I often wonder what significant anniversaries are due at some point in the future as some of them might be of interest as triggers for blog posts or visits somewhere. However, it is often difficult to find out quickly what events have significant anniversaries - hence this section on the website.

By "significant anniversaries", I mean dates that are not, for example, the 73rd anniversary of something, but the 50th, 100th, 200th etc.

It should help to flag up interesting events.

Anniversaries during January 2017

Note: This page lists ALL anniversaries, not just the key dates.
For that more useful list, click here.

AnniversaryDetails
417th Scotland begins its numbered year on January 1 instead of March 25. (1st Jan 1600)
366th Charles II is crowned King of Scotland. (1st Jan 1651)
245th The first traveler's cheques, which can be used in 90 European cities, go on sale in London. (1st Jan 1772)
229th First edition of The Times of London, previously The Daily Universal Register, is published. (1st Jan 1788)
216th The legislative union of Kingdom of Great Britain and Kingdom of Ireland is completed to form the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. (1st Jan 1801)
184th The United Kingdom claims sovereignty over the Falkland Islands. (1st Jan 1833)
140th Queen Victoria is proclaimed Empress of India. (1st Jan 1877)
123rd The Manchester Ship Canal, England, is officially opened to traffic. (1st Jan 1894)
116th Nigeria becomes a British protectorate. (1st Jan 1901)
107th Captain David Beatty is promoted to Rear Admiral, and becomes the youngest admiral in the Royal Navy (except for Royal family members), since Horatio Nelson. (1st Jan 1910)
94th Britain's Railways are grouped into the Big Four: LNER, GWR, SR, and LMS. (1st Jan 1923)
80th Safety glass in vehicle windscreens becomes mandatory in Great Britain. (1st Jan 1937)
69th The British railway network is nationalised to form British Railways. (1st Jan 1948)
60th An Irish Republican Army (IRA) unit attacks Brookeborough RUC barracks in one of the most famous incidents of the IRA's Operation Harvest. (1st Jan 1957)
44th The UK is admitted into the European Community. (1st Jan 1973)
32nd The first British mobile phone call is made by Ernie Wise to Vodafone. (1st Jan 1985)
75th An underground explosion at Sneyd Colliery in the North Staffordshire Coalfield kills 55. (1st Jan 1942)
255th At some point in January, the "Cock Lane ghost" appeared in London. (1st Jan 1762)
74th Post-war austerity "Utility furniture" goes on sale for the first time. (1st Jan 1943)
84th The London Underground map designed by Harry Beck is introduced to the public for the first time. (occurred at an unknown date in January) (1st Jan 1933)
104th The British Board of Film Censors receives the authority to classify and censor films. (1st Jan 1913)
43rd New Year's Day was celebrated as a public holiday for the first time. (1st Jan 1974)
93rd The Met Office issues its first broadcast Shipping Forecast, at this time called Weather Shipping. (1st Jan 1924)
702nd The Great Famine of 1315 - 1317 (1st Jan 1315)
52nd Introduction of new "Worboys Committee" road signs. (1st Jan 1965)
62nd The U.K's first atomic bomber unit, No. 138 Squadron RAF, is formed, flying Vickers Valiants from RAF Gaydon in Warwickshire. (1st Jan 1955)
102nd World War I: Sinking of the battleship HMS Formidable, off Lyme Regis, Dorset, by an Imperial German Navy U-boat. 35 officers and 512 men are killed. (1st Jan 1915)
40th The United Kingdom holds the Presidency of the Council of the European Union for the first time. (1st Jan 1977)
50th The London-set film Blowup is released in the UK. (1st Jan 1967)
70th The government nationalises the coal industry in the UK and Cable & Wireless. (1st Jan 1947)
90th The British Broadcasting Company becomes the British Broadcasting Corporation, when it is granted a Royal Charter. Sir John Reith becomes the first Director-General. (1st Jan 1927)
300th Count Carl Gyllenborg, the Swedish ambassador, is arrested in London over a plot to assist the Pretender James Francis Edward Stuart. (1st Jan 1717)
400th Pocahontas received at court; she dies two months later at Gravesend. (1st Jan 1617)
199th The British Institution of Civil Engineers is founded (2nd Jan 1818)
