List of Historical Anniversaries

I often wonder what significant anniversaries are due at some point in the future as some of them might be of interest as triggers for blog posts or visits somewhere. However, it is often difficult to find out quickly what events have significant anniversaries - hence this section on the website.

By "significant anniversaries", I mean dates that are not, for example, the 73rd anniversary of something, but the 50th, 100th, 200th etc.

It should help to flag up interesting events.

Anniversaries during January 2020

Note: This page lists ALL anniversaries, not just the key dates.
For that more useful list, click here.

420th Scotland begins its numbered year on January 1 instead of March 25. (1st Jan 1600)
369th Charles II is crowned King of Scotland. (1st Jan 1651)
248th The first traveler's cheques, which can be used in 90 European cities, go on sale in London. (1st Jan 1772)
232nd First edition of The Times of London, previously The Daily Universal Register, is published. (1st Jan 1788)
219th The legislative union of Kingdom of Great Britain and Kingdom of Ireland is completed to form the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. (1st Jan 1801)
187th The United Kingdom claims sovereignty over the Falkland Islands. (1st Jan 1833)
143rd Queen Victoria is proclaimed Empress of India. (1st Jan 1877)
126th The Manchester Ship Canal, England, is officially opened to traffic. (1st Jan 1894)
119th Nigeria becomes a British protectorate. (1st Jan 1901)
110th Captain David Beatty is promoted to Rear Admiral, and becomes the youngest admiral in the Royal Navy (except for Royal family members), since Horatio Nelson. (1st Jan 1910)
97th Britain's Railways are grouped into the Big Four: LNER, GWR, SR, and LMS. (1st Jan 1923)
83rd Safety glass in vehicle windscreens becomes mandatory in Great Britain. (1st Jan 1937)
72nd The British railway network is nationalised to form British Railways. (1st Jan 1948)
63rd An Irish Republican Army (IRA) unit attacks Brookeborough RUC barracks in one of the most famous incidents of the IRA's Operation Harvest. (1st Jan 1957)
47th The UK is admitted into the European Community. (1st Jan 1973)
35th The first British mobile phone call is made by Ernie Wise to Vodafone. (1st Jan 1985)
78th An underground explosion at Sneyd Colliery in the North Staffordshire Coalfield kills 55. (1st Jan 1942)
258th At some point in January, the "Cock Lane ghost" appeared in London. (1st Jan 1762)
77th Post-war austerity "Utility furniture" goes on sale for the first time. (1st Jan 1943)
87th The London Underground map designed by Harry Beck is introduced to the public for the first time. (occurred at an unknown date in January) (1st Jan 1933)
107th The British Board of Film Censors receives the authority to classify and censor films. (1st Jan 1913)
46th New Year's Day was celebrated as a public holiday for the first time. (1st Jan 1974)
96th The Met Office issues its first broadcast Shipping Forecast, at this time called Weather Shipping. (1st Jan 1924)
705th The Great Famine of 1315 - 1317 (1st Jan 1315)
55th Introduction of new "Worboys Committee" road signs. (1st Jan 1965)
65th The U.K's first atomic bomber unit, No. 138 Squadron RAF, is formed, flying Vickers Valiants from RAF Gaydon in Warwickshire. (1st Jan 1955)
105th World War I: Sinking of the battleship HMS Formidable, off Lyme Regis, Dorset, by an Imperial German Navy U-boat. 35 officers and 512 men are killed. (1st Jan 1915)
43rd The United Kingdom holds the Presidency of the Council of the European Union for the first time. (1st Jan 1977)
53rd The London-set film Blowup is released in the UK. (1st Jan 1967)
73rd The government nationalises the coal industry in the UK and Cable & Wireless. (1st Jan 1947)
93rd The British Broadcasting Company becomes the British Broadcasting Corporation, when it is granted a Royal Charter. Sir John Reith becomes the first Director-General. (1st Jan 1927)
303rd Count Carl Gyllenborg, the Swedish ambassador, is arrested in London over a plot to assist the Pretender James Francis Edward Stuart. (1st Jan 1717)
403rd Pocahontas received at court; she dies two months later at Gravesend. (1st Jan 1617)
92nd abolition of domestic slavery in the British Protectorate of Sierra Leone comes into effect. (1st Jan 1928)
42nd the otter becomes a protected species, ending hunting of it. (1st Jan 1978)
27th Carlton Television and Meridian begin broadcasting. Teletext Ltd. launches a new Teletext service on ITV and Channel 4, replacing the 14-year-old ORACLE teletext service. (1st Jan 1993)
177th Daniel M'Naghten shoots and kills the Prime Minister's private secretary, Edward Drummond, in Whitehall. (2nd Jan 1843)
202nd The British Institution of Civil Engineers is founded (2nd Jan 1818)
109th A gun battle in the East End of London left two dead and sparked a political row over the involvement of then-Home Secretary Winston Churchill (2nd Jan 1911)
