List of Historical Anniversaries

I often wonder what significant anniversaries are due at some point in the future as some of them might be of interest as triggers for blog posts or visits somewhere. However, it is often difficult to find out quickly what events have significant anniversaries - hence this section on the website.

By "significant anniversaries", I mean dates that are not, for example, the 73rd anniversary of something, but the 50th, 100th, 200th etc.

It should help to flag up interesting events.

Anniversaries during October 2021

Note: This page lists ALL anniversaries, not just the key dates.
For that more useful list, click here.

1062nd Edgar the Peaceable becomes king of all England. (1st Oct 0959)
468th Coronation of Queen Mary I of England (1st Oct 1553)
178th The News of the World tabloid begins publication in London. (1st Oct 1843)
103rd World War I: Arab forces under T. E. Lawrence (a/k/a "Lawrence of Arabia") capture Damascus. (1st Oct 1918)
75th Mensa International is founded in the United Kingdom. (1st Oct 1946)
52nd Concorde breaks the sound barrier for the first time. (1st Oct 1969)
50th The first brain-scan using x-ray computed tomography (CT or CAT scan) is performed at Atkinson Morley Hospital in Wimbledon, London. (1st Oct 1971)
83rd Pioneering photojournalism magazine, Picture Post is first published. (1st Oct 1938)
183rd First Anglo-Afghan War begins when Lord Auckland, Governor-General of India, issues a manifesto from Simla giving Britain's reasons for intervening in Afghanistan. (1st Oct 1838)
6th New consumer protections come into force under the Consumer Rights Act, guaranteeing a full refund for faulty goods up to thirty days after purchase. (1st Oct 2015)
9th Automatic enrolment to workplace pension schemes commences. (1st Oct 2012)
405th King James's School, Knaresborough, North Yorkshire, is founded by Dr. Robert Chaloner. (1st Oct 1616)
405th Ben Jonson's satirical five-act comedy The Devil is an Ass is produced at the Blackfriars Theatre by the King's Men, poking fun at credence in witchcraft and Middlesex juries. (1st Oct 1616)
63rd the sovereignty of Christmas Island is transferred from the United Kingdom to Australia. (1st Oct 1958)
83rd first Kindertransport from Berlin to London Liverpool Street station via Harwich. (1st Oct 1938)
2nd Torrential rain brings flooding to many parts of Great Britain with dozens of warnings issued by the Environment Agency. Some areas in the Midlands, Wales and southern England are hit by a week's rain in just one hour. (1st Oct 2019)
19th The main provisions of National Health Service Reform and Health Care Professions Act (of 25 June) come into force in England, including renaming and merger of existing NHS regional health authorities to form 28 new strategic health authorities, and introduction of primary care trusts to be responsible for the supervision of family health care functions. (1st Oct 2002)
12th The Supreme Court of the United Kingdom officially opens, taking over various powers, including those of the Law Lords. (1st Oct 2009)
758th The battle of Largs is fought between Norwegians and Scots. (2nd Oct 1263)
96th John Logie Baird performs the first test of a working television system. (2nd Oct 1925)
738th Dafydd ap Gruffydd, prince of Gwynedd in Wales, becomes the first person executed by being hanged, drawn and quartered. (2nd Oct 1283)
89th Iraq gains independence from the United Kingdom. (2nd Oct 1932)
69th The United Kingdom successfully tests a nuclear weapon. (2nd Oct 1952)
3rd The government announces that heterosexual couples in England and Wales will be given the right to enter into civil partnerships rather than marriage. (2nd Oct 2018)
4th Monarch Airlines, the UK's fifth biggest airline, is placed into administration. (2nd Oct 2017)
76th Piccadilly Circus tube station becomes the first to be lit by fluorescent light. (2nd Oct 1945)
96th John Logie Baird successfully transmits the first television pictures with a greyscale image. (2nd Oct 1925)
96th London's first double-decker buses with covered top decks are introduced. (2nd Oct 1925)
53rd a woman from Birmingham gives birth to the first recorded instance of live Sextuplets in the UK. (2nd Oct 1968)
16th The first parkrun, described as the Bushy Park Time Trial, takes place in Bushy Park, London. (2nd Oct 2005)