106th A gun battle in the East End of London left two dead and sparked a political row over the involvement of then-Home Secretary Winston Churchill (2nd Jan 1911)
76th World War II: German bombing severely damages the Llandaff Cathedral in Cardiff, Wales (2nd Jan 1941)
35th The Welsh Army of Workers claims responsibility for a bomb explosion at the Birmingham headquarters of Severn Trent Water. (2nd Jan 1982)
55th The BBC broadcasts the first episode of Z-Cars. (2nd Jan 1962)
30th Golliwogs are banned from Enid Blyton books by their publisher and replaced by politically correct gnomes following complaints that golliwogs were offensive to black people. (2nd Jan 1987)
50th Actor Charlie Chaplin opened his last film, A Countess From Hong Kong, in England. (2nd Jan 1967)
70th British coins cease to include any silver content. (2nd Jan 1947)
450th Parliament dissolved as Queen Elizabeth refuses to name a successor. (2nd Jan 1567)
202nd Austria, the United Kingdom, and France form a secret defensive alliance treaty against Prussia and Russia. (3rd Jan 1815)
5th After a trial based on new forensic evidence, Gary Dobson and David Norris are convicted of the racist murder of black London teenager Stephen Lawrence, who was killed in April 1993. (3rd Jan 2012)
13th The BBC cancels the appearance of Coca Cola sponsorship credits in the music charts in its BBC One Top of the Pops show, after criticism from politicians and health campaigners. (3rd Jan 2004)
33rd The FTSE 100 Index starts. (3rd Jan 1984)
1146th Battle of Reading: Ethelred of Wessex fights, and is defeated by, a Danish invasion army. (4th Jan 0871)
375th King Charles I of England sends soldiers to arrest members of Parliament, commencing England's slide into civil war. (4th Jan 1642)
368th English Civil War: The Rump Parliament votes to put Charles I on trial. (4th Jan 1649)
300th The Netherlands, Great Britain, and France sign the Triple Alliance. (4th Jan 1717)
255th Great Britain declares war on Spain and Naples. (4th Jan 1762)
133rd The Fabian Society is founded in London. (4th Jan 1884)
105th The Scout Association is incorporated throughout the British Commonwealth by Royal Charter. (4th Jan 1912)
45th Rose Heilbron becomes the first female judge to sit at the Old Bailey in London. (4th Jan 1972)
4th Mark Cahill, a 51-year-old former pub landlord from West Yorkshire becomes the first person in the UK to receive a hand transplant. (4th Jan 2013)
951st Edward the Confessor dies childless, sparking a succession crisis that will eventually lead to the Norman Conquest of England. (5th Jan 1066)
73rd The Daily Mail becomes the first transoceanic newspaper. (5th Jan 1944)
48th Members of the Royal Ulster Constabulary damage property and assault occupants in the Bogside in Derry, Northern Ireland. In response, residents erect barricades and establish Free Derry. (5th Jan 1969)
46th The first One Day International cricket match is held between Australia and England at the Melbourne Cricket Ground. (5th Jan 1971)
14th Police arrest seven suspects in connection with Wood Green ricin plot. (5th Jan 2003)
10th Umran Javed is found guilty at the Old Bailey of inciting racial hatred at a London rally in February 2006 protesting against the publication of a cartoon in a Danish newspaper depicting Muhammad. (5th Jan 2007)
8th Waterford Wedgwood, makers of the famous Wedgwood pottery, entered administration (5th Jan 2009)
7th The country was once again deluged by heavy snowfall as it endured its worst cold spell since the winter of 198182. (5th Jan 2010)
951st Harold Godwinson is crowned King of England. (6th Jan 1066)
477th King Henry VIII of England marries Anne of Cleves. (6th Jan 1540)
356th The Fifth Monarchists unsuccessfully attempt to seize control of London. (6th Jan 1661)
236th In the Battle of Jersey, the British defeat the last attempt by France to invade Jersey. (6th Jan 1781)
13th The coroner's inquest into the death of Diana, Princess of Wales and her lover Dodi Al-Fayed is officially opened. (6th Jan 2004)
8th The closure of Woolworths was completed across the UK, having started at the end of December, and spelled an end to 100 years of the retail chain. The company was placed into administration in November 2008. (6th Jan 2009)