79th World War II: German bombing severely damages the Llandaff Cathedral in Cardiff, Wales (2nd Jan 1941)
38th The Welsh Army of Workers claims responsibility for a bomb explosion at the Birmingham headquarters of Severn Trent Water. (2nd Jan 1982)
58th The BBC broadcasts the first episode of Z-Cars. (2nd Jan 1962)
33rd Golliwogs are banned from Enid Blyton books by their publisher and replaced by politically correct gnomes following complaints that golliwogs were offensive to black people. (2nd Jan 1987)
53rd Actor Charlie Chaplin opened his last film, A Countess From Hong Kong, in England. (2nd Jan 1967)
73rd British coins cease to include any silver content. (2nd Jan 1947)
453rd Parliament dissolved as Queen Elizabeth refuses to name a successor. (2nd Jan 1567)
4th The government announces proposals to build seventeen new towns and villages across the English countryside. (2nd Jan 2016)
205th Austria, the United Kingdom, and France form a secret defensive alliance treaty against Prussia and Russia. (3rd Jan 1815)
32nd Margaret Thatcher becomes the longest-serving UK Prime Minister this century, having been in power for eight years and 244 days. (3rd Jan 1988)
8th After a trial based on new forensic evidence, Gary Dobson and David Norris are convicted of the racist murder of black London teenager Stephen Lawrence, who was killed in April 1993. (3rd Jan 2012)
16th The BBC cancels the appearance of Coca Cola sponsorship credits in the music charts in its BBC One Top of the Pops show, after criticism from politicians and health campaigners. (3rd Jan 2004)
36th The FTSE 100 Index starts. (3rd Jan 1984)
1149th Battle of Reading: Ethelred of Wessex fights, and is defeated by, a Danish invasion army. (4th Jan 0871)
378th King Charles I of England sends soldiers to arrest members of Parliament, commencing England's slide into civil war. (4th Jan 1642)
371st English Civil War: The Rump Parliament votes to put Charles I on trial. (4th Jan 1649)
303rd The Netherlands, Great Britain, and France sign the Triple Alliance. (4th Jan 1717)
258th Great Britain declares war on Spain and Naples. (4th Jan 1762)
136th The Fabian Society is founded in London. (4th Jan 1884)
108th The Scout Association is incorporated throughout the British Commonwealth by Royal Charter. (4th Jan 1912)
48th Rose Heilbron becomes the first female judge to sit at the Old Bailey in London. (4th Jan 1972)
7th Mark Cahill, a 51-year-old former pub landlord from West Yorkshire becomes the first person in the UK to receive a hand transplant. (4th Jan 2013)
72nd Burma gains its independence from the United Kingdom. (4th Jan 1948)
954th Edward the Confessor dies childless, sparking a succession crisis that will eventually lead to the Norman Conquest of England. (5th Jan 1066)
76th The Daily Mail becomes the first transoceanic newspaper. (5th Jan 1944)
51st Members of the Royal Ulster Constabulary damage property and assault occupants in the Bogside in Derry, Northern Ireland. In response, residents erect barricades and establish Free Derry. (5th Jan 1969)
49th The first One Day International cricket match is held between Australia and England at the Melbourne Cricket Ground. (5th Jan 1971)
17th Police arrest seven suspects in connection with Wood Green ricin plot. (5th Jan 2003)
13th Umran Javed is found guilty at the Old Bailey of inciting racial hatred at a London rally in February 2006 protesting against the publication of a cartoon in a Danish newspaper depicting Muhammad. (5th Jan 2007)
11th Waterford Wedgwood, makers of the famous Wedgwood pottery, entered administration (5th Jan 2009)
10th The country was once again deluged by heavy snowfall as it endured its worst cold spell since the winter of 198182. (5th Jan 2010)
4th The Royal Parks announces that the Changing of the Guard ceremony will be held on fixed days of the week (Mondays, Wednesdays, Fridays and Sundays) instead of alternate days for a three-month trial period owing to tightened security. (5th Jan 2016)
52nd Gardeners' World debuts on BBC1 television, featuring Percy Thrower. (5th Jan 1968)
72nd the first episode of the radio serial drama Mrs Dale's Diary is broadcast on the BBC Light Programme. (5th Jan 1948)
27th oil tanker MV Braer runs aground on Shetland, spilling 84,700 tonnes of crude oil into the sea. (5th Jan 1993)
954th Harold Godwinson is crowned King of England. (6th Jan 1066)
480th King Henry VIII of England marries Anne of Cleves. (6th Jan 1540)
359th The Fifth Monarchists unsuccessfully attempt to seize control of London. (6th Jan 1661)
239th In the Battle of Jersey, the British defeat the last attempt by France to invade Jersey. (6th Jan 1781)
16th The coroner's inquest into the death of Diana, Princess of Wales and her lover Dodi Al-Fayed is officially opened. (6th Jan 2004)
11th The closure of Woolworths was completed across the UK, having started at the end of December, and spelled an end to 100 years of the retail chain. The company was placed into administration in November 2008. (6th Jan 2009)
