List of Historical Anniversaries

I often wonder what significant anniversaries are due at some point in the future as some of them might be of interest as triggers for blog posts or visits somewhere. However, it is often difficult to find out quickly what events have significant anniversaries - hence this section on the website.

By "significant anniversaries", I mean dates that are not, for example, the 73rd anniversary of something, but the 50th, 100th, 200th etc.

It should help to flag up interesting events.

Anniversaries during October 2019

Note: This page lists ALL anniversaries, not just the key dates.
For that more useful list, click here.

4th A new law banning smoking in vehicles carrying children comes into force in England and Wales. (1st Oct 2015)
1060th Edgar the Peaceable becomes king of all England. (1st Oct 0959)
466th Coronation of Queen Mary I of England (1st Oct 1553)
176th The News of the World tabloid begins publication in London. (1st Oct 1843)
101st World War I: Arab forces under T. E. Lawrence (a/k/a "Lawrence of Arabia") capture Damascus. (1st Oct 1918)
73rd Mensa International is founded in the United Kingdom. (1st Oct 1946)
50th Concorde breaks the sound barrier for the first time. (1st Oct 1969)
48th The first brain-scan using x-ray computed tomography (CT or CAT scan) is performed at Atkinson Morley Hospital in Wimbledon, London. (1st Oct 1971)
10th The Supreme Court of the United Kingdom takes over the judicial functions of the House of Lords. (1st Oct 2009)
81st Pioneering photojournalism magazine, Picture Post is first published. (1st Oct 1938)
181st First Anglo-Afghan War begins when Lord Auckland, Governor-General of India, issues a manifesto from Simla giving Britain's reasons for intervening in Afghanistan. (1st Oct 1838)
15th Tony Blair announces his intention to resign as Prime Minister if Labour win the next General Election, so he will not have to stand for a possible fourth term in the position. (1st Oct 2004)
34th A joint Franco-American expedition locates the wreck of the RMS Titanic. (1st Oct 1985)
403rd King James's School, Knaresborough, North Yorkshire, is founded by Dr. Robert Chaloner. (1st Oct 1616)
403rd Ben Jonson's satirical five-act comedy The Devil is an Ass is produced at the Blackfriars Theatre by the King's Men, poking fun at credence in witchcraft and Middlesex juries. (1st Oct 1616)
61st the sovereignty of Christmas Island is transferred from the United Kingdom to Australia. (1st Oct 1958)
81st first Kindertransport from Berlin to London Liverpool Street station via Harwich. (1st Oct 1938)
26th QVC launches the first television shopping channel in the UK. (1st Oct 1993)
756th The battle of Largs is fought between Norwegians and Scots. (2nd Oct 1263)
94th John Logie Baird performs the first test of a working television system. (2nd Oct 1925)
736th Dafydd ap Gruffydd, prince of Gwynedd in Wales, becomes the first person executed by being hanged, drawn and quartered. (2nd Oct 1283)
87th Iraq gains independence from the United Kingdom. (2nd Oct 1932)
67th The United Kingdom successfully tests a nuclear weapon. (2nd Oct 1952)
36th Neil Kinnock is elected leader of the Labour Party on the retirement of Michael Foot. (2nd Oct 1983)
74th Piccadilly Circus tube station becomes the first to be lit by fluorescent light. (2nd Oct 1945)
94th John Logie Baird successfully transmits the first television pictures with a greyscale image. (2nd Oct 1925)
94th London's first double-decker buses with covered top decks are introduced. (2nd Oct 1925)
51st a woman from Birmingham gives birth to the first recorded instance of live Sextuplets in the UK. (2nd Oct 1968)
241st British Captain James Cook anchors in Alaska. (3rd Oct 1778)
7th The decision to award the rail franchise for InterCity West Coast to FirstGroup is scrapped by the government following the discovery of flaws in the bidding process. (3rd Oct 2012)