243rd British Captain James Cook anchors in Alaska. (3rd Oct 1778)
4th Following a spate of acid attacks, the government announces that sales of acids to under 18s will be banned. (3rd Oct 2017)
178th the statue of Nelson placed atop Nelson's Column in Trafalgar Square, London. (3rd Oct 1843)
503rd Cardinal Wolsey's Treaty of London is signed by France, England, the Holy Roman Empire, the Papacy, Spain, Burgundy and the Netherlands allying the European powers against the Ottoman Empire. (3rd Oct 1518)
13th Peter Mandelson returns to the Westminster cabinet as Secretary of State for Business, Enterprise and Regulatory Reform as part of a reshuffle following Ruth Kelly's resignation. (3rd Oct 2008)
486th The first complete English-language Bible (the Coverdale Bible) is printed, with translations by William Tyndale and Miles Coverdale. (4th Oct 1535)
138th First meeting of the Boys' Brigade in Glasgow, Scotland. (4th Oct 1883)
55th Basutoland becomes independent from the United Kingdom and is renamed Lesotho. (4th Oct 1966)
45th Official launch of the Intercity 125 High Speed Train (HST). (4th Oct 1976)
85th Battle of Cable Street between Oswald Mosley's British Union of Fascists and anti-fascist demonstrators. (4th Oct 1936)
63rd BOAC uses new Comet jets to become the first airline to fly jet passenger services across the Atlantic. (4th Oct 1958)
126th The first individual time trial for racing cyclists is held on a 50-mile course north of London. (5th Oct 1895)
91st British Airship R101 crashes in France en-route to India on its maiden voyage. (5th Oct 1930)
85th The Jarrow March sets off for London. (5th Oct 1936)
53rd Police baton civil rights demonstrators in Derry, Northern Ireland - considered to mark the beginning of The Troubles. (5th Oct 1968)
52nd The first episode of Monty Python's Flying Circus airs on BBC. (5th Oct 1969)
47th Guildford pub bombings: bombs planted by the Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) kill four British soldiers and one civilian. (5th Oct 1974)
10th The world's largest solar bridge project got underway in London. (5th Oct 2011)
2nd Lucia Lucas becomes the first transgender singer to perform with the English National Opera in London. (5th Oct 2019)
167th The Great fire of Newcastle and Gateshead starts shortly after midnight, leading to 53 deaths and hundreds injured. (6th Oct 1854)
306th First of the major Jacobite Rebellions in Scotland against the rule of King George I. (6th Oct 1715)
2nd Flights repatriating the final 4,800 Thomas Cook holidaymakers stranded abroad following the company's collapse take off, bringing to an end Operation Mattetrhorn, the largest peacetime repatriation operation that has seen more than 150,000 people brought back to the UK. (6th Oct 2019)
258th King George III issues British Royal Proclamation of 1763, closing aboriginal lands in North America north and west of Alleghenies to white settlements. (7th Oct 1763)
20th The United States of America's Armed-forces invade Afghanistan. Submarines of the British Royal Navy participate using Tomahawk cruise missiles. (7th Oct 2001)
17th British hostage Ken Bigley, of Liverpool, is beheaded by militants in Iraq. (7th Oct 2004)
821st Isabella of Angoulême is crowned Queen consort of England. (8th Oct 1200)
215th Forces of the British Empire lay siege to the port of Boulogne in France by using Congreve rockets, invented by Sir William Congreve. (8th Oct 1806)
192nd Stephenson's The Rocket wins The Rainhill Trials. (8th Oct 1829)
69th The Harrow and Wealdstone rail crash kills 112 people. (8th Oct 1952)
48th London Broadcasting Company, Britain's first legal commercial Independent Local Radio station, begins broadcasting. (8th Oct 1973)
8th British physicist Peter Higgs is awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for his theory of the Higgs boson. (8th Oct 2013)
56th The Post Office Tower opens in London. (8th Oct 1965)
9th Scientists warn of the dangers of using liquid nitrogen in drinks after an 18-year-old woman in Lancaster requires emergency surgery after consuming a cocktail containing the substance. (8th Oct 2012)
2nd Parliament is prorogued until 14 October. (8th Oct 2019)
13th The government announced a bank rescue package worth some ?500 billion as a response to the ongoing financial crisis. (8th Oct 2008)