4th Labour MPs Jonathan Reynolds and Stephen Doughty quit over the sacking of the shadow Europe minister Pat McFadden, after party leader Jeremy Corbyn reshuffles his shadow cabinet and makes controversial changes within his team. (6th Jan 2016)
43rd Record company EMI sacks the British punk rock group the Sex Pistols for their behaviour on ITV's Today Show, whose presenter Bill Grundy was also dismissed by his employers for inciting them. (6th Jan 1977)
82nd psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud arrives in London having fled from Vienna in Austria. (6th Jan 1938)
92nd River Thames floods in London; 14 drown. On 7 January the moat at the Tower of London (drained in 1843 and planted with grass) is completely refilled by the river. (6th Jan 1928)
462nd France takes Calais, the last continental possession of England. (7th Jan 1558)
235th Frenchman Jean-Pierre Blanchard and American John Jeffries travel from Dover, England, to Calais, France, in a gas balloon. (7th Jan 1785)
93rd The first transatlantic telephone service is established - from New York City to London. (7th Jan 1927)
55th Twin brothers Ronnie and Reggie Kray are arrested on suspicion of running a protection racket in London. (7th Jan 1965)
53rd The television series The Forsyte Saga was first shown, on BBC Two. (7th Jan 1967)
1149th Alfred the Great leads a West Saxon army to repel an invasion by Danelaw Vikings. (8th Jan 0871)
286th Premiere performance of George Frideric Handel's Ariodante at the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden. (8th Jan 1734)
274th Second Jacobite Rising: Bonnie Prince Charlie occupies Stirling. (8th Jan 1746)
80th World War II: Britain introduces food rationing. (8th Jan 1940)
31st The Kegworth air disaster. British Midland flight 92 crashes into the M1 motorway killing 47 people out of 127 on board. (8th Jan 1989)
16th The RMS Queen Mary 2, the largest passenger ship ever built, is christened by her namesake's granddaughter, Queen Elizabeth II. (8th Jan 2004)
11th The Bank of England cut its base interest rate to 1.5% amid the global economic downturn, the lowest it has been in the bank's 300-year history. (8th Jan 2009)
6th An inquest jury decides that Mark Duggan, whose death sparked the 2011 riots was lawfully killed by police. (8th Jan 2014)
16th The Queen Mary 2 is christened by Elizabeth II. (8th Jan 2004)
32nd the Society of Motor Manufacturers and Traders reveals that new car sales in Britain last year exceeded 2,000,000 for the first time. The Ford Escort was Britain's best-selling car for the sixth year running. (8th Jan 1988)
52nd the Prime Minister, Harold Wilson, endorses the 'I'm Backing Britain' campaign, encouraging workers to work extra time without pay or take other actions to help competitiveness, which is spreading across Britain. (8th Jan 1968)
589th Judges' investigations for the trial of Joan of Arc begin in Rouen, France, the seat of the English occupation government. (9th Jan 1431)
252nd In London, Philip Astley stages the first modern circus. (9th Jan 1768)
214th Admiral Horatio Lord Nelson receives a state funeral and is interred in St Paul's Cathedral. (9th Jan 1806)
204th Sir Humphry Davy tests the Davy lamp for miners at Hebburn Colliery. (9th Jan 1816)
111th Ernest Shackleton, leading the Nimrod Expedition to the South Pole, plants the British flag 97 nautical miles (180 km; 112 mi) from the South Pole, the furthest anyone had ever reached at that time. (9th Jan 1909)
79th World War II: First flight of the Avro Lancaster. (9th Jan 1941)
13th New rules outlawing businesses from discriminating against homosexuals are upheld in the House of Lords, after a challenge by Lord Morrow of the Democratic Unionist Party. (9th Jan 2007)
48th Coal miners begin a strike which lasts for seven weeks. (9th Jan 1972)
4th A strike by workers on London Underground causes travel chaos and crowding in London, with much of the Tube network shut down. (9th Jan 2016)
152nd penal transportation from Britain to Australia ends with arrival of the convict ship Hougoumont in Western Australia after an 89-day voyage from England. (9th Jan 1868)
375th Archbishop William Laud is beheaded at the Tower of London. (10th Jan 1645)
157th The London Underground, the world's oldest underground railway, opens between London Paddington station and Farringdon station. (10th Jan 1863)
38th The lowest ever UK temperature of -27.2C is recorded at Braemar, in Aberdeenshire. This equals the record set in the same place in 1895. (10th Jan 1982)
17th Ian Carr, a 27-year-old banned driver with a total of 89 previous convictions), admits causing the death by dangerous driving of a six-year-old girl in Ashington, Northumberland - a crime which sparks widespread public and media outrage across Britain. (10th Jan 2003)
182nd A fire destroys Lloyd's Coffee House and the Royal Exchange in London. (10th Jan 1838)