176th the statue of Nelson placed atop Nelson's Column in Trafalgar Square, London. (3rd Oct 1843)
501st Cardinal Wolsey's Treaty of London is signed by France, England, the Holy Roman Empire, the Papacy, Spain, Burgundy and the Netherlands allying the European powers against the Ottoman Empire. (3rd Oct 1518)
484th The first complete English-language Bible (the Coverdale Bible) is printed, with translations by William Tyndale and Miles Coverdale. (4th Oct 1535)
136th First meeting of the Boys' Brigade in Glasgow, Scotland. (4th Oct 1883)
53rd Basutoland becomes independent from the United Kingdom and is renamed Lesotho. (4th Oct 1966)
43rd Official launch of the Intercity 125 High Speed Train (HST). (4th Oct 1976)
83rd Battle of Cable Street between Oswald Mosley's British Union of Fascists and anti-fascist demonstrators. (4th Oct 1936)
61st BOAC uses new Comet jets to become the first airline to fly jet passenger services across the Atlantic. (4th Oct 1958)
4th England becomes the last UK country to introduce a 5p charge for plastic carrier bags at supermarkets. (5th Oct 2015)
124th The first individual time trial for racing cyclists is held on a 50-mile course north of London. (5th Oct 1895)
89th British Airship R101 crashes in France en-route to India on its maiden voyage. (5th Oct 1930)
83rd The Jarrow March sets off for London. (5th Oct 1936)
51st Police baton civil rights demonstrators in Derry, Northern Ireland - considered to mark the beginning of The Troubles. (5th Oct 1968)
50th The first episode of Monty Python's Flying Circus airs on BBC. (5th Oct 1969)
45th Guildford pub bombings: bombs planted by the Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) kill four British soldiers and one civilian. (5th Oct 1974)
33rd The British newspaper The Sunday Times runs Mordechai Vanunu's story on its front page under the headline: "Revealed - the secrets of Israel's nuclear arsenal". (5th Oct 1986)
20th The Ladbroke Grove rail crash in west London kills 31 people. (5th Oct 1999)
34th PC Keith Blakelock is murdered as riots erupt in the Broadwater Farm suburb of London. (5th Oct 1985)
8th The world's largest solar bridge project got underway at Blackfriars in London. (5th Oct 2011)
13th Rt. Hon. Elish Angiolini, QC, appointed as Lord Advocate in Scotland. She is the first woman and the first solicitor to be appointed to the post. (5th Oct 2006)
165th The Great fire of Newcastle and Gateshead starts shortly after midnight, leading to 53 deaths and hundreds injured. (6th Oct 1854)
34th PC Keith Blakelock is fatally stabbed during the Broadwater Farm Riot in Tottenham, London, which began after the death of Cynthia Jarrett yesterday. Two of his colleagues are treated in hospital for gunshot wounds, as are three journalists. (6th Oct 1985)
304th First of the major Jacobite Rebellions in Scotland against the rule of King George I. (6th Oct 1715)
256th King George III issues British Royal Proclamation of 1763, closing aboriginal lands in North America north and west of Alleghenies to white settlements. (7th Oct 1763)
36th A plan to abolish the Greater London Council is announced. (7th Oct 1983)
23rd The Thiepval barracks bombing injures many people, including a soldier who later dies. (7th Oct 1996)
33rd The first edition of The Independent newspaper is published in London. (7th Oct 1986)
819th Isabella of Angoulême is crowned Queen consort of England. (8th Oct 1200)
213th Forces of the British Empire lay siege to the port of Boulogne in France by using Congreve rockets, invented by Sir William Congreve. (8th Oct 1806)
190th Stephenson's The Rocket wins The Rainhill Trials. (8th Oct 1829)
67th The Harrow and Wealdstone rail crash kills 112 people. (8th Oct 1952)
11th The government announces a bank rescue package worth some £500 billion as a response to the ongoing financial crisis. (8th Oct 2008)