1st Labour MPs Jonathan Reynolds and Stephen Doughty quit over the sacking of the shadow Europe minister Pat McFadden, after party leader Jeremy Corbyn reshuffles his shadow cabinet and makes controversial changes within his team. (6th Jan 2016)
40th Record company EMI sacks the British punk rock group the Sex Pistols for their behaviour on ITV's Today Show, whose presenter Bill Grundy was also dismissed by his employers for inciting them. (6th Jan 1977)
459th France takes Calais, the last continental possession of England. (7th Jan 1558)
232nd Frenchman Jean-Pierre Blanchard and American John Jeffries travel from Dover, England, to Calais, France, in a gas balloon. (7th Jan 1785)
90th The first transatlantic telephone service is established - from New York City to London. (7th Jan 1927)
52nd Twin brothers Ronnie and Reggie Kray are arrested on suspicion of running a protection racket in London. (7th Jan 1965)
50th The television series The Forsyte Saga was first shown, on BBC Two. (7th Jan 1967)
1146th Alfred the Great leads a West Saxon army to repel an invasion by Danelaw Vikings. (8th Jan 0871)
283rd Premiere performance of George Frideric Handel's Ariodante at the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden. (8th Jan 1734)
271st Second Jacobite Rising: Bonnie Prince Charlie occupies Stirling. (8th Jan 1746)
77th World War II: Britain introduces food rationing. (8th Jan 1940)
28th The Kegworth air disaster. British Midland flight 92 crashes into the M1 motorway killing 47 people out of 127 on board. (8th Jan 1989)
13th The RMS Queen Mary 2, the largest passenger ship ever built, is christened by her namesake's granddaughter, Queen Elizabeth II. (8th Jan 2004)
8th The Bank of England cut its base interest rate to 1.5% amid the global economic downturn, the lowest it has been in the bank's 300-year history. (8th Jan 2009)
3rd An inquest jury decides that Mark Duggan, whose death sparked the 2011 riots was lawfully killed by police. (8th Jan 2014)
13th The Queen Mary 2 is christened by Elizabeth II. (8th Jan 2004)
586th Judges' investigations for the trial of Joan of Arc begin in Rouen, France, the seat of the English occupation government. (9th Jan 1431)
249th In London, Philip Astley stages the first modern circus. (9th Jan 1768)
211th Admiral Horatio Lord Nelson receives a state funeral and is interred in St Paul's Cathedral. (9th Jan 1806)
201st Sir Humphry Davy tests the Davy lamp for miners at Hebburn Colliery. (9th Jan 1816)
108th Ernest Shackleton, leading the Nimrod Expedition to the South Pole, plants the British flag 97 nautical miles (180 km; 112 mi) from the South Pole, the furthest anyone had ever reached at that time. (9th Jan 1909)
76th World War II: First flight of the Avro Lancaster. (9th Jan 1941)
10th New rules outlawing businesses from discriminating against homosexuals are upheld in the House of Lords, after a challenge by Lord Morrow of the Democratic Unionist Party. (9th Jan 2007)
45th Coal miners begin a strike which lasts for seven weeks. (9th Jan 1972)
372nd Archbishop William Laud is beheaded at the Tower of London. (10th Jan 1645)
154th The London Underground, the world's oldest underground railway, opens between London Paddington station and Farringdon station. (10th Jan 1863)
35th The lowest ever UK temperature of -27.2C is recorded at Braemar, in Aberdeenshire. This equals the record set in the same place in 1895. (10th Jan 1982)
14th Ian Carr, a 27-year-old banned driver with a total of 89 previous convictions), admits causing the death by dangerous driving of a six-year-old girl in Ashington, Northumberland - a crime which sparks widespread public and media outrage across Britain. (10th Jan 2003)
179th A fire destroys Lloyd's Coffee House and the Royal Exchange in London. (10th Jan 1838)
4th April Casburn, a senior detective with the Metropolitan Police is found guilty of trying to sell information on the investigation into phone hacking to the News of the World. (10th Jan 2013)
63rd A de Havilland Comet jet airliner on BOAC Flight 781 from Singapore to London crashes in the Mediterranean Sea following fatigue failure, killing all 35 on board. (10th Jan 1954)