7th April Casburn, a senior detective with the Metropolitan Police is found guilty of trying to sell information on the investigation into phone hacking to the News of the World. (10th Jan 2013)
66th A de Havilland Comet jet airliner on BOAC Flight 781 from Singapore to London crashes in the Mediterranean Sea following fatigue failure, killing all 35 on board. (10th Jan 1954)
6th Police officer Keith Wallis pleads guilty to misconduct in a public office over an email he sent to his local MP concerning the Plebgate affair. (10th Jan 2014)
35th The Sinclair C5, a battery-assisted recumbent tricycle, designed by the British inventor Clive Sinclair is launched. (10th Jan 1985)
35th Eight people are killed by a gas explosion at a block of flats in Putney. (10th Jan 1985)
8th The Scottish Government announces that it plans to hold the referendum on Scottish independence in the autumn of 2014. (10th Jan 2012)
8th Five Muslim men go on trial at Derby Crown Court for calling for gay men to be killed, the first such prosecution under hate crime legislation. (10th Jan 2012)
43rd Clive Sinclair introduces his new two-inch screen television set, which retails at £175. (10th Jan 1977)
63rd Harold Macmillan succeeds Eden as Prime Minister. (10th Jan 1957)
27th British Airways admits liability and apologises "unreservedly" for a "dirty tricks" campaign against Virgin Atlantic. (11th Jan 1993)
451st First recorded lottery in England. (11th Jan 1569)
38th Mark Thatcher, son of Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher, disappears in the Sahara during Paris-Dakar rally. (11th Jan 1982)
47th The Open University awarded its first degrees. (11th Jan 1973)
56th Teen girls' magazine Jackie first published. (11th Jan 1964)
156th Charing Cross railway station in London opens. (11th Jan 1864)
31st Abbey National building society offers free shares to its 5.5 million members. (11th Jan 1989)
32nd the government announces that inflammable foam furniture will be banned from March next year. (11th Jan 1988)
42nd a North Sea storm surge ruins four piers in the UK: Herne Bay, Margate, Hunstanton and Skegness. (11th Jan 1978)
212th The organizational meeting that led to the creation of the Wernerian Natural History Society, a former Scottish learned society, is held in Edinburgh. (12th Jan 1808)
154th The Royal Aeronautical Society is formed in London. (12th Jan 1866)
125th The National Trust is founded in the United Kingdom. (12th Jan 1895)
121st 13 crew members and 5 apprentices are rescued from the stricken schooner Forest Hall by the Lynmouth Lifeboat when it floundered off the coast of Devon, England. (12th Jan 1899)
114th Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman's cabinet (which included amongst its members H. H. Asquith, David Lloyd George, and Winston Churchill) embarks on sweeping social reforms after a Liberal landslide in the British general election. (12th Jan 1906)
98th British government releases remaining Irish prisoners captured in the War of Independence. (12th Jan 1922)
98th HMS Victory permanently dry docked at Portsmouth. (12th Jan 1922)
4th Plans for a 1.8-mile road tunnel on the A303 near Stonehenge in Wiltshire are finalised by the UK Government. (12th Jan 2016)
4th A government-commissioned review gives backing to a tidal lagoon planned for Swansea Bay in Wales. The ?1,300,000,000 project could have a lifetime of 120 years and supply 8% of UK energy. (12th Jan 2016)
72nd the London Co-operative Society opens Britain's first supermarket, in Manor Park, London. (12th Jan 1948)
102nd Minnie Pit disaster, a mining accident at Halmer End in the North Staffordshire Coalfield, kills 155 as the result of an explosion caused by firedamp. (12th Jan 1918)
102nd Admiralty M-class destroyers HMS Narborough (1916) and HMS Opal (1915) run aground and are wrecked off Orkney in a severe storm with only one survivor. (12th Jan 1918)
692nd Edward III of England marries Philippa of Hainault, daughter of the Count of Hainault. (13th Jan 1328)
473rd Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey is sentenced to death. (13th Jan 1547)
235th John Walter publishes the first issue of the Daily Universal Register (later renamed The Times). (13th Jan 1785)
127th The Independent Labour Party of the United Kingdom holds its first meeting. (13th Jan 1893)
16th Serial killer Dr. Harold Shipman is found dead in his cell; suicide is suspected. (13th Jan 2004)
9th publication of the Giving Victims a Voice report, initiated as a result of publicity surrounding the Jimmy Savile sexual abuse scandal (13th Jan 2011)
4th a helicopter crash in central London kills two people and injures 13 others. (13th Jan 2016)
77th World War II: Franklin D. Roosevelt and Winston Churchill begin the Casablanca Conference to discuss strategy and study the next phase of the war. (14th Jan 1943)
42nd The English punk rock band Sex Pistols broke up amidst their US tour. (14th Jan 1978)