46th London Broadcasting Company, Britain's first legal commercial Independent Local Radio station, begins broadcasting. (8th Oct 1973)
54th The Post Office Tower opens in London. (8th Oct 1965)
26th John Major launches his Back to Basics campaign. (8th Oct 1993)
505th Marriage of Louis XII of France and Mary Tudor. (9th Oct 1514)
79th During a night-time air raid by the German Luftwaffe, St. Paul's Cathedral in the City of London, England is hit by a bomb. (9th Oct 1940)
77th Statute of Westminster 1931 formalises Australian autonomy. (9th Oct 1942)
33rd The musical The Phantom of the Opera has its first performance at Her Majesty's Theatre in London. (9th Oct 1986)
31st Labour MP and Shadow Chancellor John Smith, is hospitalised with a heart attack in Edinburgh. (9th Oct 1988)
15th Scottish Parliament Building in Edinburgh, designed by Enric Miralles, is opened. (9th Oct 2004)
34th Rioting, mostly motivated by racial tension, breaks out in the Handsworth area of Birmingham. (9th Oct 1985)
44th An IRA bomb explosion outside Green Park tube station near Piccadilly in London killed one and injured 20. (9th Oct 1975)
33rd "Babes in the Wood" murders: Two girls, Nicola Fellows (aged nine) and Karen Hadaway (aged 10), are reported missing in Moulsecoomb, Brighton. (9th Oct 1986)
439th After a three-day siege, the English Army beheads over 600 Irish and Papal soldiers and civilians at Dún an Óir, Ireland. (10th Oct 1580)
62nd The Windscale fire in Cumbria, U.K. is the world's first major nuclear accident. (10th Oct 1957)
48th Sold, dismantled and moved to the United States, London Bridge reopens in Lake Havasu City, Arizona. (10th Oct 1971)
56th Prime Minister Harold Macmillan announces his resignation on the grounds of ill health. (10th Oct 1963)
96th First BBC broadcast from Aberdeen - followed by Bournemouth on the 17th. (10th Oct 1923)
91st Tyne Bridge opens, connecting Newcastle upon Tyne and Gateshead. (10th Oct 1928)
370th Sack of Wexford: After a ten-day siege, English New Model Army troops (under Oliver Cromwell) stormed the town of Wexford, killing over 2,000 Irish Confederate troops and 1,500 civilians. (11th Oct 1649)
292nd George II and Caroline of Ansbach are crowned King and Queen of Great Britain. (11th Oct 1727)
222nd Battle of Camperdown: Naval battle between Royal Navy and Royal Netherlands Navy during the French Revolutionary Wars. The outcome of the battle was a decisive British victory. (11th Oct 1797)
120th Second Boer War begins: In South Africa, a war between the United Kingdom and the Boers of the Transvaal and Orange Free State erupts. (11th Oct 1899)
37th The Mary Rose, a Tudor carrack which sank on July 19 1545, is salvaged from the sea bed of the Solent, off Portsmouth. (11th Oct 1982)
7th Heavy rain causes flash flooding in the coastal village of Clovelly, Devon. (11th Oct 2012)
61st first broadcast of the long-running BBC Television sports programme Grandstand. (11th Oct 1958)
803rd King John of England loses his crown jewels in The Wash, probably near Fosdyke, perhaps near Sutton Bridge (12th Oct 1216)
196th Charles Macintosh, of Scotland, sells the first raincoat. (12th Oct 1823)
104th British nurse Edith Cavell is executed by a German firing squad for helping Allied soldiers escape from Belgium (12th Oct 1915)
40th The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy, the first of five books in the Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy comedy science fiction series by Douglas Adams is published. (12th Oct 1979)
35th Brighton hotel bombing: The Provisional Irish Republican Army attempt to assassinate Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher and her cabinet. Thatcher escapes but the bomb kills five people and wounds 31. (12th Oct 1984)
33rd The Queen and Prince Philip visit the People's Republic of China (12th Oct 1986)
