destitute. (24th Feb 1809)
102nd World War I: The U.S. ambassador to the United Kingdom is given the Zimmermann Telegram, in which Germany pledges to ensure the return of New Mexico, Texas, and Arizona to Mexico if Mexico declares war on the United States. (24th Feb 1917)
30th Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini offers a USD $3 million bounty for the death of The Satanic Verses author Salman Rushdie. (24th Feb 1989)
36th Labour candidate Peter Tatchell loses the Bermondsey by-election to the Liberal Party's Simon Hughes. (24th Feb 1983)
25th Police in Gloucester begin excavations at 25 Cromwell Street, the home of 52-year-old builder Fred West. (24th Feb 1994)
449th Pope Pius V excommunicates Queen Elizabeth I of England. (25th Feb 1570)
222nd Colonel William Tate and his force of 1000-1500 soldiers surrender after the Last Invasion of Britain. (25th Feb 1797)
37th The European Court of Justice rules that schools in Britain cannot allow corporal punishment against the wishes of parents. (25th Feb 1982)
80th First Anderson shelter built in London (25th Feb 1939)
52nd Britain's second Polaris nuclear submarine, HMS Renown, was launched at Birkenhead. (25th Feb 1967)
61st Bertrand Russell launches the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament, initiated at a meeting called by Canon John Collins on 15 January. (25th Feb 1958)
26th Warrington bomb attacks: Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) bombs are planted and explode at gas holders in Warrington, Cheshire. (25th Feb 1993)
110th Kinemacolor, the first successful color motion picture process, is first shown to the general public at the Palace Theatre in London. (26th Feb 1909)
105th HMHS Britannic, sister to the RMS Titanic, is launched at Harland & Wolff shipyard in Belfast. (26th Feb 1914)
84th Robert Watson-Watt carries out a demonstration near Daventry which leads directly to the development of RADAR. (26th Feb 1935)
24th The UK's oldest investment banking institute, Barings Bank, collapses after a securities broker, Nick Leeson, loses $1.4 billion by speculating on the Singapore International Monetary Exchange using futures contracts. (26th Feb 1995)
67th Winston Churchill announces that the United Kingdom has an atomic bomb. (26th Feb 1952)
6th The first edition of The Sun on Sunday is published. (26th Feb 2013)
75th World War II: Last heavy air-raids on London. (26th Feb 1944)
5th The two men convicted of the murder of Lee Rigby are sentenced to life imprisonment, Michael Adebolajo without the possibility of parole, and Michael Adebowale with the possibility of parole after 45 years. (26th Feb 2014)
24th Barings Bank, the UK's oldest merchant bank collapses following $1.4 billion of losses by rogue trader, Nick Leeson. (26th Feb 1995)
84th Robert Watson-Watt first demonstrates the use of radar. (26th Feb 1935)
7th The first edition of The Sun on Sunday is published. (26th Feb 2012)
32nd Church of England's General Synod votes to allow the ordination of women. (26th Feb 1987)
31st multiple rapist and murderer John Duffy is sentenced to life imprisonment with a recommendation that he should never be released. (26th Feb 1988)
459th The Treaty of Berwick, which would expel the French from Scotland, is signed by England and the Congregation of Scotland. (27th Feb 1560)
207th Poet Lord Byron gives his first address as a member of the House of Lords, in defense of Luddite violence against Industrialism in his home county of Nottinghamshire. (27th Feb 1812)
119th The British Labour Party is founded. (27th Feb 1900)
17th Ryanair Flight 296 catches fire at London Stansted Airport. Subsequent investigations criticize Ryanair's handling of the evacuation. (27th Feb 2002)
17th Ryanair Flight 296 catches fire at London Stansted Airport. (27th Feb 2002)
11th An earthquake with an epicentre in Lincolnshire was felt across most of Britain, with several buildings suffering substantial damage. (27th Feb 2008)
45th Enoch Powell announces his resignation from the Conservative Party, in protest against Edward Heath's decision to take Britain into the EEC. (27th Feb 1974)
80th Borley Rectory, a reputed haunted house, destroyed by fire. (27th Feb 1939)
151st Benjamin Disraeli succeeds the Earl of Derby as Prime Minister following Derby's resignation due to ill-health. (27th Feb 1868)
381st The Scottish National Covenant is signed in Edinburgh. (28th Feb 1638)
97th The United Kingdom ends its protectorate over Egypt through a Unilateral Declaration of Independence. (28th Feb 1922)
44th A major tube train crash at Moorgate station, London kills 43 people. (28th Feb 1975)
34th The Provisional Irish Republican Army carries out a mortar attack on the Royal Ulster Constabulary police station at Newry, killing nine officers in the highest loss of life for the RUC on a single day. (28th Feb 1985)
18th Six passengers and four railway staff are killed and a further 82 people suffer serious injuries in the Selby rail crash. (28th Feb 2001)
66th James D. Watson and Francis Crick announce that they have discovered the structure of the DNA molecule. (28th Feb 1953)
45th The general election resulted in the first hung parliament since 1929, with the Conservative government having 297 seats - four fewer than Labour, who have 301 - and the largest number of votes. (28th Feb 1974)
44th A major tube train crash at Moorgate station, London, killed 43 people. (28th Feb 1975)
61st the Victorian Society, the pressure group for Victorian architecture, holds its first meeting. (28th Feb 1958)
223rd The Jay Treaty between the United States and Great Britain comes into force, facilitating ten years of peaceful trade between the two nations. (29th Feb 1796)
15th Middlesbrough F.C. win their first trophy in their 128 year history by defeating Bolton Wanderers F.C. in the Football League Cup Final. (29th Feb 2004)



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