3rd Police officer Keith Wallis pleads guilty to misconduct in a public office over an email he sent to his local MP concerning the Plebgate affair. (10th Jan 2014)
32nd The Sinclair C5, a battery-assisted recumbent tricycle, designed by the British inventor Clive Sinclair is launched. (10th Jan 1985)
32nd Eight people are killed by a gas explosion at a block of flats in Putney. (10th Jan 1985)
5th The Scottish Government announces that it plans to hold the referendum on Scottish independence in the autumn of 2014. (10th Jan 2012)
5th Five Muslim men go on trial at Derby Crown Court for calling for gay men to be killed, the first such prosecution under hate crime legislation. (10th Jan 2012)
40th Clive Sinclair introduces his new two-inch screen television set, which retails at £175. (10th Jan 1977)
60th Harold Macmillan succeeds Eden as Prime Minister. (10th Jan 1957)
448th First recorded lottery in England. (11th Jan 1569)
35th Mark Thatcher, son of Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher, disappears in the Sahara during Paris-Dakar rally. (11th Jan 1982)
44th The Open University awarded its first degrees. (11th Jan 1973)
53rd Teen girls' magazine Jackie first published. (11th Jan 1964)
153rd Charing Cross railway station in London opens. (11th Jan 1864)
28th Abbey National building society offers free shares to its 5.5 million members. (11th Jan 1989)
209th The organizational meeting that led to the creation of the Wernerian Natural History Society, a former Scottish learned society, is held in Edinburgh. (12th Jan 1808)
151st The Royal Aeronautical Society is formed in London. (12th Jan 1866)
122nd The National Trust is founded in the United Kingdom. (12th Jan 1895)
118th 13 crew members and 5 apprentices are rescued from the stricken schooner Forest Hall by the Lynmouth Lifeboat when it floundered off the coast of Devon, England. (12th Jan 1899)
111th Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman's cabinet (which included amongst its members H. H. Asquith, David Lloyd George, and Winston Churchill) embarks on sweeping social reforms after a Liberal landslide in the British general election. (12th Jan 1906)
95th British government releases remaining Irish prisoners captured in the War of Independence. (12th Jan 1922)
95th HMS Victory permanently dry docked at Portsmouth. (12th Jan 1922)
689th Edward III of England marries Philippa of Hainault, daughter of the Count of Hainault. (13th Jan 1328)
470th Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey is sentenced to death. (13th Jan 1547)
232nd John Walter publishes the first issue of the Daily Universal Register (later renamed The Times). (13th Jan 1785)
124th The Independent Labour Party of the United Kingdom holds its first meeting. (13th Jan 1893)
13th Serial killer Dr. Harold Shipman is found dead in his cell; suicide is suspected. (13th Jan 2004)
74th World War II: Franklin D. Roosevelt and Winston Churchill begin the Casablanca Conference to discuss strategy and study the next phase of the war. (14th Jan 1943)
39th The English punk rock band Sex Pistols broke up amidst their US tour. (14th Jan 1978)
15th The end of the Foot and Mouth crisis is declared after 11 months (14th Jan 2002)
25th The Bank of Credit and Commerce International goes into liquidation. (14th Jan 1992)
8th The government unveiled a £20 billion loan guarantee scheme for small and medium sized business amid the global financial crisis. (14th Jan 2009)
23rd The Duchess of Kent joins the Roman Catholic Church, the first member of the Royal Family to convert to Catholicism for more than 300 years. (14th Jan 1994)
203rd Treaty of Kiel cedes Danish Heligoland to Britain. (14th Jan 1814)
203rd Last River Thames frost fair in London. (14th Jan 1814)
28th Muslims demonstrate in Bradford against The Satanic Verses, a book written by Salman Rushdie, burning copies of the book in the city streets. (14th Jan 1989)
278th Britain and Spain sign the Convention of Pardo. (14th Jan 1739)
458th Elizabeth I is crowned Queen of England in Westminster Abbey, London. (15th Jan 1559)
258th The British Museum opens. (15th Jan 1759)
8th Approval was granted for the building of the controversial third runway and sixth terminal at Heathrow Airport. (15th Jan 2009)