507th Marriage of Louis XII of France and Mary Tudor. (9th Oct 1514)
81st During a night-time air raid by the German Luftwaffe, St. Paul's Cathedral in the City of London, England is hit by a bomb. (9th Oct 1940)
79th Statute of Westminster 1931 formalises Australian autonomy. (9th Oct 1942)
46th An IRA bomb explosion outside Green Park tube station near Piccadilly in London killed one and injured 20. (9th Oct 1975)
17th Scottish Parliament Building in Edinburgh, designed by Enric Miralles, is opened. (9th Oct 2004)
15th Opening of the Beetham Tower, Manchester, a landmark 168-metre 47-storey skyscraper with oversailing upper floors designed by Ian Simpson of SimpsonHaugh and Partners, the tallest building in the UK outside London, and with its penthouse apartments (above the Hilton Hotel) being the highest residential addresses in the country. (9th Oct 2006)
441st After a three-day siege, the English Army beheads over 600 Irish and Papal soldiers and civilians at Dún an Óir, Ireland. (10th Oct 1580)
64th The Windscale fire in Cumbria, U.K. is the world's first major nuclear accident. (10th Oct 1957)
50th Sold, dismantled and moved to the United States, London Bridge reopens in Lake Havasu City, Arizona. (10th Oct 1971)
58th Prime Minister Harold Macmillan announces his resignation on the grounds of ill health. (10th Oct 1963)
98th First BBC broadcast from Aberdeen - followed by Bournemouth on the 17th. (10th Oct 1923)
93rd Tyne Bridge opens, connecting Newcastle upon Tyne and Gateshead. (10th Oct 1928)
372nd Sack of Wexford: After a ten-day siege, English New Model Army troops (under Oliver Cromwell) stormed the town of Wexford, killing over 2,000 Irish Confederate troops and 1,500 civilians. (11th Oct 1649)
294th George II and Caroline of Ansbach are crowned King and Queen of Great Britain. (11th Oct 1727)
224th Battle of Camperdown: Naval battle between Royal Navy and Royal Netherlands Navy during the French Revolutionary Wars. The outcome of the battle was a decisive British victory. (11th Oct 1797)
122nd Second Boer War begins: In South Africa, a war between the United Kingdom and the Boers of the Transvaal and Orange Free State erupts. (11th Oct 1899)
9th Heavy rain in the United Kingdom causes flash flooding in the coastal village of Clovelly, Devon, damaging homes and pulling up cobbles in the street. (11th Oct 2012)
63rd first broadcast of the long-running BBC Television sports programme Grandstand. (11th Oct 1958)
805th King John of England loses his crown jewels in The Wash, probably near Fosdyke, perhaps near Sutton Bridge (12th Oct 1216)
198th Charles Macintosh, of Scotland, sells the first raincoat. (12th Oct 1823)
106th British nurse Edith Cavell is executed by a German firing squad for helping Allied soldiers escape from Belgium (12th Oct 1915)
42nd The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy, the first of five books in the Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy comedy science fiction series by Douglas Adams is published. (12th Oct 1979)
3rd The Wedding of Princess Eugenie and Jack Brooksbank takes place at the St George's Chapel at Windsor Castle. (12th Oct 2018)
9th The UK's largest independent investigation into police wrongdoing will be conducted following damning reports into the 1989 Hillsborough disaster. (12th Oct 2012)
106th British nurse Edith Cavell is executed by a German firing squad for helping Allied soldiers escape from Belgium. (12th Oct 1915)
12th The Evening Standard becomes a free newspaper in central London. (12th Oct 2009)
137th Greenwich, in London, England, is established as Universal Time meridian of longitude. (13th Oct 1884)
3rd Storm Callum: Parts of Wales experience their worst flooding in 30 years. (13th Oct 2018)
10th BP was given the go-ahead to proceed with a new ?4.5 billion oil project west of the Shetland Islands. (13th Oct 2011)
53rd the rebuilt Euston railway station opens. (13th Oct 1968)
128th the first students enter St Hilda's College, Oxford, founded for women by Dorothea Beale. (13th Oct 1893)
955th Battle of Hastings - In England on Senlac Hill, seven miles from Hastings, the Norman forces of William the Conqueror defeat the English army and kill King Harold II of England. (14th Oct 1066)