31st As Pope John Paul II addresses the European Parliament, Ian Paisley heckles and denounces him as the Antichrist. (12th Oct 1988)
104th British nurse Edith Cavell is executed by a German firing squad for helping Allied soldiers escape from Belgium. (12th Oct 1915)
135th Greenwich, in London, England, is established as Universal Time meridian of longitude. (13th Oct 1884)
31st The House of Lords rules that extracts of the banned book Spycatcher can be published in the media. (13th Oct 1988)
8th BP was given the go-ahead to proceed with a new £4.5 billion oil project west of the Shetland Islands. (13th Oct 2011)
51st the rebuilt Euston railway station opens. (13th Oct 1968)
126th the first students enter St Hilda's College, Oxford, founded for women by Dorothea Beale. (13th Oct 1893)
953rd Battle of Hastings - In England on Senlac Hill, seven miles from Hastings, the Norman forces of William the Conqueror defeat the English army and kill King Harold II of England. (14th Oct 1066)
697th Robert the Bruce of Scotland defeats King Edward II of England at Byland, forcing Edward to accept Scotland's independence. (14th Oct 1322)
433rd Mary, Queen of Scots, goes on trial for conspiracy against Elizabeth I of England. (14th Oct 1586)
246th Just before the beginning of the American Revolutionary War, several of the British East India Company's tea ships are set ablaze at the old seaport of Annapolis, Maryland. (14th Oct 1773)
207th Work on London's Regent's Canal starts. (14th Oct 1812)
176th The British arrest the Irish nationalist Daniel O'Connell for conspiracy to commit crimes. (14th Oct 1843)
109th The English aviator Claude Grahame-White lands his Farman Aircraft biplane on Executive Avenue near the White House in Washington, D.C. (14th Oct 1910)
106th Senghenydd Colliery Disaster, the United Kingdom's worst coal mining accident, occurs, and it claims the lives of 439 miners. (14th Oct 1913)
93rd The children's book Winnie-the-Pooh, by A. A. Milne, is first published. (14th Oct 1926)
80th The German submarine U-47 sinks the British battleship HMS Royal Oak within her harbour at Scapa Flow, Scotland. (14th Oct 1939)
79th Balham subway station disaster, in London, England, occurs during the Nazi Luftwaffe air raids on Great Britain. (14th Oct 1940)
62nd Queen Elizabeth II becomes the first Canadian Monarch to open up an annual session of the Canadian Parliament, presenting her Speech from the Throne in Ottawa, Canada (14th Oct 1957)
50th The UK introduces the British fifty-pence coin, which replaces, over the following years, the British ten-shilling note, in anticipation of the decimalization of the British currency in 1971, and the abolition of the shilling as a unit of currency anywhere in the world. (14th Oct 1969)
131st The first recorded film, Roundhay Garden Scene, is made in Roundhay in Leeds. The film is two seconds and 18 frames in length. (14th Oct 1888)
33rd The MetroCentre is opened. The MetroCentre is officially the largest shopping complex in Europe. Among the MetroCentre's tenants is Marks & Spencer, whose department store there is its first out of town outlet. (14th Oct 1986)
66th British nuclear test Totem 1 detonated at Emu Field, South Australia. (15th Oct 1953)
32nd The Great Storm of 1987 hits France and England. (15th Oct 1987)
22nd The first supersonic land speed record is set by Andy Green in ThrustSSC (United Kingdom), exactly 50 years and 1 day after Chuck Yeager first broke the sound barrier in the Earth's atmosphere. (15th Oct 1997)
7th British Prime Minister David Cameron and Scottish First Minister Alex Salmond sign a deal setting out the terms of a referendum on Scottish independence. (15th Oct 2012)
63rd The RAF retires its last Lancaster bomber (15th Oct 1956)
185th Much of the ancient structure of the Palace of Westminster in London is burnt to the ground. (16th Oct 1834)