1st Tim Peake conducts the first ever spacewalk by an "official" British astronaut. (15th Jan 2016)
10th Diana, Princess of Wales calls for an international ban on landmines. (15th Jan 2007)
50th The United Kingdom entered the first round of negotiations for EEC membership in Rome. (15th Jan 1967)
445th Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk is tried for treason for his part in the Ridolfi plot to restore Catholicism in England. (16th Jan 1572)
436th The English Parliament outlaws Roman Catholicism. (16th Jan 1581)
310th The Scottish Parliament ratifies the Act of Union, paving the way for the creation of Great Britain. (16th Jan 1707)
78th The Irish Republican Army (IRA) begins a bombing and sabotage campaign in England. (16th Jan 1939)
4th A helicopter crash in central London kills two people and injures 13 others. (16th Jan 2013)
60th Royal Ballet granted a Royal Charter. (16th Jan 1957)
60th The Cavern Club opens in Liverpool as a jazz club. (16th Jan 1957)
369th England's Long Parliament passes the Vote of No Addresses, breaking off negotiations with King Charles I and thereby setting the scene for the second phase of the English Civil War. (17th Jan 1648)
244th Captain James Cook and his crew become the first Europeans to sail below the Antarctic Circle. (17th Jan 1773)
165th The United Kingdom recognizes the independence of the Boer colonies of the Transvaal. (17th Jan 1852)
9th British Airways Flight 38 crash lands just short of London Heathrow Airport in England with no fatalities. It is the first complete hull loss of a Boeing 777. (17th Jan 2008)
25th In an IRA bomb attack near Omagh, seven construction workers are killed and seven others injured. (17th Jan 1992)
105th British polar explorer Robert Falcon Scott and a team of four reach the South Pole, only to find that Amundsen has beaten them to it. (17th Jan 1912)
305th Robert Walpole imprisoned in the Tower of London following charges of corruption (17th Jan 1712)
34th First British breakfast time television programme, Breakfast Time, broadcast by the BBC. (17th Jan 1983)
32nd British Telecom announces it is going to phase out its famous red telephone boxes. (17th Jan 1985)
1st For the first time, the typical pay of a Scottish worker rises above those in England, according to a new study by the Resolution Foundation. (17th Jan 2016)
10th It was announced that methamphetamine otherwise known as crystal meth will be reclassified to a Class A drug, to avert widespread use of the drug. (17th Jan 2007)
10th A jury at the Old Bailey rules that 86-year-old Szymon Serafinowicz is unfit to stand trial on charges of murdering Jews during the Holocaust. (17th Jan 2007)
531st King Henry VII of England marries Elizabeth of York, daughter of Edward IV. (18th Jan 1486)
133rd Dr. William Price attempts to cremate the body of his infant son, Jesus Christ Price, setting a legal precedent for cremation in the United Kingdom (18th Jan 1884)
131st Modern field hockey is born with the formation of The Hockey Association in England. (18th Jan 1886)
114th President Theodore Roosevelt sends a radio message to King Edward VII: the first transatlantic radio transmission originating in the United States. (18th Jan 1903)
39th The European Court of Human Rights finds the United Kingdom government guilty of mistreating prisoners in Northern Ireland, but not guilty of torture. (18th Jan 1978)
10th The strongest storm in the United Kingdom in 17 years kills 14 people, Germany sees the worst storm since 1999 with 13 deaths. Hurricane Kyrill, causes at least 44 deaths across 20 countries in Western Europe. (18th Jan 2007)
50th Jeremy Thorpe became leader of the Liberal Party. (18th Jan 1967)
598th Hundred Years' War: Rouen surrenders to Henry V of England completing his reconquest of Normandy. (19th Jan 1419)
253rd John Wilkes is expelled from the British House of Commons for seditious libel. (19th Jan 1764)
102nd World War I: German zeppelins bomb the towns of Great Yarmouth and King's Lynn in the United Kingdom killing more than 20, in the first major aerial bombardment of a civilian target. (19th Jan 1915)
100th Silvertown explosion: 73 are killed and 400 injured in an explosion in a munitions plant in London. (19th Jan 1917)