699th Robert the Bruce of Scotland defeats King Edward II of England at Byland, forcing Edward to accept Scotland's independence. (14th Oct 1322)
435th Mary, Queen of Scots, goes on trial for conspiracy against Elizabeth I of England. (14th Oct 1586)
248th Just before the beginning of the American Revolutionary War, several of the British East India Company's tea ships are set ablaze at the old seaport of Annapolis, Maryland. (14th Oct 1773)
209th Work on London's Regent's Canal starts. (14th Oct 1812)
178th The British arrest the Irish nationalist Daniel O'Connell for conspiracy to commit crimes. (14th Oct 1843)
111th The English aviator Claude Grahame-White lands his Farman Aircraft biplane on Executive Avenue near the White House in Washington, D.C. (14th Oct 1910)
108th Senghenydd Colliery Disaster, the United Kingdom's worst coal mining accident, occurs, and it claims the lives of 439 miners. (14th Oct 1913)
95th The children's book Winnie-the-Pooh, by A. A. Milne, is first published. (14th Oct 1926)
82nd The German submarine U-47 sinks the British battleship HMS Royal Oak within her harbour at Scapa Flow, Scotland. (14th Oct 1939)
81st Balham subway station disaster, in London, England, occurs during the Nazi Luftwaffe air raids on Great Britain. (14th Oct 1940)
64th Queen Elizabeth II becomes the first Canadian Monarch to open up an annual session of the Canadian Parliament, presenting her Speech from the Throne in Ottawa, Canada (14th Oct 1957)
52nd The UK introduces the British fifty-pence coin, which replaces, over the following years, the British ten-shilling note, in anticipation of the decimalization of the British currency in 1971, and the abolition of the shilling as a unit of currency anywhere in the world. (14th Oct 1969)
133rd The first recorded film, Roundhay Garden Scene, is made in Roundhay in Leeds. The film is two seconds and 18 frames in length. (14th Oct 1888)
19th The Northern Ireland Assembly is suspended following allegations of spying in "Stormontgate". (14th Oct 2002)
68th British nuclear test Totem 1 detonated at Emu Field, South Australia. (15th Oct 1953)
8th Charles Taylor arrives in the UK to serve the remainder of his 50-year prison sentence, the first head of state to be convicted of war crimes since World War II. (15th Oct 2013)
65th The RAF retires its last Lancaster bomber (15th Oct 1956)
187th Much of the ancient structure of the Palace of Westminster in London is burnt to the ground. (16th Oct 1834)
152nd Girton College, Cambridge is founded, becoming England's first residential college for women. (16th Oct 1869)
82nd World War II: First attack on British territory by the German Luftwaffe. (16th Oct 1939)
3rd Pepper becomes the first robot to appear at a UK parliamentary meeting, talking to MPs about the future of artificial intelligence in education. (16th Oct 2018)
48th The Wicker Man was first shown in cinemas, as a b-movie double with "Don't Look Now", a controversially sexual film. One would become a cult classic, the other forgotten. (16th Oct 1973)
108th HMS Queen Elizabeth launched at Portsmouth Dockyard as the Royal Navy's first oil-fired battleship. (16th Oct 1913)
930th London Tornado of 1091: A tornado thought to be of strength T8/F4 strikes the heart of London. (17th Oct 1091)
675th Battle of Neville's Cross: King David II of Scotland is captured by Edward III of England near Durham, and imprisoned in the Tower of London for eleven years. (17th Oct 1346)
361st Nine Regicides, the men who signed the death warrant of Charles I, are hanged, drawn and quartered. (17th Oct 1660)
359th Charles II of England sells Dunkirk to France for 40,000 pounds. (17th Oct 1662)
207th London Beer Flood occurs in London, killing nine. (17th Oct 1814)
161st First The Open Championship (referred to in North America as the British Open). (17th Oct 1860)
104th First British bombing of Germany in World War I. (17th Oct 1917)
65th The first commercial nuclear power station is officially opened by Queen Elizabeth II in Sellafield,in Cumbria, England. (17th Oct 1956)
1005th The Danes defeat the Saxons in the Battle of Ashingdon. (18th Oct 1016)
170th Herman Melville's Moby-Dick is first published as The Whale by Richard Bentley of London. (18th Oct 1851)
99th The BBC is founded by a consortium, to establish a nationwide network of radio transmitters to provide a national broadcasting service. (18th Oct 1922)