150th Girton College, Cambridge is founded, becoming England's first residential college for women. (16th Oct 1869)
80th World War II: First attack on British territory by the German Luftwaffe. (16th Oct 1939)
26th Anti-Nazi riot breaks out in Welling in Kent, after police stop protesters approaching the British National Party headquarters. (16th Oct 1993)
24th The Skye Bridge is opened. (16th Oct 1995)
21st Former Chilean dictator General Augusto Pinochet is arrested in London on a warrant from Spain requesting his extradition on murder charges. (16th Oct 1998)
7th The BBC appoints the heads of two separate inquiries into sexual abuse allegations that have engulfed Jimmy Savile. (16th Oct 2012)
46th The Wicker Man was first shown in cinemas, as a b-movie double with "Don't Look Now", a controversially sexual film. One would become a cult classic, the other forgotten. (16th Oct 1973)
106th HMS Queen Elizabeth launched at Portsmouth Dockyard as the Royal Navy's first oil-fired battleship. (16th Oct 1913)
23rd The Government announces plans to make possession of handguns illegal in the UK, following the Dunblane massacre. (16th Oct 1996)
928th London Tornado of 1091: A tornado thought to be of strength T8/F4 strikes the heart of London. (17th Oct 1091)
673rd Battle of Neville's Cross: King David II of Scotland is captured by Edward III of England near Durham, and imprisoned in the Tower of London for eleven years. (17th Oct 1346)
359th Nine Regicides, the men who signed the death warrant of Charles I, are hanged, drawn and quartered. (17th Oct 1660)
357th Charles II of England sells Dunkirk to France for 40,000 pounds. (17th Oct 1662)
205th London Beer Flood occurs in London, killing nine. (17th Oct 1814)
159th First The Open Championship (referred to in North America as the British Open). (17th Oct 1860)
102nd First British bombing of Germany in World War I. (17th Oct 1917)
63rd The first commercial nuclear power station is officially opened by Queen Elizabeth II in Sellafield,in Cumbria, England. (17th Oct 1956)
39th As part of the Holy See - United Kingdom relations a British monarch makes the first state visit to the Vatican (17th Oct 1980)
19th Train crash at Hatfield, north of London, leading to collapse of Railtrack. (17th Oct 2000)
1003rd The Danes defeat the Saxons in the Battle of Ashingdon. (18th Oct 1016)
168th Herman Melville's Moby-Dick is first published as The Whale by Richard Bentley of London. (18th Oct 1851)
97th The BBC is founded by a consortium, to establish a nationwide network of radio transmitters to provide a national broadcasting service. (18th Oct 1922)
11th An episode of The Russell Brand Show aired, featuring a series of prank phone calls to the actor Andrew Sachs by comedians Russell Brand and Jonathan Ross, leading to a media row. (18th Oct 2008)
14th The landmark Spinnaker Tower in Portsmouth opens. At 170 metres (560 ft) it is the tallest accessible structure in the UK outside London. (18th Oct 2005)
51st National Giro opens for business through the General Post Office, (18th Oct 1968)
803rd King John of England dies at Newark-on-Trent and is succeeded by his nine-year-old son Henry. (19th Oct 1216)
566th The French recapture of Bordeaux brings the Hundred Years' War to a close, with the English retaining only Calais on French soil. (19th Oct 1453)
370th New Ross town, Co. Wexford, Ireland, surrenders to Oliver Cromwell. (19th Oct 1649)
238th At Yorktown, Virginia, representatives of British commander Lord Cornwallis handed over Cornwallis' sword and formally surrendered to George Washington and the comte de Rochambeau. (19th Oct 1781)
30th The convictions of the Guildford Four are quashed by the Court of Appeal of England and Wales, after they had spent 15 years in prison. (19th Oct 1989)
201st The Convention of 1818 signed between the United States and the United Kingdom which, among other things, settled the Canada - United States border on the 49th parallel for most of its length. (20th Oct 1818)