29th Elizabeth Butler-Sloss becomes the first woman to be appointed a Lord Justice of Appeal. (19th Jan 1988)
3rd The UK Independence Party suspends an Oxfordshire councillor who blamed the floods that hit the country earlier in the month on the government's decision to legalise same-sex marriage because it had angered God. (19th Jan 2014)
102nd World War I: German zeppelins bomb the towns of Great Yarmouth and King's Lynn for the first time, killing more than twenty. (19th Jan 1915)
752nd In Westminster, the first English parliament conducts its first meeting held by Simon de Montfort in the Palace of Westminster, now also known colloquially as the "Houses of Parliament". (20th Jan 1265)
661st Edward Balliol abdicates as King of Scotland. (20th Jan 1356)
368th Charles I of England goes on trial for treason and other "high crimes". (20th Jan 1649)
234th The Kingdom of Great Britain signs a peace treaty with France and Spain, officially ending hostilities in the American Revolutionary War (20th Jan 1783)
81st Edward VIII becomes King of the United Kingdom. (20th Jan 1936)
30th Church of England envoy Terry Waite is kidnapped in Lebanon. (20th Jan 1987)
11th Witnesses report sightings of a Bottlenose whale swimming in the River Thames, the first time the species had been seen in the River Thames since records began in 1913. (20th Jan 2006)
45th Unemployment exceeds million for the first time since the 1930s. (20th Jan 1972)
53rd Eleven men go on trial at Buckinghamshire Assizes in Aylesbury charged in connection with the Great Train Robbery five months ago. (20th Jan 1964)
5th Press TV, an English language news channel owned by the Iranian Government is forced off air in the United Kingdom after Ofcom revokes its broadcasting licence for breaching the terms of the Communications Act. (20th Jan 2012)
46th The current Emley Moor transmitting station, the tallest free-standing structure in the United Kingdom, begins transmitting UHF broadcasts. (21st Jan 1971)
41st Commercial service of Concorde begins with the London-Bahrain and Paris-Rio routes. (21st Jan 1976)
73rd Start of Operation Steinbock (the "Baby Blitz"), a nocturnal Luftwaffe bombing offensive chiefly targeted at the Greater London area. (continues until May) (21st Jan 1944)
83rd Ten thousand people attend a British Union of Fascists rally in Birmingham, organised by Oswald Mosley. (21st Jan 1934)
1st An inquiry finds that the murder of British ex-Russian spy Alexander Litvinenko in 2006 in London was "probably" approved by Russian President Vladimir Putin. (21st Jan 2016)
328th The Convention Parliament convenes to determine if James II, the last Roman Catholic king of England, had vacated the throne when he fled to France in 1688. (22nd Jan 1689)
246th Spain cedes Port Egmont in the Falkland Islands to the United Kingdom. (22nd Jan 1771)
116th Edward VII is proclaimed King after the death of his mother, Queen Victoria. (22nd Jan 1901)
93rd Ramsay MacDonald becomes the first Labour Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. (22nd Jan 1924)
90th First live radio commentary of a football match anywhere in the world, between Arsenal F.C. and Sheffield United at Highbury. (22nd Jan 1927)
45th Britain officially joins the European Economic Community. (22nd Jan 1972)
29th Colin Pitchfork is sentenced to life imprisonment after admitting the rape and murder of two girls in Leicestershire in 1983 and 1986, the first conviction for murder in the UK based on DNA fingerprinting evidence. (22nd Jan 1988)
53rd The Film "Zulu" is released. (22nd Jan 1964)
507th Henry VIII of England, then 18 years old, appears incognito in the lists at Richmond, and is applauded for his jousting before he reveals his identity. (23rd Jan 1510)
484th Anne Boleyn, second wife of Henry VIII of England, discovers herself pregnant. (23rd Jan 1533)
447th James Stewart, 1st Earl of Moray, regent for the infant King James VI of Scotland, is assassinated by firearm, the first recorded instance of such. (23rd Jan 1570)
446th The Royal Exchange opens in London. (23rd Jan 1571)
54th Double Agent Kim Philby disappears having defected to the Soviet Union. (23rd Jan 1963)