3rd A case of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (so-called "mad cow disease") is confirmed on a farm in Aberdeenshire, the first of its kind in Scotland for 10 years. (18th Oct 2018)
53rd National Giro opens for business through the General Post Office, (18th Oct 1968)
2nd Sainsbury's becomes the first major supermarket to stop selling fireworks at its 2,300 stores across the UK. (18th Oct 2019)
16th The landmark Spinnaker Tower in Portsmouth opens. At 170 metres (560?ft) it is the tallest accessible structure in the UK outside London. (18th Oct 2005)
13th An episode of The Russell Brand Show aired, featuring a series of prank phone calls to the actor Andrew Sachs by comedians Russell Brand and Jonathan Ross, leading to a media row. (18th Oct 2008)
805th King John of England dies at Newark-on-Trent and is succeeded by his nine-year-old son Henry. (19th Oct 1216)
568th The French recapture of Bordeaux brings the Hundred Years' War to a close, with the English retaining only Calais on French soil. (19th Oct 1453)
372nd New Ross town, Co. Wexford, Ireland, surrenders to Oliver Cromwell. (19th Oct 1649)
240th At Yorktown, Virginia, representatives of British commander Lord Cornwallis handed over Cornwallis' sword and formally surrendered to George Washington and the comte de Rochambeau. (19th Oct 1781)
6th Chinese President Xi Jinping arrives at Heathrow Airport for his first state visit to the UK. (19th Oct 2015)
9th Scotland Yard launches a "formal criminal investigation" into Jimmy Savile, after 200 potential sexual abuse victims come forward. (19th Oct 2012)
2nd Another People's Vote march is held through London, matching the size of the previous one on 23 March 2019, in which hundreds of thousands attended. (19th Oct 2019)
203rd The Convention of 1818 signed between the United States and the United Kingdom which, among other things, settled the Canada - United States border on the 49th parallel for most of its length. (20th Oct 1818)
111th The hull of the RMS Olympic, sister-ship to the ill-fated RMS Titanic, is launched from the Harland and Wolff shipyard in Belfast, Northern Ireland. (20th Oct 1910)
48th The Dalai Lama made his first visit to the UK. (20th Oct 1973)
8th About 100 homes are damaged when a "tornado" hits Hayling Island in Hampshire. (20th Oct 2013)
106th First women recruited as bus and tram conductors. (20th Oct 1915)
73rd KLM Constellation air disaster: a KLM Lockheed Constellation airliner crashes (20th Oct 1948)
216th Battle of Trafalgar: A British fleet led by Vice Admiral Lord Nelson defeats a combined French and Spanish fleet off the coast of Spain under Admiral Villeneuve. It signals almost the end of French maritime power and leaves Britain's navy unchallenged until the 20th century. (21st Oct 1805)
197th Joseph Aspdin patents Portland cement. (21st Oct 1824)
167th Florence Nightingale and a staff of 38 nurses are sent to the Crimean War. (21st Oct 1854)
55th Aberfan disaster: A slag heap collapses on the village of Aberfan in Wales, killing 144 people, mostly schoolchildren. (21st Oct 1966)
208th Nelson Monument, Liverpool unveiled. (21st Oct 1813)
8th The government approves Hinkley Point C, the first nuclear plant to be constructed in the UK since 1995. It will be completed in 2023 and remain operational for 60 years, supplying about 7% of the country's electricity. (21st Oct 2013)
10th London's St Paul's Cathedral was forced to close its doors to visitors for the first time since the Second World War after Occupy London protesters set up camp on its doorstep. (21st Oct 2011)
83rd Apostolic Delegation to Great Britain appointed. (21st Oct 1938)
314th Scilly naval disaster: four British Royal Navy ships run aground near the Isles of Scilly because of faulty navigation. Admiral Sir Cloudesley Shovell and thousands of sailors drown. (22nd Oct 1707)
144th The Blantyre mining disaster in Scotland kills 207 miners. (22nd Oct 1877)
143rd The first rugby match under floodlights takes place in Salford, between Broughton and Swinton. (22nd Oct 1878)
111th Dr. Crippen is convicted at the Old Bailey of poisoning his wife and is subsequently hanged at Pentonville Prison in London. (22nd Oct 1910)
58th A BAC One-Eleven prototype airliner crashes in UK with the loss of all on board. (22nd Oct 1963)