109th The hull of the RMS Olympic, sister-ship to the ill-fated RMS Titanic, is launched from the Harland and Wolff shipyard in Belfast, Northern Ireland. (20th Oct 1910)
46th The Dalai Lama made his first visit to the UK. (20th Oct 1973)
104th First women recruited as bus and tram conductors. (20th Oct 1915)
71st KLM Constellation air disaster: a KLM Lockheed Constellation airliner crashes (20th Oct 1948)
4th The voting rights of Scottish MPs are to be restricted after the government wins a vote on its 'English votes for English laws’ (Evel) plans. (21st Oct 2015)
214th Battle of Trafalgar: A British fleet led by Vice Admiral Lord Nelson defeats a combined French and Spanish fleet off the coast of Spain under Admiral Villeneuve. It signals almost the end of French maritime power and leaves Britain's navy unchallenged until the 20th century. (21st Oct 1805)
195th Joseph Aspdin patents Portland cement. (21st Oct 1824)
165th Florence Nightingale and a staff of 38 nurses are sent to the Crimean War. (21st Oct 1854)
53rd Aberfan disaster: A slag heap collapses on the village of Aberfan in Wales, killing 144 people, mostly schoolchildren. (21st Oct 1966)
206th Nelson Monument, Liverpool unveiled. (21st Oct 1813)
8th London's St Paul's Cathedral was forced to close its doors to visitors for the first time since WW2 after Occupy London protesters set up camp on its doorstep. (21st Oct 2011)
81st Apostolic Delegation to Great Britain appointed. (21st Oct 1938)
312th Scilly naval disaster: four British Royal Navy ships run aground near the Isles of Scilly because of faulty navigation. Admiral Sir Cloudesley Shovell and thousands of sailors drown. (22nd Oct 1707)
142nd The Blantyre mining disaster in Scotland kills 207 miners. (22nd Oct 1877)
141st The first rugby match under floodlights takes place in Salford, between Broughton and Swinton. (22nd Oct 1878)
109th Dr. Crippen is convicted at the Old Bailey of poisoning his wife and is subsequently hanged at Pentonville Prison in London. (22nd Oct 1910)
56th A BAC One-Eleven prototype airliner crashes in UK with the loss of all on board. (22nd Oct 1963)
7th Surgeons carried out the first ever robotic open-heart operations in Britain at the New Cross Hospital in Wolverhampton. (22nd Oct 2012)
36th Over a million people demonstrate against nuclear weapons at a CND march in London. (22nd Oct 1983)
53rd British spy George Blake escapes from Wormwood Scrubs prison; he is next seen in Moscow. (22nd Oct 1966)
43rd The Damned release New Rose, the first ever single marketed as "punk rock". (22nd Oct 1976)
724th The first treaty forming the Auld Alliance between Scotland and France against England is signed in Paris. (23rd Oct 1295)
378th Outbreak of the Irish Rebellion of 1641. (23rd Oct 1641)
377th Battle of Edgehill: First major battle of the First English Civil War. (23rd Oct 1642)
312th The first Parliament of Great Britain meets. (23rd Oct 1707)
280th War of Jenkins' Ear starts: British Prime Minister, Robert Walpole, reluctantly declares war on Spain. (23rd Oct 1739)
26th Shankill Road bombing: A Provisional IRA bomb prematurely detonates in the Shankill area of Belfast, killing the bomber and nine civilians. (23rd Oct 1993)
4th A "significant and sustained" cyber-attack is made on the website of telecoms firm TalkTalk, with personal and banking details of up to four million customers being accessed. (23rd Oct 2015)
41st the government announces plans for a new single exam to replace O Levels and CSEs. (23rd Oct 1978)
162nd Sheffield F.C., the world's first football club, is founded in Sheffield, England. (24th Oct 1857)
33rd Nezar Hindawi is sentenced to 45 years in prison, the longest sentence handed down by a British court, for the attempted bombing on an El Al flight at Heathrow. After the verdict, the United Kingdom breaks diplomatic relations with Syria, claiming that Hindawi is helped by Syrian officials. (24th Oct 1986)