74th World War II: British forces capture Tripoli from the Nazis. (23rd Jan 1943)
8th The Office for National Statistics announced that the United Kingdom's economy is officially in recession for the first time since 1991. (23rd Jan 2009)
93rd Margaret Bondfield becomes the first woman to be appointed a government minister. (23rd Jan 1924)
32nd A debate in the House of Lords is televised for the first time. (23rd Jan 1985)
62nd Sutton Coldfield rail crash: an express train takes a sharp curve too fast and derails at Sutton Coldfield railway station: 17 killed, 43 injured. (23rd Jan 1955)
50th Milton Keynes, a village in north Buckinghamshire, was formally designated as a new town by the government. (23rd Jan 1967)
338th King Charles II of England dissolves the Cavalier Parliament. (24th Jan 1679)
484th Henry VIII of England secretly marries his second wife Anne Boleyn. (24th Jan 1533)
52nd Sir Winston Churchill dies aged 90 at Chartwell, his Kent home of more than 40 years. (24th Jan 1965)
5th UK government debt has risen above £1 trillion for the first time. (24th Jan 2012)
226th The British Parliament passes the Constitutional Act of 1791 and splits the old Province of Quebec into Upper and Lower Canada. (25th Jan 1791)
225th The London Corresponding Society is founded. (25th Jan 1792)
159th The Wedding March by Felix Mendelssohn becomes a popular wedding recessional after it is played on this day at the marriage of Queen Victoria's daughter, Victoria, and Friedrich of Prussia. (25th Jan 1858)
27th The Burns' Day storm hits northwestern Europe. (25th Jan 1990)
9th The last deep coal mine in Wales, near Rhondda, closes. (25th Jan 2008)
14th London's Central Line underground train crashes into the tunnel wall at Chancery Lane tube station in London, injuring 34 people. (25th Jan 2003)
8th The Sunday Times published allegations that four Labour members of the House of Lords were willing to accept money to table amendments to legislation. (25th Jan 2009)
33rd The government prohibits GCHQ staff from belonging to any trade union. (25th Jan 1984)
100th Armed merchantman SS Laurentic is sunk by mines off Lough Swilly with the loss of 354 of the 475 aboard. (25th Jan 1917)
200th The Scotsman is first published in Edinburgh as a liberal weekly newspaper by lawyer William Ritchie and customs official Charles Maclaren. (25th Jan 1817)
176th The United Kingdom formally occupies Hong Kong, which China later formally cedes. (26th Jan 1841)
10th The News of the World's royal editor Clive Goodman is jailed for four months having pleaded guilty to phone message interception charges. (26th Jan 2007)
35th Unemployment hits 3 million for the first time since the 1930s (26th Jan 1982)
75th World War II: First US troops for the European Theatre arrive in the UK, at Belfast. (26th Jan 1942)
85th British submarine HMS M2 sinks with all 50 hands. (26th Jan 1932)
129th The Lawn Tennis Association is founded. (26th Jan 1888)
12th Closure of Ellington Colliery at Ellington, Northumberland, the last remaining operational deep coal mine in North East England, and the last in the UK to extract coal from under the sea. (26th Jan 2005)
100th The sea defences at the village of Hallsands, Devon are breached, leading to all but one of the houses becoming uninhabitable. (26th Jan 1917)
411th Gunpowder Plot: The trial of Guy Fawkes and other conspirators begins, ending with their execution on January 31. (27th Jan 1606)
10th The final edition of Grandstand, the flagship BBC sports programme, is aired after nearly 50 years on television screens. (27th Jan 2007)
50th The UK, Soviet Union, and USA sign the Outer Space Treaty. (27th Jan 1967)
470th Henry VIII dies. His nine year old son, Edward VI becomes King, and the first Protestant ruler of England. (28th Jan 1547)
263rd Horace Walpole coins the word serendipity in a letter to Horace Mann. (28th Jan 1754)
204th Pride and Prejudice is first published in the United Kingdom. (28th Jan 1813)
59th The last episode of the British radio comedy programme Goon Show was broadcast. (28th Jan 1958)
29th The last episode of the British TV series Yes, Prime Minister, entitled The Tangled Web, was broadcast. (28th Jan 1988)
4th Government plans to redraw constituency boundaries before the next general election are defeated in the House of Commons. (28th Jan 2013)