9th Surgeons have carried out the first ever robotic open-heart operations in Britain at the New Cross Hospital in Wolverhampton. (22nd Oct 2012)
55th British spy George Blake escapes from Wormwood Scrubs prison; he is next seen in Moscow. (22nd Oct 1966)
45th The Damned release New Rose, the first ever single marketed as "punk rock". (22nd Oct 1976)
726th The first treaty forming the Auld Alliance between Scotland and France against England is signed in Paris. (23rd Oct 1295)
380th Outbreak of the Irish Rebellion of 1641. (23rd Oct 1641)
379th Battle of Edgehill: First major battle of the First English Civil War. (23rd Oct 1642)
314th The first Parliament of Great Britain meets. (23rd Oct 1707)
282nd War of Jenkins' Ear starts: British Prime Minister, Robert Walpole, reluctantly declares war on Spain. (23rd Oct 1739)
9th James Bond film Skyfall premi?res at the Royal Albert Hall in London. (23rd Oct 2012)
43rd the government announces plans for a new single exam to replace O Levels and CSEs. (23rd Oct 1978)
2nd The bodies of 38 adults and a teenager are found in a lorry container in Essex. A 25-year-old man from Northern Ireland is arrested on suspicion of murder. (23rd Oct 2019)
20th Provisional Irish Republican Army announces that it has begun to decommission its weapons. (23rd Oct 2001)
164th Sheffield F.C., the world's first football club, is founded in Sheffield, England. (24th Oct 1857)
60th The first official modern day Prime Minister's Question Time takes place in the House of Commons (24th Oct 1961)
9th The last analogue television broadcasts are made in the United Kingdom, in Northern Ireland, as the country completes its transfer to digital television. (24th Oct 2012)
65th Protocol of Sčvres, a secret agreement between the UK, France and Israel allowing the latter to invade Sinai with the support of the two former governments. Eden subsequently denies existence of an agreement. (24th Oct 1956)
18th Supersonic aircraft Concorde makes its final commercial flights after twenty-seven years. (24th Oct 2003)
874th The Portuguese, under Afonso I, and Crusaders from England and Flanders conquer Lisbon after a four-month siege. (25th Oct 1147)
606th The army of Henry V of England defeats the French at the Battle of Agincourt. (25th Oct 1415)
274th British fleet under Admiral Sir Edward Hawke defeats the French at the second battle of Cape Finisterre. (25th Oct 1747)
209th War of 1812: The American heavy frigate, USS United States, commanded by Stephen Decatur, captures the British frigate HMS Macedonian. (25th Oct 1812)
193rd The St Katharine Docks opened in London. (25th Oct 1828)
121st The United Kingdom annexes the Transvaal. (25th Oct 1900)
101st After 74 days on Hunger Strike in Brixton Prison, England, the Sinn Féin Lord Mayor of Cork, Terence MacSwiney died. (25th Oct 1920)
97th The forged Zinoviev Letter is published in the Daily Mail, wrecking the British Labour Party's hopes of re-election. (25th Oct 1924)
381st The Treaty of Ripon is signed, restoring peace between Scotland and Charles I of England. (25th Oct 1640)
3rd Gavin Williamson announces that women who serve in the Army are now able to transfer into infantry roles, including the special forces, such as the SAS. (25th Oct 2018)
45th Opening of the Royal National Theatre on the South Bank in London, in premises designed by Sir Denys Lasdun. (25th Oct 1976)
43rd a ceremony marks the completion of Liverpool Cathedral, for which the foundation stone was laid in 1904. (25th Oct 1978)
63rd the Short SC.1 experimental VTOL aircraft makes its first free vertical flight. (25th Oct 1958)
261st George III becomes King of Great Britain. (26th Oct 1760)
246th King George III goes before Parliament to declare the American colonies in rebellion, and authorized a military response to quell the American Revolution. (26th Oct 1775)
162nd The Royal Charter is wrecked on the coast of Anglesey, north Wales with 459 dead. (26th Oct 1859)
4th Women in Scotland are to be allowed to take abortion pills at home, bringing the country into line with others such as Sweden and France. (26th Oct 2017)
158th The Football Association is founded at the Freemasons' Tavern in Long Acre, London. (26th Oct 1863)