62nd TWW, the ITV franchise for South Wales and the West Of England goes on the air. (14th Jan 1958)
18th The end of the Foot and Mouth crisis is declared after 11 months (14th Jan 2002)
28th The Bank of Credit and Commerce International goes into liquidation. (14th Jan 1992)
11th The government unveiled a £20 billion loan guarantee scheme for small and medium sized business amid the global financial crisis. (14th Jan 2009)
26th The Duchess of Kent joins the Roman Catholic Church, the first member of the Royal Family to convert to Catholicism for more than 300 years. (14th Jan 1994)
206th Treaty of Kiel cedes Danish Heligoland to Britain. (14th Jan 1814)
206th Last River Thames frost fair in London. (14th Jan 1814)
31st Muslims demonstrate in Bradford against The Satanic Verses, a book written by Salman Rushdie, burning copies of the book in the city streets. (14th Jan 1989)
281st Britain and Spain sign the Convention of Pardo. (14th Jan 1739)
461st Elizabeth I is crowned Queen of England in Westminster Abbey, London. (15th Jan 1559)
261st The British Museum opens. (15th Jan 1759)
11th Approval was granted for the building of the controversial third runway and sixth terminal at Heathrow Airport. (15th Jan 2009)
4th Tim Peake conducts the first ever spacewalk by an "official" British astronaut. (15th Jan 2016)
13th Diana, Princess of Wales calls for an international ban on landmines. (15th Jan 2007)
53rd The United Kingdom entered the first round of negotiations for EEC membership in Rome. (15th Jan 1967)
102nd the keel of HMS Hermes (95) is laid on Tyneside, the first purpose-designed aircraft carrier to be laid down. (15th Jan 1918)
448th Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk is tried for treason for his part in the Ridolfi plot to restore Catholicism in England. (16th Jan 1572)
439th The English Parliament outlaws Roman Catholicism. (16th Jan 1581)
313th The Scottish Parliament ratifies the Act of Union, paving the way for the creation of Great Britain. (16th Jan 1707)
81st The Irish Republican Army (IRA) begins a bombing and sabotage campaign in England. (16th Jan 1939)
7th A helicopter crash in central London kills two people and injures 13 others. (16th Jan 2013)
63rd Royal Ballet granted a Royal Charter. (16th Jan 1957)
63rd The Cavern Club opens in Liverpool as a jazz club. (16th Jan 1957)
4th The power-sharing government of Northern Ireland collapses following the resignation of Martin McGuinness. (16th Jan 2016)
52nd the Prime Minister announces that the Civil Defence Corps is being stood down. (16th Jan 1968)
372nd England's Long Parliament passes the Vote of No Addresses, breaking off negotiations with King Charles I and thereby setting the scene for the second phase of the English Civil War. (17th Jan 1648)
247th Captain James Cook and his crew become the first Europeans to sail below the Antarctic Circle. (17th Jan 1773)
168th The United Kingdom recognizes the independence of the Boer colonies of the Transvaal. (17th Jan 1852)
12th British Airways Flight 38 crash lands just short of London Heathrow Airport in England with no fatalities. It is the first complete hull loss of a Boeing 777. (17th Jan 2008)
28th In an IRA bomb attack near Omagh, seven construction workers are killed and seven others injured. (17th Jan 1992)
108th British polar explorer Robert Falcon Scott and a team of four reach the South Pole, only to find that Amundsen has beaten them to it. (17th Jan 1912)
308th Robert Walpole imprisoned in the Tower of London following charges of corruption (17th Jan 1712)
37th First British breakfast time television programme, Breakfast Time, broadcast by the BBC. (17th Jan 1983)
35th British Telecom announces it is going to phase out its famous red telephone boxes. (17th Jan 1985)
4th For the first time, the typical pay of a Scottish worker rises above those in England, according to a new study by the Resolution Foundation. (17th Jan 2016)
13th It was announced that methamphetamine otherwise known as crystal meth will be reclassified to a Class A drug, to avert widespread use of the drug. (17th Jan 2007)
13th A jury at the Old Bailey rules that 86-year-old Szymon Serafinowicz is unfit to stand trial on charges of murdering Jews during the Holocaust. (17th Jan 2007)
77th anti-aircraft shrapnel shells kill 23 people and injure 60 during a raid on London by 118 planes; six are reported losses. (17th Jan 1943)
534th King Henry VII of England marries Elizabeth of York, daughter of Edward IV. (18th Jan 1486)
136th Dr. William Price attempts to cremate the body of his infant son, Jesus Christ Price, setting a legal precedent for cremation in the United Kingdom (18th Jan 1884)
134th Modern field hockey is born with the formation of The Hockey Association in England. (18th Jan 1886)
117th President Theodore Roosevelt sends a radio message to King Edward VII: the first transatlantic radio transmission originating in the United States. (18th Jan 1903)