8th Hundreds of workers went on strike at the Lindsay Oil Refinery in Lincolnshire in protest at the hiring of foreign construction workers at the site, despite rising unemployment in the UK. (28th Jan 2009)
13th The Hutton Inquiry into the circumstances of the death of Dr. David Kelly is published. (28th Jan 2004)
13th The Hutton Inquiry into the circumstances of the death of Dr. David Kelly is published. (28th Jan 2004)
161st Queen Victoria institutes the Victoria Cross. (29th Jan 1856)
75th Desert Island Discs first broadcast on the BBC Forces Programme, presented by Roy Plomley. Vic Oliver is the first castaway. (29th Jan 1942)
7th Former Prime Minister Tony Blair appeared at the Iraq Inquiry and was questioned in public for the first time about his decision to take the United Kingdom to war against Iraq. (29th Jan 2010)
1st The last Land Rover Defender rolls off the production line at Solihull, ending 68 years of production. (29th Jan 2016)
368th King Charles I of England is beheaded. (30th Jan 1649)
356th Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England is ritually executed two years after his death, on the anniversary of the execution of the monarch he himself deposed. (30th Jan 1661)
191st The Menai Suspension Bridge, considered the world's first modern suspension bridge, connecting the Isle of Anglesey to the north West coast of Wales, is opened. (30th Jan 1826)
159th The first Hallé concert is given in Manchester, England, marking the official founding of the Hallé Orchestra as a full-time, professional orchestra. (30th Jan 1858)
115th The first Anglo-Japanese Alliance is signed in London. (30th Jan 1902)
104th The United Kingdom's House of Lords rejects the Irish Home Rule Bill. (30th Jan 1913)
48th The Beatles' last public performance, on the roof of Apple Records in London. The impromptu concert is broken up by the police. (30th Jan 1969)
45th Bloody Sunday: British Paratroopers kill fourteen unarmed civil rights/anti internment marchers in Northern Ireland. (30th Jan 1972)
21st Gino Gallagher, the suspected leader of the Irish National Liberation Army, is killed while waiting in line for his unemployment benefit. (30th Jan 1996)
14th Richard Colvin Reid, the so-called "shoe bomber", sentenced to life imprisonment by a United States court (30th Jan 2003)
3rd Figures released by the Met Office indicate Southern England and parts of the Midlands have experienced their highest January rainfall since records began in 1910. (30th Jan 2014)
30th The flotation of British Airways begins. (30th Jan 1987)
411th Gunpowder Plot: Guy Fawkes is executed for his plotting against Parliament and James I of England. (31st Jan 1606)
270th The first venereal diseases clinic opens at London Lock Hospital. (31st Jan 1747)
168th Corn Laws are abolished in the United Kingdom (following legislation in 1846). (31st Jan 1849)
99th A series of accidental collisions on a misty Scottish night leads to the loss of two Royal Navy submarines with over a hundred lives, and damage to another five British warships. (31st Jan 1918)
98th The Battle of George Square takes place in Glasgow, Scotland. (31st Jan 1919)
16th In the Netherlands, a Scottish court convicts Libyan Abdelbaset al-Megrahi and acquits another Libyan citizen for their part in the bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland in 1988. (31st Jan 2001)
10th Suspects are arrested in Birmingham in the UK, accused of plotting the kidnap, holding and eventual beheading of a serving Muslim British soldier in Iraq. (31st Jan 2007)
5th Former Royal Bank of Scotland CEO Fred Goodwin loses his knighthood as a result of the near collapse of the bank in 2008. (31st Jan 2012)
34th Seatbelt use for drivers and front seat passengers becomes mandatory, 11 years after becoming compulsory equipment. (31st Jan 1983)
64th The North Sea flood of 1953 kills hundreds of people on the east coast of Britain. (31st Jan 1953)
102nd Warwick Avenue station on the London Underground Bakerloo Line opens. (31st Jan 1915)
102nd Kilburn Park station on the London Underground Bakerloo Line opens. (31st Jan 1915)

 

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