11th Independent Print Limited launches i, the first national daily newspaper for a quarter of a century. The 20p paper is aimed at "readers and lapsed readers of quality newspapers". (26th Oct 2010)
103rd Cecil Chubb donates Stonehenge to the nation. (26th Oct 1918)
17th Selby Coalfield production ceases. (26th Oct 2004)
15th The Duke of Edinburgh officially opens Arsenal's new stadium. (26th Oct 2006)
1082nd Edmund I succeeds Athelstan as King of England. (27th Oct 0939)
377th Second Battle of Newbury in the English Civil War. (27th Oct 1644)
85th Mrs Wallis Simpson files for divorce which would eventually allow her to marry King Edward VIII of the United Kingdom, thus forcing his abdication from the throne. (27th Oct 1936)
68th British nuclear test Totem 2 is carried out at Emu Field, South Australia. (27th Oct 1953)
7th Plans are unveiled by the Met Office for a ?97m supercomputer to study weather and climate. Using 13 times more processing power than previous systems, it will perform 16,000 trillion calculations per second. (27th Oct 2014)
43rd four people die and four others are wounded in a shooting spree which began in a residential street in West Bromwich and ends at a petrol station some 20 miles away in Nuneaton. (27th Oct 1978)
53rd police and protestors clash at an anti-Vietnam War protest outside the Embassy of the United States in London. (27th Oct 1968)
103rd Spanish Flu outbreak in London - leads to 2,200 deaths (27th Oct 1918)
50th Britain launches its first satellite, Prospero, into low Earth orbit atop a Black Arrow carrier rocket. (28th Oct 1971)
128th the Royal Navy's first destroyer, HMS Havock, undergoes sea trials. (28th Oct 1893)
63rd the State Opening of Parliament is broadcast on television for the first time. (28th Oct 1958)
403rd Sir Walter Raleigh is beheaded for allegedly conspiring against James I of England. (29th Oct 1618)
79th In the United Kingdom, leading clergymen and political figures hold a public meeting to register outrage over Nazi Germany's persecution of Jews. (29th Oct 1942)
54th London criminal Jack McVitie is murdered by the Kray twins, leading to their eventual imprisonment and downfall. (29th Oct 1967)
45th Opening of Selby Coalfield. (29th Oct 1976)
83rd City Hall, Norwich, designed in the Art Deco style by C. H. James and S. R. Pierce, is opened. (29th Oct 1938)
551st Henry VI of England returns to the English throne after Earl of Warwick defeats the Yorkists in battle. (30th Oct 1470)
536th King Henry VII of England is crowned. (30th Oct 1485)
96th John Logie Baird creates Britain's first television transmitter. (30th Oct 1925)
79th Lt. Tony Fasson, Able Seaman Colin Grazier and canteen assistant Tommy Brown from HMS Petard board U-559, retrieving material which would lead to the decryption of the German Enigma code. (30th Oct 1942)
61st Michael Woodruff performs the first successful kidney transplant in the United Kingdom at the Edinburgh Royal Infirmary. (30th Oct 1960)
6th Shaker Aamer, the last British resident to be held in Guantanamo Bay, lands in the UK, having been detained for thirteen years. (30th Oct 2015)
8th The Privy Council grants a Royal Charter on press regulations after the newspaper industry loses a last minute legal bid to seek an injunction against the plans. (30th Oct 2013)
9th Britain's first 4G mobile network is launched, offering high-speed mobile data services in eleven major cities. (30th Oct 2012)
15th The Stern Review on the Economics of Climate Change is published by the UK government. (30th Oct 2006)
81st The Battle of Britain ends - the United Kingdom prevents a possible German invasion. (31st Oct 1940)
80th A fire in a clothing factory in Huddersfield, England kills 49 (31st Oct 1941)
65th The United Kingdom and France begin bombing Egypt to force the reopening of the Suez Canal. (31st Oct 1956)
48th Three Provisional Irish Republican Army members escape from Mountjoy Prison, Dublin, Republic of Ireland aboard a hijacked helicopter that lands in the exercise yard. (31st Oct 1973)
85th Elizabeth Cowell becomes the first female British television presenter, after making a broadcast from Alexandra Palace. (31st Oct 1936)
755th Second Barons' War: The war winds down as supporters of the slain rebel leader Simon de Montfort make an offer of peace to the king in the Dictum of Kenilworth. (31st Oct 1266)


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