42nd The European Court of Human Rights finds the United Kingdom government guilty of mistreating prisoners in Northern Ireland, but not guilty of torture. (18th Jan 1978)
13th The strongest storm in the United Kingdom in 17 years kills 14 people, Germany sees the worst storm since 1999 with 13 deaths. Hurricane Kyrill, causes at least 44 deaths across 20 countries in Western Europe. (18th Jan 2007)
53rd Jeremy Thorpe became leader of the Liberal Party. (18th Jan 1967)
601st Hundred Years' War: Rouen surrenders to Henry V of England completing his reconquest of Normandy. (19th Jan 1419)
256th John Wilkes is expelled from the British House of Commons for seditious libel. (19th Jan 1764)
105th World War I: German zeppelins bomb the towns of Great Yarmouth and King's Lynn in the United Kingdom killing more than 20, in the first major aerial bombardment of a civilian target. (19th Jan 1915)
103rd Silvertown explosion: 73 are killed and 400 injured in an explosion in a munitions plant in London. (19th Jan 1917)
32nd Elizabeth Butler-Sloss becomes the first woman to be appointed a Lord Justice of Appeal. (19th Jan 1988)
6th The UK Independence Party suspends an Oxfordshire councillor who blamed the floods that hit the country earlier in the month on the government's decision to legalise same-sex marriage because it had angered God. (19th Jan 2014)
105th World War I: German zeppelins bomb the towns of Great Yarmouth and King's Lynn for the first time, killing more than twenty. (19th Jan 1915)
755th In Westminster, the first English parliament conducts its first meeting held by Simon de Montfort in the Palace of Westminster, now also known colloquially as the "Houses of Parliament". (20th Jan 1265)
664th Edward Balliol abdicates as King of Scotland. (20th Jan 1356)
371st Charles I of England goes on trial for treason and other "high crimes". (20th Jan 1649)
237th The Kingdom of Great Britain signs a peace treaty with France and Spain, officially ending hostilities in the American Revolutionary War (20th Jan 1783)
84th Edward VIII becomes King of the United Kingdom. (20th Jan 1936)
33rd Church of England envoy Terry Waite is kidnapped in Lebanon. (20th Jan 1987)
14th Witnesses report sightings of a Bottlenose whale swimming in the River Thames, the first time the species had been seen in the River Thames since records began in 1913. (20th Jan 2006)
77th Sandhurst Road School Disaster: a bomb kills 38 children and 6 teachers at a school in Catford, south-east London. (20th Jan 1943)
48th Unemployment exceeds million for the first time since the 1930s. (20th Jan 1972)
56th Eleven men go on trial at Buckinghamshire Assizes in Aylesbury charged in connection with the Great Train Robbery five months ago. (20th Jan 1964)
8th Press TV, an English language news channel owned by the Iranian Government is forced off air in the United Kingdom after Ofcom revokes its broadcasting licence for breaching the terms of the Communications Act. (20th Jan 2012)
49th The current Emley Moor transmitting station, the tallest free-standing structure in the United Kingdom, begins transmitting UHF broadcasts. (21st Jan 1971)
44th Commercial service of Concorde begins with the London-Bahrain and Paris-Rio routes. (21st Jan 1976)
76th Start of Operation Steinbock (the "Baby Blitz"), a nocturnal Luftwaffe bombing offensive chiefly targeted at the Greater London area. (continues until May) (21st Jan 1944)
86th Ten thousand people attend a British Union of Fascists rally in Birmingham, organised by Oswald Mosley. (21st Jan 1934)
4th An inquiry finds that the murder of British ex-Russian spy Alexander Litvinenko in 2006 in London was "probably" approved by Russian President Vladimir Putin. (21st Jan 2016)
4th 2017 Women's March: thousands of people march in London, Belfast, Cardiff, Lancaster, Leeds, Liverpool, Manchester, Shipley, Edinburgh and Bristol in protest at Donald Trump's inauguration as 45th President of the United States. (21st Jan 2016)
331st The Convention Parliament convenes to determine if James II, the last Roman Catholic king of England, had vacated the throne when he fled to France in 1688. (22nd Jan 1689)
249th Spain cedes Port Egmont in the Falkland Islands to the United Kingdom. (22nd Jan 1771)
119th Edward VII is proclaimed King after the death of his mother, Queen Victoria. (22nd Jan 1901)
96th Ramsay MacDonald becomes the first Labour Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. (22nd Jan 1924)
93rd First live radio commentary of a football match anywhere in the world, between Arsenal F.C. and Sheffield United at Highbury. (22nd Jan 1927)
48th Britain officially joins the European Economic Community. (22nd Jan 1972)
32nd Colin Pitchfork is sentenced to life imprisonment after admitting the rape and murder of two girls in Leicestershire in 1983 and 1986, the first conviction for murder in the UK based on DNA fingerprinting evidence. (22nd Jan 1988)