16th Concorde makes its last commercial flight. (24th Oct 2003)
58th The first official modern day Prime Minister's Question Time takes place in the House of Commons (24th Oct 1961)
36th Dennis Nilsen goes on trial at the Central Criminal Court accused of six murders and two attempted murders. He confesses to murdering "15 or 16" men. (24th Oct 1983)
33rd The UK breaks off diplomatic relations with Syria over links to the Hindawi Affair. (24th Oct 1986)
63rd Protocol of Sèvres, a secret agreement between the UK, France and Israel allowing the latter to invade Sinai with the support of the two former governments. Eden subsequently denies existence of an agreement. (24th Oct 1956)
872nd The Portuguese, under Afonso I, and Crusaders from England and Flanders conquer Lisbon after a four-month siege. (25th Oct 1147)
604th The army of Henry V of England defeats the French at the Battle of Agincourt. (25th Oct 1415)
272nd British fleet under Admiral Sir Edward Hawke defeats the French at the second battle of Cape Finisterre. (25th Oct 1747)
207th War of 1812: The American heavy frigate, USS United States, commanded by Stephen Decatur, captures the British frigate HMS Macedonian. (25th Oct 1812)
191st The St Katharine Docks opened in London. (25th Oct 1828)
119th The United Kingdom annexes the Transvaal. (25th Oct 1900)
99th After 74 days on Hunger Strike in Brixton Prison, England, the Sinn Féin Lord Mayor of Cork, Terence MacSwiney died. (25th Oct 1920)
95th The forged Zinoviev Letter is published in the Daily Mail, wrecking the British Labour Party's hopes of re-election. (25th Oct 1924)
379th The Treaty of Ripon is signed, restoring peace between Scotland and Charles I of England. (25th Oct 1640)
43rd Opening of the Royal National Theatre on the South Bank in London, in premises designed by Sir Denys Lasdun. (25th Oct 1976)
41st a ceremony marks the completion of Liverpool Cathedral, for which the foundation stone was laid in 1904. (25th Oct 1978)
61st the Short SC.1 experimental VTOL aircraft makes its first free vertical flight. (25th Oct 1958)
259th George III becomes King of Great Britain. (26th Oct 1760)
244th King George III goes before Parliament to declare the American colonies in rebellion, and authorized a military response to quell the American Revolution. (26th Oct 1775)
160th The Royal Charter is wrecked on the coast of Anglesey, north Wales with 459 dead. (26th Oct 1859)
27th The London Ambulance Service is thrown into chaos after the implementation of a new CAD, or Computer Aided Dispatch, system which failed. (26th Oct 1992)
20th Britain's House of Lords votes to end the right of hereditary peers to vote in Britain's upper chamber of Parliament. (26th Oct 1999)
156th The Football Association is founded at the Freemasons' Tavern in Long Acre, London. (26th Oct 1863)
4th Rachel Treweek, Bishop of Gloucester, becomes the first woman to take her seat as a bishop in the House of Lords. (26th Oct 2015)
13th The Duke of Edinburgh officially opens Arsenal's new stadium. (26th Oct 2006)
33rd Bus deregulation begins in the United Kingdom, except Greater London and Northern Ireland. (26th Oct 1986)
33rd Jeffrey Archer resigns as Deputy Leader of the Conservative Party over allegations concerning prostitutes (26th Oct 1986)
101st Cecil Chubb donates Stonehenge to the nation. (26th Oct 1918)
1080th Edmund I succeeds Athelstan as King of England. (27th Oct 0939)
375th Second Battle of Newbury in the English Civil War. (27th Oct 1644)
83rd Mrs Wallis Simpson files for divorce which would eventually allow her to marry King Edward VIII of the United Kingdom, thus forcing his abdication from the throne. (27th Oct 1936)
66th British nuclear test Totem 2 is carried out at Emu Field, South Australia. (27th Oct 1953)
33rd The British government suddenly deregulates financial markets, leading to a total restructuring of the way in which they operate in the country, in an event now referred to as the Big Bang. (27th Oct 1986)
24th The BBC begins regular Digital Audio Broadcasting, from the Crystal Palace transmitting station. (27th Oct 1995)
33rd The Australian TV soap Neighbours is launched on BBC1. (27th Oct 1986)
41st four people die and four others are wounded in a shooting spree which began in a residential street in West Bromwich and ends at a petrol station some 20 miles away in Nuneaton. (27th Oct 1978)
51st police and protestors clash at an anti-Vietnam War protest outside the Embassy of the United States in London. (27th Oct 1968)
101st Spanish Flu outbreak in London - leads to 2,200 deaths (27th Oct 1918)
48th Britain launches its first satellite, Prospero, into low Earth orbit atop a Black Arrow carrier rocket. (28th Oct 1971)
31st British Rail announces a 21% rise in the cost of long distance season tickets. (28th Oct 1988)
126th the Royal Navy's first destroyer, HMS Havock, undergoes sea trials. (28th Oct 1893)
34th A riot in Brixton erupts after an accidental shooting of a woman by police. One person dies in the riot, 50 are injured and more than 200 are arrested. (28th Oct 1985)
61st the State Opening of Parliament is broadcast on television for the first time. (28th Oct 1958)
401st Sir Walter Raleigh is beheaded for allegedly conspiring against James I of England. (29th Oct 1618)
77th In the United Kingdom, leading clergymen and political figures hold a public meeting to register outrage over Nazi Germany's persecution of Jews. (29th Oct 1942)
52nd London criminal Jack McVitie is murdered by the Kray twins, leading to their eventual imprisonment and downfall. (29th Oct 1967)
33rd British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher opens the last stretch of the M25 motorway. (29th Oct 1986)
16th Iain Duncan-Smith resigns after just over two years as leader of the Conservative Party. (29th Oct 2003)
43rd Opening of Selby Coalfield. (29th Oct 1976)
81st City Hall, Norwich, designed in the Art Deco style by C. H. James and S. R. Pierce, is opened. (29th Oct 1938)
549th Henry VI of England returns to the English throne after Earl of Warwick defeats the Yorkists in battle. (30th Oct 1470)
534th King Henry VII of England is crowned. (30th Oct 1485)
94th John Logie Baird creates Britain's first television transmitter. (30th Oct 1925)
77th Lt. Tony Fasson, Able Seaman Colin Grazier and canteen assistant Tommy Brown from HMS Petard board U-559, retrieving material which would lead to the decryption of the German Enigma code. (30th Oct 1942)
59th Michael Woodruff performs the first successful kidney transplant in the United Kingdom at the Edinburgh Royal Infirmary. (30th Oct 1960)
4th Shaker Aamer, the last British resident to be held in Guantanamo Bay, lands in the UK, having been detained for 13 years. (30th Oct 2015)
79th The Battle of Britain ends - the United Kingdom prevents a possible German invasion. (31st Oct 1940)
78th A fire in a clothing factory in Huddersfield, England kills 49 (31st Oct 1941)
63rd The United Kingdom and France begin bombing Egypt to force the reopening of the Suez Canal. (31st Oct 1956)
46th Three Provisional Irish Republican Army members escape from Mountjoy Prison, Dublin, Republic of Ireland aboard a hijacked helicopter that lands in the exercise yard. (31st Oct 1973)
83rd Elizabeth Cowell becomes the first female British television presenter, after making a broadcast from Alexandra Palace. (31st Oct 1936)
753rd Second Barons' War: The war winds down as supporters of the slain rebel leader Simon de Montfort make an offer of peace to the king in the Dictum of Kenilworth. (31st Oct 1266)



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