56th The Film "Zulu" is released. (22nd Jan 1964)
510th Henry VIII of England, then 18 years old, appears incognito in the lists at Richmond, and is applauded for his jousting before he reveals his identity. (23rd Jan 1510)
487th Anne Boleyn, second wife of Henry VIII of England, discovers herself pregnant. (23rd Jan 1533)
450th James Stewart, 1st Earl of Moray, regent for the infant King James VI of Scotland, is assassinated by firearm, the first recorded instance of such. (23rd Jan 1570)
449th The Royal Exchange opens in London. (23rd Jan 1571)
57th Double Agent Kim Philby disappears having defected to the Soviet Union. (23rd Jan 1963)
77th World War II: British forces capture Tripoli from the Nazis. (23rd Jan 1943)
11th The Office for National Statistics announced that the United Kingdom's economy is officially in recession for the first time since 1991. (23rd Jan 2009)
96th Margaret Bondfield becomes the first woman to be appointed a government minister. (23rd Jan 1924)
35th A debate in the House of Lords is televised for the first time. (23rd Jan 1985)
65th Sutton Coldfield rail crash: an express train takes a sharp curve too fast and derails at Sutton Coldfield railway station: 17 killed, 43 injured. (23rd Jan 1955)
53rd Milton Keynes, a village in north Buckinghamshire, was formally designated as a new town by the government. (23rd Jan 1967)
82nd York Castle Museum opened. (23rd Jan 1938)
341st King Charles II of England dissolves the Cavalier Parliament. (24th Jan 1679)
487th Henry VIII of England secretly marries his second wife Anne Boleyn. (24th Jan 1533)
55th Sir Winston Churchill dies aged 90 at Chartwell, his Kent home of more than 40 years. (24th Jan 1965)
8th UK government debt has risen above £1 trillion for the first time. (24th Jan 2012)
229th The British Parliament passes the Constitutional Act of 1791 and splits the old Province of Quebec into Upper and Lower Canada. (25th Jan 1791)
228th The London Corresponding Society is founded. (25th Jan 1792)
162nd The Wedding March by Felix Mendelssohn becomes a popular wedding recessional after it is played on this day at the marriage of Queen Victoria's daughter, Victoria, and Friedrich of Prussia. (25th Jan 1858)
30th The Burns' Day storm hits northwestern Europe. (25th Jan 1990)
12th The last deep coal mine in Wales, near Rhondda, closes. (25th Jan 2008)
17th London's Central Line underground train crashes into the tunnel wall at Chancery Lane tube station in London, injuring 34 people. (25th Jan 2003)
11th The Sunday Times published allegations that four Labour members of the House of Lords were willing to accept money to table amendments to legislation. (25th Jan 2009)
36th The government prohibits GCHQ staff from belonging to any trade union. (25th Jan 1984)
103rd Armed merchantman SS Laurentic is sunk by mines off Lough Swilly with the loss of 354 of the 475 aboard. (25th Jan 1917)
203rd The Scotsman is first published in Edinburgh as a liberal weekly newspaper by lawyer William Ritchie and customs official Charles Maclaren. (25th Jan 1817)
179th The United Kingdom formally occupies Hong Kong, which China later formally cedes. (26th Jan 1841)
13th The News of the World's royal editor Clive Goodman is jailed for four months having pleaded guilty to phone message interception charges. (26th Jan 2007)
38th Unemployment hits 3 million for the first time since the 1930s (26th Jan 1982)
78th World War II: First US troops for the European Theatre arrive in the UK, at Belfast. (26th Jan 1942)
88th British submarine HMS M2 sinks with all 50 hands. (26th Jan 1932)
132nd The Lawn Tennis Association is founded. (26th Jan 1888)
15th Closure of Ellington Colliery at Ellington, Northumberland, the last remaining operational deep coal mine in North East England, and the last in the UK to extract coal from under the sea. (26th Jan 2005)
103rd The sea defences at the village of Hallsands, Devon are breached, leading to all but one of the houses becoming uninhabitable. (26th Jan 1917)
414th Gunpowder Plot: The trial of Guy Fawkes and other conspirators begins, ending with their execution on January 31. (27th Jan 1606)
13th The final edition of Grandstand, the flagship BBC sports programme, is aired after nearly 50 years on television screens. (27th Jan 2007)
53rd The UK, Soviet Union, and USA sign the Outer Space Treaty. (27th Jan 1967)
473rd Henry VIII dies. His nine year old son, Edward VI becomes King, and the first Protestant ruler of England. (28th Jan 1547)
266th Horace Walpole coins the word serendipity in a letter to Horace Mann. (28th Jan 1754)
207th Pride and Prejudice is first published in the United Kingdom. (28th Jan 1813)
62nd The last episode of the British radio comedy programme Goon Show was broadcast. (28th Jan 1958)
32nd The last episode of the British TV series Yes, Prime Minister, entitled The Tangled Web, was broadcast. (28th Jan 1988)
7th Government plans to redraw constituency boundaries before the next general election are defeated in the House of Commons. (28th Jan 2013)
11th Hundreds of workers went on strike at the Lindsay Oil Refinery in Lincolnshire in protest at the hiring of foreign construction workers at the site, despite rising unemployment in the UK. (28th Jan 2009)
16th The Hutton Inquiry into the circumstances of the death of Dr. David Kelly is published. (28th Jan 2004)
16th The Hutton Inquiry into the circumstances of the death of Dr. David Kelly is published. (28th Jan 2004)
102nd night of unusually heavy bombing in London and south-east England. (28th Jan 1918)
164th Queen Victoria institutes the Victoria Cross. (29th Jan 1856)
78th Desert Island Discs first broadcast on the BBC Forces Programme, presented by Roy Plomley. Vic Oliver is the first castaway. (29th Jan 1942)
10th Former Prime Minister Tony Blair appeared at the Iraq Inquiry and was questioned in public for the first time about his decision to take the United Kingdom to war against Iraq. (29th Jan 2010)
4th The last Land Rover Defender rolls off the production line at Solihull, ending 68 years of production. (29th Jan 2016)
371st King Charles I of England is beheaded. (30th Jan 1649)
359th Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England is ritually executed two years after his death, on the anniversary of the execution of the monarch he himself deposed. (30th Jan 1661)
194th The Menai Suspension Bridge, considered the world's first modern suspension bridge, connecting the Isle of Anglesey to the north West coast of Wales, is opened. (30th Jan 1826)
162nd The first Hallé concert is given in Manchester, England, marking the official founding of the Hallé Orchestra as a full-time, professional orchestra. (30th Jan 1858)
118th The first Anglo-Japanese Alliance is signed in London. (30th Jan 1902)
107th The United Kingdom's House of Lords rejects the Irish Home Rule Bill. (30th Jan 1913)
51st The Beatles' last public performance, on the roof of Apple Records in London. The impromptu concert is broken up by the police. (30th Jan 1969)
48th Bloody Sunday: British Paratroopers kill fourteen unarmed civil rights/anti internment marchers in Northern Ireland. (30th Jan 1972)
24th Gino Gallagher, the suspected leader of the Irish National Liberation Army, is killed while waiting in line for his unemployment benefit. (30th Jan 1996)
17th Richard Colvin Reid, the so-called "shoe bomber", sentenced to life imprisonment by a United States court (30th Jan 2003)
6th Figures released by the Met Office indicate Southern England and parts of the Midlands have experienced their highest January rainfall since records began in 1910. (30th Jan 2014)
33rd The flotation of British Airways begins. (30th Jan 1987)
652nd Hundred Years' War: barons in English-controlled territory in France object to new taxes, and appeal to King Charles V of France. (30th Jan 1368)
414th Gunpowder Plot: Guy Fawkes is executed for his plotting against Parliament and James I of England. (31st Jan 1606)
273rd The first venereal diseases clinic opens at London Lock Hospital. (31st Jan 1747)
171st Corn Laws are abolished in the United Kingdom (following legislation in 1846). (31st Jan 1849)
102nd A series of accidental collisions on a misty Scottish night leads to the loss of two Royal Navy submarines with over a hundred lives, and damage to another five British warships. (31st Jan 1918)
101st The Battle of George Square takes place in Glasgow, Scotland. (31st Jan 1919)
19th In the Netherlands, a Scottish court convicts Libyan Abdelbaset al-Megrahi and acquits another Libyan citizen for their part in the bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland in 1988. (31st Jan 2001)
13th Suspects are arrested in Birmingham in the UK, accused of plotting the kidnap, holding and eventual beheading of a serving Muslim British soldier in Iraq. (31st Jan 2007)
8th Former Royal Bank of Scotland CEO Fred Goodwin loses his knighthood as a result of the near collapse of the bank in 2008. (31st Jan 2012)
37th Seatbelt use for drivers and front seat passengers becomes mandatory, 11 years after becoming compulsory equipment. (31st Jan 1983)
67th The North Sea flood of 1953 kills hundreds of people on the east coast of Britain. (31st Jan 1953)
105th Warwick Avenue station on the London Underground Bakerloo Line opens. (31st Jan 1915)
105th Kilburn Park station on the London Underground Bakerloo Line opens. (31st Jan 1915)
12th Four men were jailed for 15 years each for their part in the 2006 Securitas raid, the UK's biggest cash robbery. (31st Jan 2008)
102nd "Battle of May Island": in a confused series of collisions as a large Royal Navy fleet steams down the Firth of Forth this evening, submarines HMS K4 and HMS K17 are sunk, three other submarines and a light cruiser are damaged and 104 men are killed. (31st Jan 1918)



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